History Archive Icon

History Archive

Atlases

History Archive - Random Box Icon History Archive - Regions Icon History Archive - Topics Icon History Archive - Images Icon History Archive - Maps Icon History Archive - Books Icon

Atlases Collection

History Archive - Atlases Collection

An atlas is a collection of maps; it is typically a bundle of maps of Earth or a region of Earth. Atlases have traditionally been bound into book form, but today many atlases are in multimedia formats.

In addition to presenting geographic features and political boundaries, many atlases often feature geopolitical, social, religious and economic statistics. They also have information about the map and places in it like cities and geographical features.

The use of the word atlas in a geographical context dates from 1595 when the German-Flemish geographer Gerardus Mercator published Atlas Sive Cosmographicae Meditationes de Fabrica Mundi et Fabricati Figura. (Atlas or cosmographical meditations upon the creation of the universe, and the universe as created.)

This title provides Mercator's definition of the word as a description of the creation and form of the whole universe, not simply as a collection of maps. The volume that was published posthumously one year after his death is a wide-ranging text but, as the editions evolved, it became simply a collection of maps and it is in that sense that the word was used from the middle of the seventeenth century. The neologism coined by Mercator was a mark of his respect for the Titan, Atlas, the "King of Mauretania", whom he considered to be the first great geographer.

The first work that contained systematically arranged woodcut maps of uniform size, published in a book, thus representing the first modern atlas is conventionally awarded to the Flemish cartographer Abraham Ortelius who in 1570 published the collection of maps Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Other major atlases include Atlas Maior by Joan Blaeu as well as many more.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 2. pg 858

Available Books

Book Title Date
Atlases - A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies 1690
Atlases - A Literary & Historical Atlas of Africa and Australasia A Literary & Historical Atlas of Africa and Australasia 1913
Atlases - A Literary & Historical Atlas of America A Literary & Historical Atlas of America 1911
Atlases - A Literary & Historical Atlas of Asia A Literary & Historical Atlas of Asia 1912
Atlases - A Literary & Historical Atlas of Europe A Literary & Historical Atlas of Europe 1910
Atlases - A System of Geography A System of Geography 1701
Atlases - An Atlas of Economic Geography An Atlas of Economic Geography 1914
Atlases - An Historical Atlas An Historical Atlas 1830
Atlases - Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of the United States of America Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of the United States of America 1889
Atlases - Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of the World Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of the World 1889
Atlases - Atlas de Battista Agnese Atlas de Battista Agnese 1544
Atlases - Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 1854
Atlases - Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 2 Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 2 1854
Atlases - Atlas do Imperio do Brazil Atlas do Imperio do Brazil 1868
Atlases - Atlas Geografico das Provincias do Reino de Portugal Atlas Geografico das Provincias do Reino de Portugal 1843
Atlases - Atlas Geografico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos Atlas Geografico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos 1897
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 1 Atlas Geographus Vol. 1 1711
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 2 Atlas Geographus Vol. 2 1711
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 3 Atlas Geographus Vol. 3 1712
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 4 Atlas Geographus Vol. 4 1714
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 5 Atlas Geographus Vol. 5 1721
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 1 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 1 1665
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 2 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 2 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 3 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 3 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 4 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 4 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 5 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 5 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 6 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 6 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 7 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 7 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 8 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 8 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 9 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 9 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 10 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 10 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 11 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 11 1662
Atlases - Atlas Manuale Atlas Manuale 1723
Atlases - Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts 1672
Atlases - Atlas Minor Atlas Minor 1736
Atlases - Atlas National Illustre Atlas National Illustre 1856
Atlases - Atlas Novus sive Tabulae Geographicae Atlas Novus sive Tabulae Geographicae 1730
Atlases - Atlas of Commercial Geography Atlas of Commercial Geography 1889
Atlases - Atlas of Meteorology Atlas of Meteorology 1899
Atlases - Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land 1915
Atlases - Atlas of the Union and Confederate Armies Atlas of the Union and Confederate Armies 1891
Atlases - Atlas of the World's Commerce Atlas of the World's Commerce 1907
Atlases - Atlas of Zoogeography Atlas of Zoogeography 1911
Atlases - Atlas Pintoresco e Historico De Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos Atlas Pintoresco e Historico De Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos 1885
Atlases - Atlas sive Cosmographicae Atlas sive Cosmographicae 1595
Atlases - Kitab-ı Bahriye [Book of Navigation] Kitab-ı Bahriye [Book of Navigation] 1525
Atlases - Cartes et Tables de la Geographie Physique ou Naturelle Cartes et Tables de la Geographie Physique ou Naturelle 1757
Atlases - Cassell's Atlas Cassell's Atlas 1909
Atlases - Catalan Atlas Catalan Atlas 1375
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 1572
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 1575
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 1581
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 1588
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 1596
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 1617
Atlases - Colton's Illustrated Cabinet Atlas Colton's Illustrated Cabinet Atlas 1859
Atlases - Considerations Geographiques et Physiques sur les Nouvelles Decouvertes Considerations Geographiques et Physiques sur les Nouvelles Decouvertes 1753
Atlases - Constable's Hand Atlas of India Constable's Hand Atlas of India 1893
Atlases - Cosmographia Cosmographia 1460
Atlases - Cosmographie Universelle Cosmographie Universelle 1555
Atlases - La Descripcion de Espana y de las Costas y Puertos de sus Reinos La Descripcion de Espana y de las Costas y Puertos de sus Reinos 1634
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 1 Description de l'Univers Vol. 1 1683
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 2 Description de l'Univers Vol. 2 1683
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 3 Description de l'Univers Vol. 3 1683
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 4 Description de l'Univers Vol. 4 1683
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 5 Description de l'Univers Vol. 5 1683
Atlases - Geographia Antiqua Latinorum et Graecorum Geographia Antiqua Latinorum et Graecorum 1721
Atlases - Geographia Atlas do Brazil e das Cinco Partes do Mundo Geographia Atlas do Brazil e das Cinco Partes do Mundo 1912
Atlases - Geologisch-Topographischer Atlas von Neu-Seeland Geologisch-Topographischer Atlas von Neu-Seeland 1863
Atlases - Handy Reference Atlas of the World Handy Reference Atlas of the World 1904
Atlases - Huntington's School Atlas Huntington's School Atlas 1836
Atlases - Islario General de Todas las Islas del Mundo Islario General de Todas las Islas del Mundo 1550
Atlases - Klencke Atlas Klencke Atlas 1660
Atlases - Les Premieres Oeuvres de Jacques deVaulx Les Premieres Oeuvres de Jacques deVaulx 1583
Atlases - Les Premieres Oeuvres de Jacques Devaulx Les Premieres Oeuvres de Jacques Devaulx 1584
Atlases - Liber Insularum Arcipelagi Liber Insularum Arcipelagi 1470
Atlases - Liber Insularum Cycladum Liber Insularum Cycladum 1422
Atlases - [Manuscript Wall Map of the World] [Manuscript Wall Map of the World] 1587
Atlases - Map of the British Empire in America Map of the British Empire in America 1746
Atlases - Mercator's Letter to John Dee Mercator's Letter to John Dee 1577
Atlases - Miller Atlas Miller Atlas 1519
Atlases - Miniature Atlas and Gazetteer of the World Miniature Atlas and Gazetteer of the World 1892
Atlases - Mitchell's New General Atlas Mitchell's New General Atlas 1861
Atlases - Orbis Terrestris Descriptio Orbis Terrestris Descriptio 1550
Atlases - Porte-Feuille Geographique et Ethnographique [Atlas] Porte-Feuille Geographique et Ethnographique [Atlas] 1820
Atlases - Royal Relief Atlas of All Parts of the World Royal Relief Atlas of All Parts of the World 1881
Atlases - Speculum Orbis Terrae Speculum Orbis Terrae 1593
Atlases - Taboas Geraes de Toda a Navegação Taboas Geraes de Toda a Navegação 1630
Atlases - The American Atlas The American Atlas 1776
Atlases - The Atlas of Physical Geography The Atlas of Physical Geography 1850
Atlases - The Citizen's Atlas of the World The Citizen's Atlas of the World 1912
Atlases - The Compleat Geographer The Compleat Geographer 1723
Atlases - The Excursion of the One Who Yearns to Penetrate the Horizons The Excursion of the One Who Yearns to Penetrate the Horizons 1300
Atlases - The Graphic Atlas and Gazetteer of the World The Graphic Atlas and Gazetteer of the World 1892
Atlases - The Graphic Atlas of the World The Graphic Atlas of the World 1910
Atlases - The Illustrated Atlas The Illustrated Atlas 1851
Atlases - The Library Reference Atlas of the World The Library Reference Atlas of the World 1890
Atlases - The Pocket Atlas of the World The Pocket Atlas of the World 1887
Atlases - The Royal Atlas & Gazetteer of Australasia The Royal Atlas & Gazetteer of Australasia 1890
Atlases - The Royal Illustrated Atlas The Royal Illustrated Atlas 1872
Atlases - The Sea-Atlas The Sea-Atlas 1705
Atlases - The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain 1676
Atlases - The West-India Atlas The West-India Atlas 1775
Atlases - The World-Wide Atlas of Modern Geography The World-Wide Atlas of Modern Geography 1903
Atlases - Theatrum Ichnographicum Omnium Urbium Theatrum Ichnographicum Omnium Urbium 1700
Atlases - Theatrum Orbis Terrarum Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 1570
Atlases - Vallard Atlas Vallard Atlas 1547
Atlases - Yaggy's Geographical Portfolio Yaggy's Geographical Portfolio 1893

Images

Image Name
Una Tertulia en 1840 (Santiago)
Candia
Noviomagivm Vulgo Nymmegen
Southern Africa and southwest Indian Ocean
Asia
III.me Table de la geographie Physique
Daniæ regni [I]
Natural History Plate
Regni Neapolitani
Natural History Plate
Dept. De L'Isere
Germania
Inde orientale
66) China
Holland and Belgium
10) Mohilla, Mayolla, Joanna
Dept. Du Calvados
Natural History Plate
Norhamtonshire
North America, East Coast
Zurych
Theatri Praecipvarvm Totivs Mvndi Vrbivs Liber Sextvs
Leopolis
Segeberga
Soest
Dept. De La Hte. Vienne
Aracuanos
Hierosolyma Vrbs Sancta
Natural History Plate
Back Cover
Dept. De La Hte. Garonn
A.D. 1551. At The Death Of Charles V.
Prussia
Provincias de Talca y de Colchaqua
Northern and Central Germany
Staden
Back Cover
Nocerra et Castel Novo 1577
Diego Portales [Chilean Minister of the Interior]
Natural History Plate
Seravalli
Bardewick 1588
Carte du Dannemarck
Ancient Palestine
Flissinga
Natural History Plate
Dotis
Lympvrch
81) Sumatra, Banca [II]
A chart of the Maes and Wielingen -- The coast of Holland between the Maes and Texel
Natural History Plate
Pourtour de la mer noire
Palestinae Sive Totius Terrae
Natural History Plate
Dept. Du Gard
Vista del Pico de Aconcaqua (Sacada de los Altos de Valparaiso)
Atlantic Ocean with coast of Africa and Brazil
Arx Premislia Celebris Rvssiae Civitas
Surrey
Natural History Plate
Iaverinvm Vulgo Rab 1594
Mexico y Sus Cercanias
A chart of Flanders between Calis and Walcheren
Anglia [III]
Dept. Du Nord
28) The Riseing of the Land as it Appeareth to the Eye
Divisions de la Terre de Chanaan ou Terre Promise
Marpvrg Cassel
Namvrcvm 1575
Natural History Plate
Livonia
Natural History Plate
A.D. 1660. At The Restoration Of The Stuarts.
Insularum Aliquot Maris Mediterranei Descriptio
Natural History Plate
Dovay
Natural History Plate
Chili and La Plata
79) Sumatra, Straghts of Sunda, Java
Provincia de Coquimbo
Matiscona 1580 Cabillinvm Indigenis Chalon
Mer de l'Inde orientale II
Castanowiz 1617
Strigonivm Gran 1595
[1] Map of Oceanica Exhibiting It's Various Divisions Island Groups &c. [2] Map of the Sandwich Islands [Hawaii]
Gades Ab Occidvis Insvlae Partibvs 1564 Harbor Of Cadiz Inset
Natural History Plate
Dept. De Siene et Marne
Carta Historica y Arqueologica
Natural History Plate
Eschwege et Fritzlar
Provincia de Aconcaqua
Europe
Santander
United States - North Central Section
Shropshyre

Maps

Map Name
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Staden (1596)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - Map of the Austrian Empire, Italian States, Turkey in Europe and Greece (1861)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Lithuania (1595)
Vallard Atlas - Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Persian Gulf (1547)
Atlas Pintoresco e Historico De Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos - Vias de Comunicacion y Movimiento Maritimo (1885)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - World on Mercator's Projection (1872)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Kent (1676)
The Illustrated Atlas - Brighton (1851)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Palanka Superioris Hungariae Civitatas (1617)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - Asia (1872)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Cordvba (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Tshertogenbosch Loeven Machelen (1572)
Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts - A chart of the Brittish chanel (1672)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 - Rimini (1588)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Valenchiennes (1581)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Venetia (1572)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Petrina (1617)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Moha, the Red Sea (1690)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Aden Mombaza Qviloa Cefala (1572)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - Map of Louisiana, Mississippi and Arkansas (1861)
The Illustrated Atlas - Dublin (1851)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. De L'Aude (1856)
The Illustrated Atlas - Ceylon (1851)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - Arctic Regions (1872)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Anfa Qvibsdam Anafea Azaamvrvm Div Goa (1572)
Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 - Provincia de Chloe (1854)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - British Possessions on the North East Coast of South America (1872)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. De La Sarthe (1856)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Nvrnberg Vlm Saltzbvrg Lindaw (1572)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Newe Mape of Poland (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Countie of Radnor (1676)
The Illustrated Atlas - Overland Route to India (1851)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - S. Lorinso [II] (1690)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Barcelona et Ectia (1572)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Orleans and Bovrges (1575)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Basilea (1575)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Scotia [III] (1595)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Comarin (1690)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Borneo, Celebes (1690)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - Central America (1872)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Saltset Island, Bombay Island, Coronia (1690)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Bvda Citerioris Hvngariae (1617)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - Plan of Boston (1861)
Taboas Geraes de Toda a Navegação - Zambezia and Surrounding Regions (1630)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Alhambre 1564 Insets Porta Castri Granatensis Semper Clausa Masmoros et Algibe (1596)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Malabar (1690)
The Illustrated Atlas - Denmark (1851)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Brightstowe (1581)
Vallard Atlas - Adriatic Sea (1547)
Cosmographie Universelle - Terre du Perou [I] (1555)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. De Cher (1856)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Bilvao (1575)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Worcestershire (1676)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Zolnock Superioris Hungariae Civitas (1617)
Cosmographie Universelle - Grande et Petite Jave [I] (1555)
An Historical Atlas - B.C. 301. Exhibiting The Partition Of The Empire Of Alexander. (1830)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. Du Calvados (1856)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 - Palermo (1588)
Huntington's School Atlas - Oceania and Comparative N. America and Asia (1836)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Traejectvm (1572)
Huntington's School Atlas - Africa and the Atlantic Ocean (1836)
The Illustrated Atlas - The World on Mercator's Projection (1851)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Wight Island (1676)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Brandenburg (1595)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Civitas Francofordiana Ad Moe (1572)
Vallard Atlas - Terra Java (1547)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Caletensium / Verom. (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Lakii Lacus Vulgo Terretorii Romani Descrip Fori Iulii (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Portugalliae (1570)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Moscovia Vrbs Metropolis Totius Russiae Albae (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Tricaricvm Basilicatae Civitas (1617)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Kingdome of Denmarke (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Regni Neapolitani (1570)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 - Iervsalem Bottom (1588)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Austriae (1570)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - [1] Map of Oceanica Exhibiting It's Various Divisions Island Groups &c. [2] Map of the Sandwich Islands [Hawaii] (1861)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - Ports and Harbours on the South East Coast of England (1872)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Algerii Saracenorum Vrbis Fortissimae (1575)
Taboas Geraes de Toda a Navegação - Holland (1630)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Fribergvm Misinae (1575)
The Illustrated Atlas - Boston (1851)
The Illustrated Atlas - Africa (1851)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Misena Hermvndvrorvm Vrbs (1575)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Sanctonicolavm (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Saintes 1560 (1596)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Praga Regni Bohemiae Metropolis (1596)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. De Lyonne (1856)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. Du Morbihan (1856)
Atlas Pintoresco e Historico De Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos - Carta Eclesiastica (1885)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Cairus Quae Olim Babylon (1572)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Barkshire (1676)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 - Stockholm Stocholm Donabat Huic Operi Hieronymus Scholeus (1588)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Celebes, Java (1690)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Pvteoli and Baiae (1575)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Emvda Vulgo Embden (1575)
Atlas National Illustre - Colonies Francaises (en Afrique) (1856)

Topics

View All Topics
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo
History of Humanity - Mafia History Logo