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A garden is a word that comes from the old French "gardin", mod. Fr. jardin; this, like our words "garth," a paddock attached to a building, and "yard," comes from a Teutonic word for an enclosure which appears in Gothic as gards and O. H. Ger. gart, cf. Dutch gaarde and Ger. garten), the ground enclosed and cultivated for the growth of fruit, flowers or vegetables.

The word is also used for grounds laid out ornamentally, used as places of public entertainment. Such were the famous Ranelagh and Vauxhall Gardens in London; it is similarly used in zoological gardens, and as a name in towns for squares, terraces or streets. From the fact that Epicurus taught in the gardens at Athens, the disciples of his school of philosophy were known as οὶ άΠὸ τῶν κήΠων (so Diog. Laertius x. 10); and Cicero (De finibus v. i. 3, and elsewhere) speaks of the Horti Epicuri. Thus as the "Academy" refers to the Platonic and the "Porch" (ςτοά) to the Stoic school, so the "Garden" is the name given to the Epicurean school of philosophy. Apollodorus was known as κηΠοτὐραννος, the tyrant of the garden.

References:

1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 11. pg. 459.

Available Books

Images

Image Name
A Kentish Garden in Autumn
The Villa Petraja, Florence
La Granja
Achibal Bagh (Plan of the two remaining Terraces)
Lotus at Kodaiji
The Open Door, Villa Hvidore
Azaleas
The Menagerie, Schonbrunn
IV. The Garden was in all its Glory (Babar)
The Rose Garden, Waxwell Farm, Pinner
Chrysanthemums
"The Parterre", Castle Howard
Tulips in the "Garden of Peace"
Azaleas in a Portuguese Garden
August at Holyrood House, Spalding
Title Page
The Wild Garden in Spring
A Dutch Garden
The Rose Garden, Friedrichshof
Miramar
The Feast of the Cherry Blossoms
A Bulb House
The Mill, Sans Souci
Daffodils, Waxwell Farm, Pinner
The limpid Stream of the Fountain that encompasses the Rocks
XXXVI. The Garden-Palace of Deeg
The Wistaria Bower, the Royal Palace, Athens
The Gate of the Plum Garden
Frederiksborg Castle
View from the Upper Terrace Walk, in the Gardens at Shrublands
The Old Wistaria
The Parterre, Trentham Hall Gardens
XXVI. A Riverside Garden
The Trellis Window, Trentham Hall Gardens
The Lake, Trentham Hall Gardens
The Return of the Storks
Roses, Santa Luzia
"The Alhambra Garden", Elvaston Castle
II-III. Bagh-i-Vafa (The Garden of Fidelity)
Almond Blossom
Back Cover
The Berceau, Het Loo
The Garden of the Crown Prince's Palace, Athens
A Chrysanthemum Garden
The Lily Walk, Dingley Park
Lower Terrace Garden, Worsley Hall.
Wistaria, Santa Luzia
XXXIX. The Pillar of Vishnu (Fatehpur Sikri)
Bignonia Venusta
XXIX. Autumn at Achibal*
The Palm House
Front Cover
St. George & the Dragon Fountain, Holkham
A Landscape Garden
In an Old Garden
The Parterre, Harewood House, near Leeds
XII. The River Terrace of the Taj*
XX. A Princess at her Garden Gate
A Chapel Doorway
Illustrated Title Page
The Palace, Schonbrunn
Plan of the Garden-Palace of Deeg
Back Cover
Schloss zu Gmunden
The Dutch Garden, Kensington Palace
Barton Manor, Isle of Wight
The Emperor of China's Palace at Pekin
XXXII. Pinjor*
The Herbaceous Ground
Viewing the Maples
XXV. The Lower Pavilion (Nishat Bagh)*
The Moguls Throne
The Lightning-Arch that sucks in the Water
The Palace, Sans Souci
Buckingham Palace
The Palace, Peterhof
Lake Constance from Schloss Mainau
Dragon Fountain, in the Gardens at Eaton Hall
The Drooping Cherry
The Fountains, Peterhof
Larkspurs of all Colours
XXX. Flowers and Butterflies
Daffodils in a Middlesex Garden
Irises
The great Rock and black Tree
The Place for Thinking
Front Cover
Satake Garden, Tokyo
A Group of Senecio
The Rosary
The Promise of Spring
Pride of Madeira and Daisies
Back Cover
The Time of the Plum Blossoms
Fredensborg Castle, from the Marble Garden
The Ruined Arch

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