History Archive Icon

History Archive


Railroads Collection

History Archive - Railroads Collection

Railroads played a large role in the development of the United States from the industrial revolution in the North-east (1810-1850) to the settlement of the West (1850-1890). The American railroad construction began with the founding of the first passenger and freight line by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1827.

With the "Laying of the First Stone" ceremonies the race to build railroads across the nation began. This long period of construction headed westward over the obstacles of the Appalachian Mountains eastern chain the following year of 1828, and flourished with continuous railway building projects for the next 45 years until the financial Panic of 1873 followed by a major economic depression bankrupted many companies and temporarily stymied and ended growth.

Although the antebellum South started early to build railways, it concentrated on short lines linking cotton regions to oceanic or river ports, and the absence of an interconnected network was a major handicap during the Civil War (1861-1865).

The North and Midwest constructed networks that linked every city by 1860 before the war. In the heavily settled Midwestern Corn Belt, over 80 percent of farms were within 5 miles (8 km) of a railway, facilitating the shipment of grain, hogs, and cattle to national and international markets.

A large number of short lines were built, but thanks to a fast developing financial system based on Wall Street and oriented to railway bonds, the majority were consolidated into 20 trunk lines by 1890. State and local governments often subsidized lines, but rarely owned them. The system was largely built by 1910

Available Books


Image Name
The Alvarado, Albuquerque, New Mexico
The Glories of Autumn in Japan
Viaduct across the Sankey Valley
The Cha no Yu or Tea Ceremony
Map of the Railways of Brazil
S.P. Steamer
Front Cover
Allerwash or Fourstones
Ministry of Traffic and Public Works
Residence of Senator Ruy Barboza
Entrance into Manchester across Water Street
Cow Creek Canyon
Humboldt Mountains, near Imlay, Nevada
Cumbres de Maltrata (desde la Hacienda del Encinal)
Huamantla (tomado desde el Puente de San Lucas)
Klamath Lake and Mt. McLoughlin
Cordoba (Tomado desde el camino de Coscomatepec)
A Glimpse of the Lake at Riberao das Lages
The Olympian Under Electric Operation in Montana Canyon
Title Page
Iris Garden near Tokyo
Haydon Bridge
Back Cover
Giant Gap, American River Canyon
The Temple of Kiyomidzu at Kyoto
Minnehaha Falls, Minneapolis, Minn.
Orange Grove near Colfax, Cal.
When the Cherry Blossom Blows, Uyeno Park, Tokyo
Illustrated Title Page
A Tea Plantation with Tea Pickers at Work
The Praca da Lapa and Praca da Gloria
Back Cover
Coaches &c. employed on the Railway. (No.1 The Northumbrian Steam-Engine &c. No. 2, 3 5 Carriages for Passengers. No. 4 Private Carriage. No. 6, 7 Carriages for Cattle)
The British Bank of South America
Ridley Hall, from near Bardon Mills
Virginia Street and Truckee River, Reno, Nevada
Source of the Missouri River, Three Forks, Mont.
Residence of Mr. Frank H. Walter, Petropolis
General Map of the Government Railways in Japan
Portland, Oregon, Mount Hood in Distance
Barranca de Metlac (I)
Plano Orografico de la Zona Recorrida por el Ferro-Carril Mexicano de Veracruz a Mexico
Prefecture of the Federal District
Prudhoe Castle and Ovingham
Kittitas Valley, Wash.
In the Grounds of the Nikko Temples
Mystic Maze of the Mojave Indians near Needles, California
Back Cover
Scotswood Bridge
Railway Office Liverpool
Dotombori - A Popular Amusement Quarter in Osaka
Cattete Palace
The Snowy Range near Trinidad, Colorado
Wetheral Bridge
Donner Lake from near Summit, Cal.
Puente de Metlac
Title Page
Moorish Arch looking from the Tunnel
Temple and Tabernacle, Salt Lake City, Utah
Yosemite Valley, California, General View from Artist's Point
Bird's-eye View of the ancient Carioca Viaduct
Ama no Hashidate - A Slender Bridge-Like Peninsula Bordered with Pines
The Botafogo Portion of Rio's Bay-side Avenue
Valle de Mexico (tomado desde el cerro del Risco)
Offices of the Rio Tramway, Light and Power Company
Residence of Dr. Pedro de Toledo
Redlands, California, View from Smiley Heights
Rose Hill, Gisland
The Ikebana or Flower Arrangement - One of the Aesthetic Arts of Japan
Feudal Castle at Himeji
Ferry Boat "Contra Costa"
Truckee River Dam, Nevada
Front Cover
Needles Mountains and Colorado River, California
Copocabana and Leme
A Rich Display of Chrysanthemums
The National Library
Rio Customs Wharf
Southern Pacific Lines
Wizard Island, Crater Lake
Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico
Bamboo Grove, Botanical Gardens
Mount Shasta from Point near Edgewood
Garden of the Itamaraty Palace
Map of Brazil with Railways
A Corner of the Hall of Honour, Cattete Palace
A View of Mt. Fuji (Height: 12,370 ft.)
Train Crossing the Sierra near Emigrant Gap
One of the Many Graceful Curves, Montana Canyon
Cajon Pass at the Summit of the Coast Range, California
One Type of Electric Locomotive
Bridge Over Columbia River, Beverly, Wash.
Terminus of the Central Railway of Brazil
Front View of Ferry Building, San Francisco
Loop Tunnels 14 and 15 in Siskiyou Mountains


Map Name
Sights and Scenes in Fair Japan - General Map of the Government Railways in Japan (1910)
Album del Ferro-Carril Mexicano - Plano Orografico de la Zona Recorrida por el Ferro-Carril Mexicano de Veracruz a Mexico (1877)


View All Topics
Sabalico Logo
Sabali Mail Logo
Domain Search Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website On Logo
Code Editor Logo
ASCII Table Logo
HTML Symbols Logo
Emoji Symbols Logo
Encode File Logo
Generator Password Logo
QR Code Generator Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Online Sign Logo
Dictionary Online Logo
Counter Word Logo
Text Convert Logo
Lorem Ipsum Generator Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Resize Image Logo
Image Compress Logo
Image Color Logo
Image Crop Logo
Combine Images Logo
Color Picker Logo
Color Convert Logo
CSS Gradient Logo
To-Do List Logo
Calendar Free Logo
Generator Meme Logo
Word Spinner Logo
Phone Country Logo
Sabalytics Logo
Senty Logo
World Map Logo
SEO Guide Logo
Keyword Tool Logo
What is my IP Logo
My Device Logo
My Browser Logo
My Location Logo
Time Zone Logo
Day Map Logo
My Weather Logo
My Galaxy Logo
The Moon Logo
Periodic Table Logo
rStatistics Logo
Unit Convert Logo
Data Convert Logo
Coordinate Converter Logo
Temperature Convert Logo
2020 Election Logo
Currency Convert Logo
Free Calculator Logo
Finance Calculator Logo
Loan Calculator Logo
Calculator Mortgage Logo
Stock Calculator Logo
Bond Calculator Logo
Tax Calculator Logo
Tip Calculator Logo
Gas Mileage Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo
History of Humanity - Mafia History Logo