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Railroads Collection

History Archive - Railroads Collection

Railroads played a large role in the development of the United States from the industrial revolution in the North-east (1810-1850) to the settlement of the West (1850-1890). The American railroad construction began with the founding of the first passenger and freight line by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1827.

With the "Laying of the First Stone" ceremonies the race to build railroads across the nation began. This long period of construction headed westward over the obstacles of the Appalachian Mountains eastern chain the following year of 1828, and flourished with continuous railway building projects for the next 45 years until the financial Panic of 1873 followed by a major economic depression bankrupted many companies and temporarily stymied and ended growth.

Although the antebellum South started early to build railways, it concentrated on short lines linking cotton regions to oceanic or river ports, and the absence of an interconnected network was a major handicap during the Civil War (1861-1865).

The North and Midwest constructed networks that linked every city by 1860 before the war. In the heavily settled Midwestern Corn Belt, over 80 percent of farms were within 5 miles (8 km) of a railway, facilitating the shipment of grain, hogs, and cattle to national and international markets.

A large number of short lines were built, but thanks to a fast developing financial system based on Wall Street and oriented to railway bonds, the majority were consolidated into 20 trunk lines by 1890. State and local governments often subsidized lines, but rarely owned them. The system was largely built by 1910

Available Books


Image Name
The Hopi House, Grand Canyon, Arizona
Entrance to the Kasuga Shrine at Nara and Group of Consecrated Maidens
The Praca da Lapa and Praca da Gloria
Armour and Weapons of Ancient Warriors
The Ikebana or Flower Arrangement - One of the Aesthetic Arts of Japan
State Capital, Sacramento, Cal.
The River Wall at Wylam Scars
Tunel No.2 y Salto del Atoyac
Excavation of Olive Mount four miles from Liverpool
Missouri River Bridge at Mobridge, S. Dak
Raton Tunnel, Highest Point on the Santa Fe
Puente de la Soledad. Tomado desde el Hospital
General Map of the Government Railways in Japan
A Bit of Rio's North Western Suburbs
Elle of Ganado-Indian Building, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Most famous weaver among the Navajo.
Back Cover
Apache Warrior, Rio Navaho, Arizona
Wasatch Mountains near Ogden, Utah
Miyajima - A Celebrated Island in the Inland Sea
San Francisco and Bay, Oakland, Berkeley and Alameda in Distance
Playing the Koto, a Japanese Music Instrument
Estacion de Orizaba
Blenkinsopp Hall
La Bota (Cumbres de Maltrata)
Terminus of the Central Railway of Brazil
A View of Mt. Fuji (Height: 12,370 ft.)
Interior of a Modern Department Store in Tokyo
Donner Lake from near Summit, Cal.
Vista of Beautiful Lake Merritt, Oakland
Title Page
Looking down from the Eastern Edge of Cocovado
Mount Shasta from Point near Edgewood
Panorama of Mount Shasta
Front View of Ferry Building, San Francisco
Orange Grove near Colfax, Cal.
A River Picnic in Spring under the Plum Blossom
Grand Shrine of Ise
Portland, Oregon, Mount Hood in Distance
Corner of the Praca da Gloria
Back Cover
The Main Entrance to the Imperial Palace, Tokyo
A Peep of the Inland Sea near Onomichi
The Kinkakuji, Golden Pavillion, Kyoto
Jute Mills of the Cia. Nacional de Tecidos de Juta
Offices of the Rio Tramway, Light and Power Company
Warehouses &c. at the end of the Tunnel towards Wapping
Aerial Car reaching Summit of the Sugar Loaf
Gateway, Garden of the Gods, Colorado
Arizona Afterglow, After Painting by Fernand Lungren
Donner Party Cross near Donner Lake, Cal.
Map of Rio de Janeiro
International Hotel, Santa Thereza
The Olympian on Short Line Bridge, Between St. Paul and Minneapolis
Workshops of the Lloyd Brasileiro Steamship Company
Cow Creek Canyon
Near Liverpool, looking towards Manchester
Under the Wistaria Arbour
Front Cover
Back Cover
Horyuji - A Seven Century Temple near Nara
A Rich Display of Chrysanthemums
Cattete Palace
Humboldt Mountains, near Imlay, Nevada
Kittitas Valley, Wash.
Cajon Pass at the Summit of the Coast Range, California
Klamath Lake and Mt. McLoughlin
Juan Capistrano Mission, California
When the Cherry Blossom Blows, Uyeno Park, Tokyo
Cordoba (Tomado desde el camino de Coscomatepec)
Train Arriving at American, Cal.
Southern Pacific Lines
Gelt Bridge
San Francisco and Bay, Oakland, Berkeley and Alameda in Distance
Gaunabara Palace
South Suburban Rio - Ipanema
Mount Hood, from Lost Lake
A Model Dairy at Dixon, Cal.
Back Cover
Indian Building, Albuquerque, New Mexico
Entrance into Manchester across Water Street
In Apache Land, Arizona
Advertisement Map
Overlooking the Imperial Palace Moat
Dotombori - A Popular Amusement Quarter in Osaka
Castle Crags in Sacramento Canyon
Grand Canyon, Arizona, Looking Across From Yayapai Point
Scotswood Bridge
Yosemite Valley, California, General View from Artist's Point
The Royal Mail Steam Packet
The Brazilian Super-Dreadnought
Feudal Castle at Himeji


Map Name
Sights and Scenes in Fair Japan - General Map of the Government Railways in Japan (1910)
Album del Ferro-Carril Mexicano - Plano Orografico de la Zona Recorrida por el Ferro-Carril Mexicano de Veracruz a Mexico (1877)


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