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A garden is a word that comes from the old French "gardin", mod. Fr. jardin; this, like our words "garth," a paddock attached to a building, and "yard," comes from a Teutonic word for an enclosure which appears in Gothic as gards and O. H. Ger. gart, cf. Dutch gaarde and Ger. garten), the ground enclosed and cultivated for the growth of fruit, flowers or vegetables.

The word is also used for grounds laid out ornamentally, used as places of public entertainment. Such were the famous Ranelagh and Vauxhall Gardens in London; it is similarly used in zoological gardens, and as a name in towns for squares, terraces or streets. From the fact that Epicurus taught in the gardens at Athens, the disciples of his school of philosophy were known as οὶ άΠὸ τῶν κήΠων (so Diog. Laertius x. 10); and Cicero (De finibus v. i. 3, and elsewhere) speaks of the Horti Epicuri. Thus as the "Academy" refers to the Platonic and the "Porch" (ςτοά) to the Stoic school, so the "Garden" is the name given to the Epicurean school of philosophy. Apollodorus was known as κηΠοτὐραννος, the tyrant of the garden.

References:

1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 11. pg. 459.

Available Books

Images

Image Name
The Lily Walk, Dingley Park
"In emerald tufts, flowers purple, blue, and white,"
XX. A Princess at her Garden Gate
Herbaceous Border, Villa Hvidore
The Figure of Heaven is all delightful
Hyacinth Flowers going to Market
Front Cover
The Purple Bougainvillea
The Pond, Wolfsgarten
XXXIX. The Pillar of Vishnu (Fatehpur Sikri)
XXXII. Pinjor*
Irises
An Hydrangea Bush
The Dutch Garden, Moor Park
Azaleas, Quinta Ilheos
The Lightning-Arch that sucks in the Water
The Lake, looking South
The Poppy Beds
The Magnolia Tree, Aranjuez
The limpid Stream of the Fountain that encompasses the Rocks
XXXVII. The Marble Swing (Deeg)
Azaleas, Het Loo
A Sheltered Garden
Poinsettia on the Mount Road
The Dovecote, Stonelands, Sussex
The Western Mountain, or View of the Clouds that attend the Rising Sun
A Dovecot in a Sussex Garden
Chateau Sofiero
The Pergola, Brantwood, Surbiton
The Palace, Peterhof
Viewing the Plum Blossoms
Back Cover
Front Cover
View in the Gardens at Alton Towers
Wild Hyacinths
XXXV. The Lilac Terrace (Nishat Bagh)*
At Kitano Tenjin
Pride of Madeira and Peach Blossom
XXVI. A Riverside Garden
The Rose Garden, Waxwell Farm, Pinner
Back Cover
Spanish Irises
Chrysanthemums, Kyoto
In the Italian Garden
A Bulb Farm near Overveen
Dragon Fountain, in the Gardens at Eaton Hall
Back Cover
Daffodils in a Middlesex Garden
Title Page
The Menagerie, Schonbrunn
Title Page
A London Garden in August
The Gate of the Plum Garden
"Whose leaves with their crimson glow Hide the heart that lies burning and black below"
The Palace, Christiania
The Palace
Marlborough House
XII. The River Terrace of the Taj*
The Palm Trees and Main Gate
The Garden by the Sea, Villa Hvidore
A Crocus Field
The Ruined Arch
Wild Flowers in the Beech Woods
Schloss zu Gmunden
Tulips in "The Garden of Peace"
"They spring, they bud, they blossome fresh and faire, and decke the world with their rich pompous showes"
XXVIII. The Great Waterfall (Achibal Bagh)*
A Paeony Garden
Roses, Santa Luzia
View in the Gardens of Eaton Hall
A Dutch Garden in Spring
Delhi Palace before 1857
The Water like a Looking-Glass, and the Mountains like Clouds
XI. The Sultana's Fountain Bath (Jasmine Tower)
XIII.The Anguri Bagh
Plan of a Courtyard in the Maharaja's Palace at Udaipur
VI.
The Rose Garden, Drakelowe
IV. The Garden was in all its Glory (Babar)
VIII. An Offering to Naga*
The Pagoda, Kyomidzu
XXX. Flowers and Butterflies
Title Page
The Rose Garden, Friedrichshof
The Parterre, Harewood House, near Leeds
II-III. Bagh-i-Vafa (The Garden of Fidelity)
The "Berceau," Het Loo
Miramar
The Rhododendron Dell
X. The Gates were as of Pearl*
Spalding Parish Church, from the Lake Garden, Ayscough Fee Hall
Title Page
Wistaria, Kameido
Lotus at Kyomidzu
The Rosary
Chrysanthemums

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