History Archive Icon

History Archive

Science

Science Collection

History Archive - Science Collection

Science (Lat. scientia, from scire, to learn, know) is a word which, in its broadest sense, is synonymous with learning and knowledge. Early scientific works were not limited by arbitrary scientific fields and many old accounts encompassed disparate fields such as geology, biology, ethnology, zoology and more. In this sense they truly were multidisciplinary and their works form the foundation of our modern field of science today.

The beginnings of physical science are to be sought in the slow and unconscious observation by primitive races of men of natural occurrences, such as the apparent movements of the heavenly bodies, and in the gradually acquired mastery over the rude implements by the aid of which such men strove to increase the security and comfort of their lives. Biological science similarly must have begun with observation of the plants and animals useful to man, and with empirical medicine and surgery. It was only when a considerable progress had been made with ordered knowledge that men began to ask questions about the meaning and causes of the phenomena, and to discern the connexions between them.

In the earliest stage of development it seems that an anthropomorphic or mythological explanation is always assigned to the phenomena of nature. With no clue to trace the regularity of sequence and connexion between those phenomena, an untutored mind inevitably refers the apparently capricious events which succeed each other to the direct and immediate intervention of some unseen being of a nature essentially similar to his own. The sun is the flaming chariot of the sun-god, driven day by day across the heavens; the clouds are cows from which milk descends as nourishing rain on the fruitful earth.

We may regard such myths as childlike fancies, but they were doubtless an advance on the want of all explanation which preceded them; they supplied hypotheses which, besides giving rise to themes of beauty and suggestiveness for poetry and art, played the first and chief part of a scientific hypothesis in pointing the way for further inquiry. Much useful knowledge was acquired and much skill gained in logical analysis before these primitive explanations were proved insufficient. A false theory which can be compared with facts may be more useful at a given stage of development than a true one beyond the comprehension of the time, and incapable of examination by observation or experiment by any means then known. The Newtonian theory of gravitation might be useless to a savage, to whose mind the animistic view of nature brought conviction and helpful ideas, which he could test by experience.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 24. pg 396-404

Available Books

Book Title Date
Science - A Journey to the Earth's Interior A Journey to the Earth's Interior 1913
Science - A Journey to the Earth's Interior A Journey to the Earth's Interior 1920
Science - A Practical Treatise on Gas-Light A Practical Treatise on Gas-Light 1815
Science - A Practical Treatise on the Construction of Chimneys A Practical Treatise on the Construction of Chimneys 1826
Science - A Treatise on Navigation by Steam A Treatise on Navigation by Steam 1828
Science - A Treatise on the Art of Brewing A Treatise on the Art of Brewing 1820
Science - Amusement Microscopique Vol. 1 Amusement Microscopique Vol. 1 1764
Science - Amusement Microscopique Vol. 2 Amusement Microscopique Vol. 2 1764
Science - Amusement Microscopique Vol. 3 Amusement Microscopique Vol. 3 1764
Science - Animate Creation Vol. 1 Animate Creation Vol. 1 1885
Science - Animate Creation Vol. 2 Animate Creation Vol. 2 1885
Science - Animate Creation Vol. 3 Animate Creation Vol. 3 1885
Science - Atlas of Meteorology Atlas of Meteorology 1899
Science - Culinary Chemistry Culinary Chemistry 1821
Science - Description of the Process of Manufacturing Coal Gas Description of the Process of Manufacturing Coal Gas 1819
Science - Experiments and Observations on Electricity Experiments and Observations on Electricity 1751
Science - Magnetical Observations in the Arctic Seas Magnetical Observations in the Arctic Seas 1859
Science - Meteorological Observations in the Arctic Seas Meteorological Observations in the Arctic Seas 1859
Science - Museum de la Jeunesse Museum de la Jeunesse 1809
Science - Popular Physical Geology Popular Physical Geology 1853
Science - Porte-Feuille Geographique et Ethnographique [Text] Porte-Feuille Geographique et Ethnographique [Text] 1820
Science - Porte-Feuille Geographique et Ethnographique [Atlas] Porte-Feuille Geographique et Ethnographique [Atlas] 1820
Science - Principles of Geology Vol. 1 Principles of Geology Vol. 1 1830
Science - Principles of Geology Vol. 2 Principles of Geology Vol. 2 1830
Science - Principles of Geology Vol. 3 Principles of Geology Vol. 3 1830
Science - Rational Recreations Vol. 1 Rational Recreations Vol. 1 1787
Science - Rational Recreations Vol. 2 Rational Recreations Vol. 2 1787
Science - Rational Recreations Vol. 3 Rational Recreations Vol. 3 1787
Science - Rational Recreations Vol. 4 Rational Recreations Vol. 4 1787
Science - Remarks on a Review of Symmes' Theory Remarks on a Review of Symmes' Theory 1827
Science - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Atlas Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Atlas 1866
Science - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 1 Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 1 1861
Science - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 2 Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 2 1862
Science - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 3 Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 3 1863
Science - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 4 Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 4 1866
Science - Symmes's Theory of Concentric Spheres Symmes's Theory of Concentric Spheres 1826
Science - The Geognosy of the Island St. Helena The Geognosy of the Island St. Helena 1834
Science - The Phantom of the Poles The Phantom of the Poles 1906
Science - Tidal Observations in the Arctic Seas Tidal Observations in the Arctic Seas 1860
Science - Tychonis Brahe Astronomiae Instauratae Progymnasmata Tychonis Brahe Astronomiae Instauratae Progymnasmata 1598

Images

Image Name
Cochinchinois
Carte politique de l'Italie
[Lunar Map of the Moon]
Back Cover
Book Display I
Part IV Colored Wrapper
Chute du Niagara
Village of Mangeldai in Assam
The Mahanadi River in the Rainy Season Central Bengal
The Summit of Kanchinjinga in the Himalaya of Sikkim
Holothurians and Sea Star
Panorama Profiles [I] the Himalaya of Bhutan Sikkim and Nepal
Carte Physique de l'Amerique Septentrionale
Carte de la Suede de la Norwege
The Buddhist Monastery Himis near Leh in Ladak
Figures & Diagrams Related to Gas-Works [II]
Magnetic Survey of India and High Asia [III]
he Bias Between Amritsar and Jalander Panjab
Carte Politique de l'Amerique Meridionale
Kalmouks
Dipper Wagtails and Wrens
Carte physique de l'Italie
Rhinoceros
Combat de Taureaux en Espagne
Colored Wrapper Front Cover
Tableau des principales Hauteurs du Globe
Carte Physique du Monde Connu des Anciens
The Flats of the Hiron Valley from the Barer Plateau near Kattingi Central India
Carte Politique de l'Amerique Septentrionale
Illustrations of the Meterology of India and High Asia [IV]
Sea Lion
Chimpanzee
Title Page
Magnetic Survey of India and High Asia [II]
[Assorted Facial Profiles - V]
Routes in High Asia
Carte politique de l'Asie
Illustrations of the Meterology of India and High Asia [III]
Title Page
Panorama Profiles [II]
Panorama of the Lake and the Gardens near Srinagar Kashmir Southern Aspect
The Salt Lake Tsomognalari in Pangkong Western Tibet
Carte des principales Varietes de l'espece humaine selon le systeme de Blumenbach
Carte Politique de l'Afrique
Avalanche
La Ville de Lichtenfels en Groenlande
Gas Works
Italiens
Stag Beetle and Longicorn Beetle
Carte Phisique de la Suisse
Negres du Senegal
[Spheres]
[Assorted Facial Profiles - II]
Carte Physique de l'Afrique
The Chorkonda Glacier in Balti Tibet
Book Display I
Back Cover
Bull Frog
Grotte de l'Arveron
Carte Physique de l'Allemagne
Oceanie
[Zodiac and Astrological Spheres]
Kamtchadales
Cicadae Lantern Fly etc.
[Zodiac Diagram]
Gaurisankar or Mount Everest in the Himalaya of Nepal
Mappe Monde
Partridge
Porcupine
Paradise Flycatchers
Alluvial Deposits in the Brahmaputra Above Rakusni Hill Assam
Europe en 1817
Group of Finches
Carte Physique de l'Europe
Sea Anemones
The Summit of Parisnath in Bahar
Carte physique de l'Asie
Puma
Persans
Part II Colored Wrapper
Harvest Mouse
Chillingham Cattle
The Salt Lake Tsomoriri in Rupchu Western Tibet
The Jhilum or Behut in the Panjab
Titmice
Illustrations of the Meterology of India and High Asia [II]
Habitans de la nouvelle Zeelande
Interior of the Buddhistic Temple of the Monastery Mangnang in Gnari Khorsum
Front Cover
Carte Politique de la France
The Kunda Range in the Nilgiris Southern India
Habitans de Quito
Front Cover
Ruines de Palmyre
Swarm of Migratory Locusts
The Chain of the Kuenluen from Sumgal in Turkistan

Topics

View All Topics
Sabalico Logo
Sabali Mail Logo
Domain Search Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website On Logo
Code Editor Logo
ASCII Table Logo
HTML Symbols Logo
Emoji Symbols Logo
Encode File Logo
Generator Password Logo
QR Code Generator Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Online Sign Logo
Dictionary Online Logo
Counter Word Logo
Text Convert Logo
Lorem Ipsum Generator Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Resize Image Logo
Image Compress Logo
Image Color Logo
Image Crop Logo
Combine Images Logo
Color Picker Logo
Color Convert Logo
CSS Gradient Logo
To-Do List Logo
Calendar Free Logo
Generator Meme Logo
Word Spinner Logo
Phone Country Logo
Sabalytics Logo
Senty Logo
World Map Logo
SEO Guide Logo
Keyword Tool Logo
What is my IP Logo
My Device Logo
My Browser Logo
My Location Logo
Time Zone Logo
Day Map Logo
My Weather Logo
My Galaxy Logo
The Moon Logo
Periodic Table Logo
rStatistics Logo
Unit Convert Logo
Data Convert Logo
Coordinate Converter Logo
Temperature Convert Logo
2020 Election Logo
Currency Convert Logo
Free Calculator Logo
Finance Calculator Logo
Loan Calculator Logo
Calculator Mortgage Logo
Stock Calculator Logo
Bond Calculator Logo
Tax Calculator Logo
Tip Calculator Logo
Gas Mileage Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo
History of Humanity - Mafia History Logo