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Gardens Collection

History Archive - Gardens Collection

A garden is a word that comes from the old French "gardin", mod. Fr. jardin; this, like our words "garth," a paddock attached to a building, and "yard," comes from a Teutonic word for an enclosure which appears in Gothic as gards and O. H. Ger. gart, cf. Dutch gaarde and Ger. garten), the ground enclosed and cultivated for the growth of fruit, flowers or vegetables.

The word is also used for grounds laid out ornamentally, used as places of public entertainment. Such were the famous Ranelagh and Vauxhall Gardens in London; it is similarly used in zoological gardens, and as a name in towns for squares, terraces or streets. From the fact that Epicurus taught in the gardens at Athens, the disciples of his school of philosophy were known as οὶ άΠὸ τῶν κήΠων (so Diog. Laertius x. 10); and Cicero (De finibus v. i. 3, and elsewhere) speaks of the Horti Epicuri. Thus as the "Academy" refers to the Platonic and the "Porch" (ςτοά) to the Stoic school, so the "Garden" is the name given to the Epicurean school of philosophy. Apollodorus was known as κηΠοτὐραννος, the tyrant of the garden.


1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 11. pg. 459.

Available Books


Image Name
View in the Gardens of Eaton Hall
Back Cover
La Granja
Azaleas, Awata
The Fountains, Peterhof
XXIII. The Diwan-i-'Am (Shalimar Bagh)*
The Gloriette, Schonbrunn
XIX. Shah-Dara*
The Water-Lily Pond
Hyacinths scattered on the Sand like sapphire, pearl, and rich embroidery
Air Without Heat
Lower Terrace Garden, Worsley Hall.
XIV. A Rajputana Garden
Herbaceous Border, Villa Hvidore
An Iris Garden
A Paeony Garden
The Park, Fredensborg Castle
The Pond, Wolfsgarten
The Time of the Plum Blossoms
The Lake, looking South
Rhododendrons, Upper Pleasure Ground, Moor Park
Villa Hvidore
XXIX. Autumn at Achibal*
A Gay Garden
The great Rock and black Tree
The Herbaceous Border
Darwin Tulips
XXVIII. The Great Waterfall (Achibal Bagh)*
The Round Garden, Drakelowe
Back Cover
A Walled Garden
The Berceau, Het Loo
The Lake
The Rose Garden, Newtown House, Newbury
XXXIV. Bharatpur Palace Garden
Lilinm Auratum
In the Rock Garden
Rose Garden, Eton College
Title Page
Marlborough House
The many Rivers and Air that breathe from the Pine-Tree, its Partner
XXXII. Pinjor*
The Old Wistaria
"Carmino," Falmouth
Back Cover
The Poppy Beds
A Group of Senecio
The Promise of Spring
Azalea and Pine-tree
The Great Fountain, Enville Gardens
Wistaria, Kabata
Apple Trees
Frederiksborg Castle
Irises, Horikiri
The Terrace Garden, Woburn Abbey
The Gate of the Plum Garden
Front Cover
The Terrace Garden, Hoar Cross House
Entrance to the Gardens, Ayscough Fee Hall
Drottningholm Castle
The Greenhouse
The Villa d'Este, Rome
Poinsettia on the Mount Road
"Vista", in the Gardens at Teddesley
The Place for Thinking
Plan of a Garden in one of the Island Palaces at Udaipur
View from the Upper Terrace Walk, in the Gardens at Shrublands
"Whose leaves with their crimson glow Hide the heart that lies burning and black below"
The Water like a Looking-Glass, and the Mountains like Clouds
VIII. An Offering to Naga*
The Sweet-Scented Water, and compleat Mountains
Title Page
Delhi Palace before 1857
August at Holyrood House, Spalding
Back Cover
The Dahlia Border, Villa Hvidore
The Sundial, Woodside, Chenies
A January Moonrise, Golders Hill, Hampstead
The limpid Stream of the Fountain that encompasses the Rocks
Chateau Sofiero
The Mill, Sans Souci
The Scarlet Bougainvillea
XVII. The Diwan-i-Khas, Delhi*
The Rose Pergola, Achilleion, Corfu
Tulips in their Prime
Cherry Blossom, Chion-in Temple
Capo di Monte, Naples
Title Page
Viewing the Maples
Herbaceous Borders, Dingley Park
The Wild Garden in Spring
Fredensborg Castle, from the Marble Garden
Wistaria, Kyomidzu
Azaleas in a Portuguese Garden
The Palace, Christiania


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