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A garden is a word that comes from the old French "gardin", mod. Fr. jardin; this, like our words "garth," a paddock attached to a building, and "yard," comes from a Teutonic word for an enclosure which appears in Gothic as gards and O. H. Ger. gart, cf. Dutch gaarde and Ger. garten), the ground enclosed and cultivated for the growth of fruit, flowers or vegetables.

The word is also used for grounds laid out ornamentally, used as places of public entertainment. Such were the famous Ranelagh and Vauxhall Gardens in London; it is similarly used in zoological gardens, and as a name in towns for squares, terraces or streets. From the fact that Epicurus taught in the gardens at Athens, the disciples of his school of philosophy were known as οὶ άΠὸ τῶν κήΠων (so Diog. Laertius x. 10); and Cicero (De finibus v. i. 3, and elsewhere) speaks of the Horti Epicuri. Thus as the "Academy" refers to the Platonic and the "Porch" (ςτοά) to the Stoic school, so the "Garden" is the name given to the Epicurean school of philosophy. Apollodorus was known as κηΠοτὐραννος, the tyrant of the garden.

References:

1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 11. pg. 459.

Available Books

Images

Image Name
The Parterre, Harewood House, near Leeds
"The Parterre", Castle Howard
XXI.The Paradise Carpet
The Park, Sandringham
Front Cover
The Place for Thinking
The Drooping Cherry
The Rhododendron Walk
Wistaria, Kameido
Darwin Tulips
The Villa d'Este, Rome
Chrysanthemums, Kyoto
A January Moonrise, Golders Hill, Hampstead
Azaleas, Kyoto
Capo di Monte, Naples
Jackaranda Tree
Back Cover
The Way like the Herb Chi, and the Banks like the Clouds of Heaven
Roses, Santa Luzia
The Sunk Garden, the Vatican, Rome
Lower Terrace Garden, Worsley Hall.
Entrance to the Gardens, Ayscough Fee Hall
The Pagoda
The Trellis Window, Trentham Hall Gardens
The Lightning-Arch that sucks in the Water
V. Evening in the Gardens of the Taj *
The Palace Gardens, Het Loo
"Carmino," Falmouth
Drottningholm Castle
Schloss Friedrichshof
"The Alhambra Garden", Elvaston Castle
The Rose Garden, Drakelowe
The limpid Stream of the Fountain that encompasses the Rocks
Buckingham Palace
The Lake, Trentham Hall Gardens
The Dutch Garden, Moor Park
Bignonia Venusta
The Storks
The Dovecote, Stonelands, Sussex
The Sweet-Scented Water, and compleat Mountains
The Wistaria Bower, the Royal Palace, Athens
The Fountain of Diana, Versailles
Tulips in "The Garden of Peace"
XVI. A Roof Garden
The Pink Cherry
XXXVI. The Garden-Palace of Deeg
Villa Hvidore
Front Cover
The Palm House
Title Page
Upper and Lower Terrace Gardens, Bowood
Front Cover
Here are tulips for you white, for the bridal or the burial
The Vapour of the Earth Covers the Houses on the Mountains
Rhododendrons, Upper Pleasure Ground, Moor Park
Flower-Market, Haarlem
The Rose Garden, Friedrichshof
St. George & the Dragon Fountain, Holkham
The Villa Petraja, Florence
An Old Garden
Almond Blossom
The Garden of Cyrus
A Landscape Garden
VI.
The Pond, Wolfsgarten
Title Page
Red Aloes
The Berceau, Het Loo
The Royal Palace, Athens
Frederiksborg Castle
August at Holyrood House, Spalding
Azaleas, Quinta Ilheos
The Return of the Storks
Wild Hyacinths
Aloes and Daisy Tree
The Terrace Garden, Woburn Abbey
Title Page
Shalimar Bagh (Kashmir)
The Time of the Plum Blossoms
The Fountains, Peterhof
The Gate of the Plum Garden
The Pergola, Brantwood, Surbiton
Plan of a Garden in one of the Island Palaces at Udaipur
A Walled Garden
Spanish Irises
Lake Constance from Schloss Mainau
Cherry-tree at Kyomidzu
Front Cover
Plan of a Courtyard in the Maharaja's Palace at Udaipur
The Wild Garden in Spring
Air Without Heat
XXX. Flowers and Butterflies
XXXIX. The Pillar of Vishnu (Fatehpur Sikri)
Datura, Quinta Vigia
Sunset, the Achilleion, Corfu
The Open Door, Villa Hvidore

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