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Panama-Pacific Exposition

Panama-Pacific Exposition Collection

History Archive - Panama-Pacific Exposition Collection

The Panama–Pacific International Exposition was a world's fair held in San Francisco, California, United States, from February 20 to December 4, 1915. Its stated purpose was to celebrate the completion of the Panama Canal, but it was widely seen in the city as an opportunity to showcase its recovery from the 1906 earthquake. The fair was constructed on a 636 acre (1 sq. mi., 2.6 km2) site along the northern shore, between the Presidio and Fort Mason, now known as the Marina District.

The centerpiece was the Tower of Jewels, which rose to 435 feet and was covered with over 100,000 cut glass Novagems. The ?3?4 to 2 inch colored "gems" sparkled in sunlight throughout the day and were illuminated by over 50 powerful electrical searchlights at night. In front of the Tower, the Fountain of Energy flowed at the center of the South Gardens, flanked by the Palace of Horticulture on the west and the Festival Hall to the east. The arch of the Tower served as the gateway to the Court of the Universe, leading to the Court of the Four Seasons to the west and the Court of Abundance to the east.

These courts formed the primary exhibit area for the fair, which included the Food Products Palace, the Education and Social Economy Palace, the Agriculture Palace, the Liberal Arts Palace, the Transportation Palace, the Manufacturers Palace, the Mines and Metallurgy Palace, and the Varied Industries Palace. The Machinery Palace, the largest hall, dominated the east end of the central court.

At the west end of central court group was the Palace of Fine Arts. Further west toward the bay down The Avenue of the Nations were national and states' buildings, displaying customs and products unique to the area represented. At the opposite end of the Fair, near Fort Mason was "The Zone", an avenue of popular amusements and concessions stands.

Available Books


Image Name
Front Cover
The California Building
Mount Shasta, 14,380 Feet High
Alcatraz Island and San Francisco Bay from the Exposition
Theosophical Institute, Point Loma
The Tower of Jewels and Calder's Fountain of Energy
Foreign and Domestic Industries Building from Botanical Gardens
A Section of the Court of the Four Seasons - Illuminated
Block Plan of the Exposition
Puente del Cabrillo
Palm Avenue
The Palace of Manufactures
Tower in Court of Abundance
The Fountain of Ceres, Entrance to Court of the Four Seasons
Typical Bit of Monterey Bay
An Exposition Audience, Great South Gardens
Reflections in the Large Lagoon
A Scene on Broadway
The Palace of Machinery
Breakers on the Coast at San Diego
Administration Avenue
Mullgardt's Tower, Court of Abundance
Pictorial Map of California
Fort Rosecrans
Bennington Monument
Mission San Diego,
The Palace of Pure Foods
Sphinx Head Cave, La Jolla
Tower in Court of Palms
Calder's Fountain of Energy - Illuminated
The Stadium
Mirror Lake in the Yosemite
Central Tower Illuminated
Title Page
Formal Gardens and Citrus Grove from Southern Countries Building
Back Cover
Easter Lilies in Mission Cliff Gardens
The Beach, Seal Rocks, Cliff House, San Francisco
Vista from State Buildings Plaza
U.S. Grant Hotel, facing Plaza Park
The End of the Trail
The Golden Gate from the Exposition
Winter and Summer Belts of Temperature
Mme. Schumann Heink at Home, Grossmont, near San Diego
The Passing of the Shoe
Feeding the Pigeons
The Passing of the Que
The Western Section of the Zone
Passing Point Loma, San Diego Bay
The Tower of Jewels - Illuminated
Pictorial Map of Panama Canal and Zone
Pictorial Map of the World
Back Cover
Pictorial Map of San Francisco
The California State Building
Stopped by the California Coast, 7,000 Miles from Asia
Front Cover
The Palace of Fine Arts
The Palace of Horticulture
Section of A Colonnade Palace of Fine Arts
The Palace of Varied Industries
Main Entrance Court of the Four Seasons - Illuminated
Festival Hall
The Palace of Liberal Arts and Calder's Fountain of Energy
Southern Europe in California - Old Spanish House, Monterery
Arch of the Rising Sun, Court of the Universe
Hotel del Coronado, Coronado
The Beach, Tent City, Coronado
A Corner in the Court of Abundance
Panorama of Exhibit Palaces from San Francisco Bay
An Afternoon Concert, Spreckel's Pipe Organ
Title Page
Plaza Park, showing L.J. Wilde Electric Fountain
The Palace of Education
The Torrey Pines
A Beautiful Drive in Balboa Park
A Section of the Esplanade
Santa Fe Depot
Front Cover
El Prado showing Canadian Building
San Francisco from Nob Hill
Architectural Adornments, Great South Gardens
Back Cover
Main Entrance Court of the Four Seasons
The Botanical Gardens, Panama-California Exposition
The Tower of Jewels and the Great South Gardens
Fountain of the Setting Sun Court of the Universe
The High School
The Bridge at Sunset Cliffs
Ramona's Marriage Place, Old Town
Yacht Harbor


Map Name
Panama-Pacific International Exposition - Pictorial Map of San Francisco (1913)
Panama-Pacific International Exposition - Winter and Summer Belts of Temperature (1913)
Panama-Pacific International Exposition - Pictorial Map of California (1913)
Panama-Pacific International Exposition - Pictorial Map of the World (1913)
Panama-Pacific International Exposition - Pictorial Map of Panama Canal and Zone (1913)


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