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Gardens Collection

History Archive - Gardens Collection

A garden is a word that comes from the old French "gardin", mod. Fr. jardin; this, like our words "garth," a paddock attached to a building, and "yard," comes from a Teutonic word for an enclosure which appears in Gothic as gards and O. H. Ger. gart, cf. Dutch gaarde and Ger. garten), the ground enclosed and cultivated for the growth of fruit, flowers or vegetables.

The word is also used for grounds laid out ornamentally, used as places of public entertainment. Such were the famous Ranelagh and Vauxhall Gardens in London; it is similarly used in zoological gardens, and as a name in towns for squares, terraces or streets. From the fact that Epicurus taught in the gardens at Athens, the disciples of his school of philosophy were known as οὶ άΠὸ τῶν κήΠων (so Diog. Laertius x. 10); and Cicero (De finibus v. i. 3, and elsewhere) speaks of the Horti Epicuri. Thus as the "Academy" refers to the Platonic and the "Porch" (ςτοά) to the Stoic school, so the "Garden" is the name given to the Epicurean school of philosophy. Apollodorus was known as κηΠοτὐραννος, the tyrant of the garden.

References:

1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 11. pg. 459.

Available Books

Images

Image Name
Front Cover
The Terrace Garden, Hoar Cross House
The River Horse Fountain, Enville
Rose Garden, Eton College
Title Page
The Rose Garden, Drakelowe
V. Evening in the Gardens of the Taj *
The Emperor of China's Palace at Pekin
Cypress Avenue, Quinta Stanford
The Kobai Plum Blossom
Illustrated Title Page
A Dutch Garden in Spring
XIII.The Anguri Bagh
St. George & the Dragon Fountain, Holkham
XIV. A Rajputana Garden
The Storks
The Parterre, Harewood House, near Leeds
XXXVIII. On the Way to the Shalimar*
The Herbaceous Border
IX. Floral Detail from the Taj Dado
Tulips in their Prime
Air Without Heat
Herbaceous Border, Villa Hvidore
Frederiksborg Castle
IV. The Garden was in all its Glory (Babar)
Back Cover
The Acropolis, from the Royal Palace, Athens
View in the Gardens at Westfield House, (Isle of Wight)
Irises
XII. The River Terrace of the Taj*
Plan of a Garden in one of the Island Palaces at Udaipur
Achibal Bagh (Plan of the two remaining Terraces)
An Iris Garden
XXIX. Autumn at Achibal*
The Rose Garden, Waxwell Farm, Pinner
Plum Blossom and Lanterns
The Time of the Plum Blossoms
The Villa Petraja, Florence
Birds Eye View of (Mon Plaisir) in the Garden at Elvaston Castle
The limpid Stream of the Fountain that encompasses the Rocks
Necessidades Palace, Lisbon
Lotus at Kodaiji
The Fountain of Diana, Versailles
Cherry-tree at Kyomidzu
"In emerald tufts, flowers purple, blue, and white,"
The Purple Bougainvillea
The Wistaria Bower, the Royal Palace, Athens
XXIV. The Nishat Bagh
The Mill, Sans Souci
Larkspurs of all Colours
The Dutch Garden, Moor Park
Wistaria, Kameido
A Group of Senecio
Fredensborg Castle, from the Marble Garden
Peach Blossom
Sunset, the Achilleion, Corfu
Barton Manor, Isle of Wight
Cinerarias, Achilleion, Corfu
Front Cover
The Rhododendron Dell
A Gay Garden
A Bulb House
XXXIV. Bharatpur Palace Garden
A Walled Garden
Lilinm Auratum
The Water like a Looking-Glass, and the Mountains like Clouds
In Queen's Cottage Gardens
Datura, Quinta Vigia
XXVIII. The Great Waterfall (Achibal Bagh)*
Title Page
Lotus at Kyomidzu
Back Cover
Back Cover
At Kitano Tenjin
The South Border
The Pink Cherry
Looking up the Thames
The Lake, looking South
The Pagoda, Kyomidzu
The Place for Thinking
A Chrysanthemum Garden
The Tsar's Church, Peterhof
The Queen's Cottage
The Garden by the Sea, Villa Hvidore
Palace Gardens, Het Loo
The Villa d'Este, Rome
Title Page
"Vista", in the Gardens at Teddesley
Azaleas, Awata
The Gate of the Plum Garden
The Rhododendron Walk
Shalimar Bagh (Kashmir)
The Peonies
XXXVI. The Garden-Palace of Deeg
Chrysanthemums, Kyoto
Plan of a Garden in one of the Island Palaces at Udaipur

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