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Atlases

Atlases Collection

History Archive - Atlases Collection

An atlas is a collection of maps; it is typically a bundle of maps of Earth or a region of Earth. Atlases have traditionally been bound into book form, but today many atlases are in multimedia formats.

In addition to presenting geographic features and political boundaries, many atlases often feature geopolitical, social, religious and economic statistics. They also have information about the map and places in it like cities and geographical features.

The use of the word atlas in a geographical context dates from 1595 when the German-Flemish geographer Gerardus Mercator published Atlas Sive Cosmographicae Meditationes de Fabrica Mundi et Fabricati Figura. (Atlas or cosmographical meditations upon the creation of the universe, and the universe as created.)

This title provides Mercator's definition of the word as a description of the creation and form of the whole universe, not simply as a collection of maps. The volume that was published posthumously one year after his death is a wide-ranging text but, as the editions evolved, it became simply a collection of maps and it is in that sense that the word was used from the middle of the seventeenth century. The neologism coined by Mercator was a mark of his respect for the Titan, Atlas, the "King of Mauretania", whom he considered to be the first great geographer.

The first work that contained systematically arranged woodcut maps of uniform size, published in a book, thus representing the first modern atlas is conventionally awarded to the Flemish cartographer Abraham Ortelius who in 1570 published the collection of maps Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Other major atlases include Atlas Maior by Joan Blaeu as well as many more.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 2. pg 858

Available Books

Book Title Date
Atlases - A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies 1690
Atlases - A Literary & Historical Atlas of Africa and Australasia A Literary & Historical Atlas of Africa and Australasia 1913
Atlases - A Literary & Historical Atlas of America A Literary & Historical Atlas of America 1911
Atlases - A Literary & Historical Atlas of Asia A Literary & Historical Atlas of Asia 1912
Atlases - A Literary & Historical Atlas of Europe A Literary & Historical Atlas of Europe 1910
Atlases - A System of Geography A System of Geography 1701
Atlases - An Atlas of Economic Geography An Atlas of Economic Geography 1914
Atlases - An Historical Atlas An Historical Atlas 1830
Atlases - Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of the United States of America Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of the United States of America 1889
Atlases - Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of the World Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of the World 1889
Atlases - Atlas de Battista Agnese Atlas de Battista Agnese 1544
Atlases - Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 1854
Atlases - Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 2 Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 2 1854
Atlases - Atlas do Imperio do Brazil Atlas do Imperio do Brazil 1868
Atlases - Atlas Geografico das Provincias do Reino de Portugal Atlas Geografico das Provincias do Reino de Portugal 1843
Atlases - Atlas Geografico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos Atlas Geografico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos 1897
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 1 Atlas Geographus Vol. 1 1711
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 2 Atlas Geographus Vol. 2 1711
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 3 Atlas Geographus Vol. 3 1712
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 4 Atlas Geographus Vol. 4 1714
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 5 Atlas Geographus Vol. 5 1721
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 1 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 1 1665
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 2 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 2 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 3 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 3 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 4 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 4 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 5 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 5 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 6 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 6 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 7 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 7 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 8 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 8 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 9 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 9 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 10 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 10 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 11 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 11 1662
Atlases - Atlas Manuale Atlas Manuale 1723
Atlases - Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts 1672
Atlases - Atlas Minor Atlas Minor 1736
Atlases - Atlas National Illustre Atlas National Illustre 1856
Atlases - Atlas Novus sive Tabulae Geographicae Atlas Novus sive Tabulae Geographicae 1730
Atlases - Atlas of Commercial Geography Atlas of Commercial Geography 1889
Atlases - Atlas of Meteorology Atlas of Meteorology 1899
Atlases - Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land 1915
Atlases - Atlas of the Union and Confederate Armies Atlas of the Union and Confederate Armies 1891
Atlases - Atlas of the World's Commerce Atlas of the World's Commerce 1907
Atlases - Atlas of Zoogeography Atlas of Zoogeography 1911
Atlases - Atlas Pintoresco e Historico De Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos Atlas Pintoresco e Historico De Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos 1885
Atlases - Atlas sive Cosmographicae Atlas sive Cosmographicae 1595
Atlases - Kitab-ı Bahriye [Book of Navigation] Kitab-ı Bahriye [Book of Navigation] 1525
Atlases - Cartes et Tables de la Geographie Physique ou Naturelle Cartes et Tables de la Geographie Physique ou Naturelle 1757
Atlases - Cassell's Atlas Cassell's Atlas 1909
Atlases - Catalan Atlas Catalan Atlas 1375
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 1572
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 1575
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 1581
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 1588
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 1596
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 1617
Atlases - Colton's Illustrated Cabinet Atlas Colton's Illustrated Cabinet Atlas 1859
Atlases - Considerations Geographiques et Physiques sur les Nouvelles Decouvertes Considerations Geographiques et Physiques sur les Nouvelles Decouvertes 1753
Atlases - Constable's Hand Atlas of India Constable's Hand Atlas of India 1893
Atlases - Cosmographia Cosmographia 1460
Atlases - Cosmographie Universelle Cosmographie Universelle 1555
Atlases - La Descripcion de Espana y de las Costas y Puertos de sus Reinos La Descripcion de Espana y de las Costas y Puertos de sus Reinos 1634
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 1 Description de l'Univers Vol. 1 1683
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 2 Description de l'Univers Vol. 2 1683
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 3 Description de l'Univers Vol. 3 1683
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 4 Description de l'Univers Vol. 4 1683
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 5 Description de l'Univers Vol. 5 1683
Atlases - Geographia Antiqua Latinorum et Graecorum Geographia Antiqua Latinorum et Graecorum 1721
Atlases - Geographia Atlas do Brazil e das Cinco Partes do Mundo Geographia Atlas do Brazil e das Cinco Partes do Mundo 1912
Atlases - Geologisch-Topographischer Atlas von Neu-Seeland Geologisch-Topographischer Atlas von Neu-Seeland 1863
Atlases - Handy Reference Atlas of the World Handy Reference Atlas of the World 1904
Atlases - Huntington's School Atlas Huntington's School Atlas 1836
Atlases - Islario General de Todas las Islas del Mundo Islario General de Todas las Islas del Mundo 1550
Atlases - Klencke Atlas Klencke Atlas 1660
Atlases - Les Premieres Oeuvres de Jacques deVaulx Les Premieres Oeuvres de Jacques deVaulx 1583
Atlases - Les Premieres Oeuvres de Jacques Devaulx Les Premieres Oeuvres de Jacques Devaulx 1584
Atlases - Liber Insularum Arcipelagi Liber Insularum Arcipelagi 1470
Atlases - Liber Insularum Cycladum Liber Insularum Cycladum 1422
Atlases - [Manuscript Wall Map of the World] [Manuscript Wall Map of the World] 1587
Atlases - Map of the British Empire in America Map of the British Empire in America 1746
Atlases - Mercator's Letter to John Dee Mercator's Letter to John Dee 1577
Atlases - Miller Atlas Miller Atlas 1519
Atlases - Miniature Atlas and Gazetteer of the World Miniature Atlas and Gazetteer of the World 1892
Atlases - Mitchell's New General Atlas Mitchell's New General Atlas 1861
Atlases - Orbis Terrestris Descriptio Orbis Terrestris Descriptio 1550
Atlases - Porte-Feuille Geographique et Ethnographique [Atlas] Porte-Feuille Geographique et Ethnographique [Atlas] 1820
Atlases - Royal Relief Atlas of All Parts of the World Royal Relief Atlas of All Parts of the World 1881
Atlases - Speculum Orbis Terrae Speculum Orbis Terrae 1593
Atlases - Taboas Geraes de Toda a Navegação Taboas Geraes de Toda a Navegação 1630
Atlases - The American Atlas The American Atlas 1776
Atlases - The Atlas of Physical Geography The Atlas of Physical Geography 1850
Atlases - The Citizen's Atlas of the World The Citizen's Atlas of the World 1912
Atlases - The Compleat Geographer The Compleat Geographer 1723
Atlases - The Excursion of the One Who Yearns to Penetrate the Horizons The Excursion of the One Who Yearns to Penetrate the Horizons 1300
Atlases - The Graphic Atlas and Gazetteer of the World The Graphic Atlas and Gazetteer of the World 1892
Atlases - The Graphic Atlas of the World The Graphic Atlas of the World 1910
Atlases - The Illustrated Atlas The Illustrated Atlas 1851
Atlases - The Library Reference Atlas of the World The Library Reference Atlas of the World 1890
Atlases - The Pocket Atlas of the World The Pocket Atlas of the World 1887
Atlases - The Royal Atlas & Gazetteer of Australasia The Royal Atlas & Gazetteer of Australasia 1890
Atlases - The Royal Illustrated Atlas The Royal Illustrated Atlas 1872
Atlases - The Sea-Atlas The Sea-Atlas 1705
Atlases - The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain 1676
Atlases - The West-India Atlas The West-India Atlas 1775
Atlases - The World-Wide Atlas of Modern Geography The World-Wide Atlas of Modern Geography 1903
Atlases - Theatrum Ichnographicum Omnium Urbium Theatrum Ichnographicum Omnium Urbium 1700
Atlases - Theatrum Orbis Terrarum Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 1570
Atlases - Vallard Atlas Vallard Atlas 1547
Atlases - Yaggy's Geographical Portfolio Yaggy's Geographical Portfolio 1893

Images

Image Name
Pisavrum or Pezaro
The Kingdome of Irland
Varsovia
Lipsiae Insignnis Saxoniae Urbis 1617
Natural History Plate
Kamtchadales
Amerique - Terre du Bresil
Dept. Du Gers
Book Display
Terre du Perou III
Pont du Gard
Una Tertulia en 1790 (Santiago)
Russia in Europe
Natural History Plate
Natural History Plate
Ptolemy's Map of Europe - VI
Austria
Stafford Countie and Towne
Midlesex
Civitatis Episcopalis Othenarvm Sive Otthoniae 1593
83) Java [II]
Antiqvae Vrbis Romae Imago Accvratiss Bottom
Back Cover
Table of Contents M
Front Cover
36) Carwar
Hantshire
Front Cover
Loxa
Archipielago de los Chonos No. 1
Natural History Plate
The World in Hemispheres
[Angle of the Sun Diagram]
Carte du globe Terrestre
Toletvm, Vallisoletvm
Natural History Plate
Islands in the Indian Ocean (with) inset map of Mauritius
Birmingham
Cork
Anglia [VII]
Colonia Agrippina
Front Cover
Brittanicæ Insula, Anglia, Scotia & Hibernia
Sussex
Ptolemy's Map of Europe - IV
Europe septentrionale et Groenland II
Brvnopolis Vvlgo Brvnsvicvm Lvnebrgvm Brema Aldenbvrgvm Holsatiae
Amerique Meridionale
Archidona La Penna De Los Enamorados Penna Et Archidona 1565
Dvynkercke Grevelinge and Borborch
Paseo de la Canada (Santiago)
Natural History Plate
Salto de la Laja
County Map of Texas
Granata 1565
Natural History Plate
Frontispiece
Natural History Plate
Natural History Plate
Huntington
Japan & Corea
Eschwege et Fritzlar
Edinburgh
Hafnia Vulgo Kopenhagen 1587 et Kopenhagen
The Mediterranean Sea
Papa Inferioris Hungariae Oppidvm
Patavivm Nobilissima
Lombardia [I]
A chart of the bay of Biscaia
19) Persia, Arabia, Felix [I]
Rose des vents
Negres du Senegal
Natural History Plate
Pvteoli and Baiae
Natural History Plate
Back Cover
Plans of Cities, Ports, and Islands in East Africa, Asia, and the Coast of India
Natural History Plate
Caermarden
Leafs 3 & 4 - Zodiac
The British Isles. (with) inset map of the Shetland Islands.
Mineros
Natural History Plate
Ptolemy's Map of Europe - X
Francenbvrgvm
Brvxella
Map of Asia Showing It's Political Divisions
Natural History Plate
Plan of Philadelphia
Forvm Vvlcani
Tibvrtvm Vulgo Tivoli
Natural History Plate
Turkey in Europe
Natural History Plate
County Map of the States of New York, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut
North America

Maps

Map Name
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - India (1690)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Dordracvm Vulgo Dortt (1575)
The Illustrated Atlas - Natal and Kaffraria (1851)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Lacvs Agnianvs (1581)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Praga Egra (1572)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - The West Indies (1872)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Bornnes et Zahara (1596)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Marpvrg Cassel (1572)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Strigonivm Gran 1595 (1596)
Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts - A chart of the coasts of Barbarie, Gualata, Arguyn & Genehoa from C. Vincent to C Verd. (1672)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Valenchiennes (1581)
Atlas Pintoresco e Historico De Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos - Carta Politica (1885)
Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 - Archipielago de los Chonos No. 1 (1854)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - County Map of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware (1861)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Borneo, Celebes (1690)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Nvrnberg Vlm Saltzbvrg Lindaw (1572)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Lombardia [II] (1595)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. De La Hte. Garonn (1856)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Xantung, Nanquin (1690)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Surrey (1676)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 - Helsheborch Lvnden Elbogen et Landeskron (1588)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - Central America (1872)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - England and Wales (1872)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. Des Landes (1856)
Taboas Geraes de Toda a Navegação - World (1630)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Sunda Straghts, Java (1690)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - Austrian Empire (1872)
Huntington's School Atlas - South America (1836)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Heidelberga Spira Wormatia (1572)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - County Map of Kentucky and Tennessee (1861)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - The World in Hemispheres (1861)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Montgomeryshire (1676)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Wiflispurgergow (1595)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Franconia (1595)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Caletensium / Verom. (1570)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Islands [I] (1690)
Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 - Plano de la Batalla de Maypu (1854)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Brunswyck (1595)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Scotia [III] (1595)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Noua Bracarae Auguste Descriptio 1594 (1596)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Dillenbvrg et Segen (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Petrina (1617)
Cosmographie Universelle - Terre australe [IX] (1555)
Atlas National Illustre - Colonies Francaises (en Amerique) [I] (1856)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Bilvao (1575)
The Illustrated Atlas - Southern Italy (1851)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - Dutch Possessions in the Indian Archipelago (1872)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Boulongne (1595)
Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts - A chart of Flanders between Calis and Walcheren (1672)
Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts - A large description of the two chanells in the river Dwina goeing up to the citty of Archangel (1672)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Burgundia [II] (1595)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Moscovia Vrbs Metropolis Totius Russiae Albae (1617)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Siompa, Borneo (1690)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Map of Virginia and Maryland (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Palatinatus Bavariae Descriptio et Wirtenbergensis Duvatus Vera Descriptio (1570)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - Map of Asia Showing It's Political Divisions (1861)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Zurych (1581)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Brema (1596)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Greece (1676)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Lotharingia [II] (1595)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 - Antiqvae Vrbis Romae Imago Accvratiss Bottom (1588)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Bancosey, Siam, Cambodia, Siompa (1690)
Atlas National Illustre - Amerique Septentrionale (1856)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. De Lot et Garonne (1856)
The Illustrated Atlas - Sheffield (1851)
Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 - Plano de la Bahia de Valparaiso (1854)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Cracovia Metropolis Regni Poloniae (1617)
Taboas Geraes de Toda a Navegação - Southern Part of Baltic Sea (1630)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - Map of Europe Showing It's Political Divisions (1861)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Kent (1676)
Atlas National Illustre - Colonies Francaises Martinique (1856)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Galliae Narbonensis / Sabaundiae et Burgundiae (1570)
The Illustrated Atlas - Asia Minor (1851)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Tricaricvm Basilicatae Civitas (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Galwaye Dvbline Lymericke et Corcke (1617)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - South America (1872)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Zolnock Superioris Hungariae Civitas (1617)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - Map of Africa Showing It's Most Recent Discoveries (1861)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Rostochivm Vrbs Vandalica Anseatic et Megapolitana (1596)
An Historical Atlas - A.D. 1811. Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte. (1830)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Ekelenforda (1596)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - [I] Map of Chili [II] Map of Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay (1861)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - United States (1872)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Orixa [I] (1690)
The Illustrated Atlas - Islands in the Atlantic (1851)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Charlemont Landrechies Avesnes et Beavmont (1581)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - [I] Map of Denmark [II] Map of Holland and Belgium [III] Russia in Europe, Sweden and Norway (1861)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Sicilia (1595)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - America Sive Novi Orbis Nova Descriptio (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Glocestershire (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Insularum Aliquot Maris Mediterranei Descriptio (1570)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Baiis 1580 (1581)
Cosmographie Universelle - Terre australe [V] (1555)
The Illustrated Atlas - Leeds (1851)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. Du Var (1856)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 - Segeberga (1588)

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