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Gardens

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History Archive - Gardens Collection

A garden is a word that comes from the old French "gardin", mod. Fr. jardin; this, like our words "garth," a paddock attached to a building, and "yard," comes from a Teutonic word for an enclosure which appears in Gothic as gards and O. H. Ger. gart, cf. Dutch gaarde and Ger. garten), the ground enclosed and cultivated for the growth of fruit, flowers or vegetables.

The word is also used for grounds laid out ornamentally, used as places of public entertainment. Such were the famous Ranelagh and Vauxhall Gardens in London; it is similarly used in zoological gardens, and as a name in towns for squares, terraces or streets. From the fact that Epicurus taught in the gardens at Athens, the disciples of his school of philosophy were known as οὶ άΠὸ τῶν κήΠων (so Diog. Laertius x. 10); and Cicero (De finibus v. i. 3, and elsewhere) speaks of the Horti Epicuri. Thus as the "Academy" refers to the Platonic and the "Porch" (ςτοά) to the Stoic school, so the "Garden" is the name given to the Epicurean school of philosophy. Apollodorus was known as κηΠοτὐραννος, the tyrant of the garden.

References:

1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 11. pg. 459.

Available Books

Images

Image Name
Title Page
Title Page
"The Parterre", Castle Howard
The Rose Garden, Friedrichshof
A Dovecot in a Sussex Garden
Fredensborg Castle, from the Marble Garden
"Whose leaves with their crimson glow Hide the heart that lies burning and black below"
The Colonnade, Alton Gardens
The Clock Tower, Wolfsgarten
The Rose Pergola, Achilleion, Corfu
XXIV. The Nishat Bagh
The Rose Garden, Drakelowe
The Royal Palace, Athens
Jackaranda Tree
The Park, Sandringham
Cherry-tree at Kyomidzu
A Bulb-Grower's Garden
"When Spring unlocks the flowers to paint the laughing soil"
The Palace, Sans Souci
XXXIII. A Zenana Garden
"In emerald tufts, flowers purple, blue, and white,"
Air Without Heat
A Surrey Cottage
View in the Gardens at Westfield House, (Isle of Wight)
Spanish Irises
Lake Constance from Schloss Mainau
Chrysanthemums
A Boatload of Fragrance
A Drinking Fountain
Viewing the Maples
XIII.The Anguri Bagh
The Villa Petraja, Florence
The Palace
XXV. The Lower Pavilion (Nishat Bagh)*
Back Cover
Hyacinth Flowers going to Market
Miramar
A Paradise
Tulips in "The Garden of Peace"
The Azaleas
A Buddhist Shrine
The Parterre, in the Gardens at Wilton
In the Italian Garden
Tulips in the "Garden of Peace"
Wistaria, Quinta da Levada
The Emperor of China's Palace at Pekin
La Granja
The Rose Garden, Nuneham
Title Page
White Cherry at Kitano
The River Horse Fountain, Enville
Title Page
The Water-Lily Pond
Front Cover
The Palace, Schonbrunn
Back Cover
Torch Lily and Hollyhocks
Satake Garden, Tokyo
Spalding Parish Church, from the Lake Garden, Ayscough Fee Hall
View in the Gardens of Eaton Hall
Wistaria in a Kyoto Garden
Front Cover
The Way like the Herb Chi, and the Banks like the Clouds of Heaven
Birds Eye View of (Mon Plaisir) in the Garden at Elvaston Castle
Cinerarias, Achilleion, Corfu
View from the Rustic Seat, Shrublands
St. George & the Dragon Fountain, Holkham
The Lake, Trentham Hall Gardens
The Place for Thinking
The Parterre, Trentham Hall Gardens
Tulips in their Prime
XXIII. The Diwan-i-'Am (Shalimar Bagh)*
The Church, Sandringham
Palace Gardens, Het Loo
Cypress Avenue, Quinta Stanford
Front Cover
Bignonia Venusta
Lilies on the Rocks, Atami
The Park, Fredensborg Castle
Aranjuez
The Sweet-Scented Water, and compleat Mountains
The Western Mountain, or View of the Clouds that attend the Rising Sun
The Weald of Kent, showing the Country like a Patchwork Quilt
Back Cover
Necessidades Palace, Lisbon
The Covered Way to the Chapel, Laeken
Wistaria, Kabata
The Return of the Storks
The Pergola, Brantwood, Surbiton
Back Cover
The Pagoda, Kyomidzu
Almond Blossom
The Shining of the Sun on the limpid Waters
"They spring, they bud, they blossome fresh and faire, and decke the world with their rich pompous showes"
The Menagerie, Schonbrunn
Hyacinths scattered on the Sand like sapphire, pearl, and rich embroidery

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