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Atlases

Atlases Collection

History Archive - Atlases Collection

An atlas is a collection of maps; it is typically a bundle of maps of Earth or a region of Earth. Atlases have traditionally been bound into book form, but today many atlases are in multimedia formats.

In addition to presenting geographic features and political boundaries, many atlases often feature geopolitical, social, religious and economic statistics. They also have information about the map and places in it like cities and geographical features.

The use of the word atlas in a geographical context dates from 1595 when the German-Flemish geographer Gerardus Mercator published Atlas Sive Cosmographicae Meditationes de Fabrica Mundi et Fabricati Figura. (Atlas or cosmographical meditations upon the creation of the universe, and the universe as created.)

This title provides Mercator's definition of the word as a description of the creation and form of the whole universe, not simply as a collection of maps. The volume that was published posthumously one year after his death is a wide-ranging text but, as the editions evolved, it became simply a collection of maps and it is in that sense that the word was used from the middle of the seventeenth century. The neologism coined by Mercator was a mark of his respect for the Titan, Atlas, the "King of Mauretania", whom he considered to be the first great geographer.

The first work that contained systematically arranged woodcut maps of uniform size, published in a book, thus representing the first modern atlas is conventionally awarded to the Flemish cartographer Abraham Ortelius who in 1570 published the collection of maps Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Other major atlases include Atlas Maior by Joan Blaeu as well as many more.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 2. pg 858

Available Books

Book Title Date
Atlases - A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies 1690
Atlases - A Literary & Historical Atlas of Africa and Australasia A Literary & Historical Atlas of Africa and Australasia 1913
Atlases - A Literary & Historical Atlas of America A Literary & Historical Atlas of America 1911
Atlases - A Literary & Historical Atlas of Asia A Literary & Historical Atlas of Asia 1912
Atlases - A Literary & Historical Atlas of Europe A Literary & Historical Atlas of Europe 1910
Atlases - A System of Geography A System of Geography 1701
Atlases - An Atlas of Economic Geography An Atlas of Economic Geography 1914
Atlases - An Historical Atlas An Historical Atlas 1830
Atlases - Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of the United States of America Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of the United States of America 1889
Atlases - Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of the World Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of the World 1889
Atlases - Atlas de Battista Agnese Atlas de Battista Agnese 1544
Atlases - Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 1854
Atlases - Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 2 Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 2 1854
Atlases - Atlas do Imperio do Brazil Atlas do Imperio do Brazil 1868
Atlases - Atlas Geografico das Provincias do Reino de Portugal Atlas Geografico das Provincias do Reino de Portugal 1843
Atlases - Atlas Geografico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos Atlas Geografico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos 1897
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 1 Atlas Geographus Vol. 1 1711
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 2 Atlas Geographus Vol. 2 1711
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 3 Atlas Geographus Vol. 3 1712
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 4 Atlas Geographus Vol. 4 1714
Atlases - Atlas Geographus Vol. 5 Atlas Geographus Vol. 5 1721
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 1 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 1 1665
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 2 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 2 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 3 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 3 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 4 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 4 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 5 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 5 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 6 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 6 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 7 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 7 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 8 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 8 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 9 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 9 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 10 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 10 1662
Atlases - Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 11 Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blauiana Vol. 11 1662
Atlases - Atlas Manuale Atlas Manuale 1723
Atlases - Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts 1672
Atlases - Atlas Minor Atlas Minor 1736
Atlases - Atlas National Illustre Atlas National Illustre 1856
Atlases - Atlas Novus sive Tabulae Geographicae Atlas Novus sive Tabulae Geographicae 1730
Atlases - Atlas of Commercial Geography Atlas of Commercial Geography 1889
Atlases - Atlas of Meteorology Atlas of Meteorology 1899
Atlases - Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land 1915
Atlases - Atlas of the Union and Confederate Armies Atlas of the Union and Confederate Armies 1891
Atlases - Atlas of the World's Commerce Atlas of the World's Commerce 1907
Atlases - Atlas of Zoogeography Atlas of Zoogeography 1911
Atlases - Atlas Pintoresco e Historico De Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos Atlas Pintoresco e Historico De Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos 1885
Atlases - Atlas sive Cosmographicae Atlas sive Cosmographicae 1595
Atlases - Kitab-ı Bahriye [Book of Navigation] Kitab-ı Bahriye [Book of Navigation] 1525
Atlases - Cartes et Tables de la Geographie Physique ou Naturelle Cartes et Tables de la Geographie Physique ou Naturelle 1757
Atlases - Cassell's Atlas Cassell's Atlas 1909
Atlases - Catalan Atlas Catalan Atlas 1375
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 1572
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 1575
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 1581
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 1588
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 1596
Atlases - Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 1617
Atlases - Colton's Illustrated Cabinet Atlas Colton's Illustrated Cabinet Atlas 1859
Atlases - Considerations Geographiques et Physiques sur les Nouvelles Decouvertes Considerations Geographiques et Physiques sur les Nouvelles Decouvertes 1753
Atlases - Constable's Hand Atlas of India Constable's Hand Atlas of India 1893
Atlases - Cosmographia Cosmographia 1460
Atlases - Cosmographie Universelle Cosmographie Universelle 1555
Atlases - La Descripcion de Espana y de las Costas y Puertos de sus Reinos La Descripcion de Espana y de las Costas y Puertos de sus Reinos 1634
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 1 Description de l'Univers Vol. 1 1683
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 2 Description de l'Univers Vol. 2 1683
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 3 Description de l'Univers Vol. 3 1683
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 4 Description de l'Univers Vol. 4 1683
Atlases - Description de l'Univers Vol. 5 Description de l'Univers Vol. 5 1683
Atlases - Geographia Antiqua Latinorum et Graecorum Geographia Antiqua Latinorum et Graecorum 1721
Atlases - Geographia Atlas do Brazil e das Cinco Partes do Mundo Geographia Atlas do Brazil e das Cinco Partes do Mundo 1912
Atlases - Geologisch-Topographischer Atlas von Neu-Seeland Geologisch-Topographischer Atlas von Neu-Seeland 1863
Atlases - Handy Reference Atlas of the World Handy Reference Atlas of the World 1904
Atlases - Huntington's School Atlas Huntington's School Atlas 1836
Atlases - Islario General de Todas las Islas del Mundo Islario General de Todas las Islas del Mundo 1550
Atlases - Klencke Atlas Klencke Atlas 1660
Atlases - Les Premieres Oeuvres de Jacques deVaulx Les Premieres Oeuvres de Jacques deVaulx 1583
Atlases - Les Premieres Oeuvres de Jacques Devaulx Les Premieres Oeuvres de Jacques Devaulx 1584
Atlases - Liber Insularum Arcipelagi Liber Insularum Arcipelagi 1470
Atlases - Liber Insularum Cycladum Liber Insularum Cycladum 1422
Atlases - [Manuscript Wall Map of the World] [Manuscript Wall Map of the World] 1587
Atlases - Map of the British Empire in America Map of the British Empire in America 1746
Atlases - Mercator's Letter to John Dee Mercator's Letter to John Dee 1577
Atlases - Miller Atlas Miller Atlas 1519
Atlases - Miniature Atlas and Gazetteer of the World Miniature Atlas and Gazetteer of the World 1892
Atlases - Mitchell's New General Atlas Mitchell's New General Atlas 1861
Atlases - Orbis Terrestris Descriptio Orbis Terrestris Descriptio 1550
Atlases - Porte-Feuille Geographique et Ethnographique [Atlas] Porte-Feuille Geographique et Ethnographique [Atlas] 1820
Atlases - Royal Relief Atlas of All Parts of the World Royal Relief Atlas of All Parts of the World 1881
Atlases - Speculum Orbis Terrae Speculum Orbis Terrae 1593
Atlases - Taboas Geraes de Toda a Navegação Taboas Geraes de Toda a Navegação 1630
Atlases - The American Atlas The American Atlas 1776
Atlases - The Atlas of Physical Geography The Atlas of Physical Geography 1850
Atlases - The Citizen's Atlas of the World The Citizen's Atlas of the World 1912
Atlases - The Compleat Geographer The Compleat Geographer 1723
Atlases - The Excursion of the One Who Yearns to Penetrate the Horizons The Excursion of the One Who Yearns to Penetrate the Horizons 1300
Atlases - The Graphic Atlas and Gazetteer of the World The Graphic Atlas and Gazetteer of the World 1892
Atlases - The Graphic Atlas of the World The Graphic Atlas of the World 1910
Atlases - The Illustrated Atlas The Illustrated Atlas 1851
Atlases - The Library Reference Atlas of the World The Library Reference Atlas of the World 1890
Atlases - The Pocket Atlas of the World The Pocket Atlas of the World 1887
Atlases - The Royal Atlas & Gazetteer of Australasia The Royal Atlas & Gazetteer of Australasia 1890
Atlases - The Royal Illustrated Atlas The Royal Illustrated Atlas 1872
Atlases - The Sea-Atlas The Sea-Atlas 1705
Atlases - The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain 1676
Atlases - The West-India Atlas The West-India Atlas 1775
Atlases - The World-Wide Atlas of Modern Geography The World-Wide Atlas of Modern Geography 1903
Atlases - Theatrum Ichnographicum Omnium Urbium Theatrum Ichnographicum Omnium Urbium 1700
Atlases - Theatrum Orbis Terrarum Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 1570
Atlases - Vallard Atlas Vallard Atlas 1547
Atlases - Yaggy's Geographical Portfolio Yaggy's Geographical Portfolio 1893

Images

Image Name
Europe centrale et meridionale
Dept. De La Mayenne
40) Comarin
Campidonia
Central America
Hall In Sachsen et Hildsheim
Natural History Plate
A chart of the western part of the East Indies, with all the aejacent islands from Cape Bona Esperanca to Cape Comorin
A Comparative View Of the Principal Waterfalls, Islands, Lakes, Rivers and Mountains, in the Western Hemisphere
Eastern Hemisphere
Royaume de Ginganton
Brussels
Heide 1596 et Meldorpie
Patavivm Nobilissima
Stafford Countie and Towne
Gandavvm
Sweden and Norway
Avrelia Franciae Civitas
A Map of the Sommer Ilands
Spine and Cover
Natural History Plate
Colonia Agrippina
Graeciae Universae
Dept. De La Correze
Dept. De L'Ain
Natural History Plate
Natural History Plate
United States - South Eastern States
Habitans d'Ulieta
A.D. 1498. The Discovery Of America.
30) Bombahem Island, Island of Saltset, Coronia
Natural History Plate
B.C. 146. At The End Of The Third Punic War.
Flandria
Cork
Natural History Plate
Natural History Plate
Vendedores en las Calles (Aquatero, Yerbatero, Panadero, Pandillero)
24) Guzarat, India [I]
Dept. De La Hte. Garonn
Premiere Projection
Groninga
Natural History Plate
Saintes 1560
Nevs
Lvca
Natural History Plate
Hibernia [II]
Mer des Antilles
Ports and Harbours on the North West Coast of England
Lombardia [I]
Terre australe
Oceania or Islands in the Pacific Ocean
Rotomagvs Vulgo Roan Nemavsvs Nismes Civitatis Bvrdegalensis In Aqvitanea
Europe
Aurore Boreale
Leeds
Natural History Plate
A chart of the Tartarian sea from Nova Zemla to lapan
90) Islands [II]
Plans of Cities, Ports, and Islands in East Africa, Asia, and the Coast of India
Landshvt 1578
Proportion des Planetes et du Soleil
Mexico y Sus Cercanias
Dept. Du Calvados
Natural History Plate
Hagae Comitis
Campagna di Roma
Terre du Perou I
Wales
Monasterivm Osnabrvgvm Wesalia Inferior
[Assorted Facial Profiles - IV]
B.C. 301. Exhibiting The Partition Of The Empire Of Alexander.
Natural History Plate
Natural History Plate
Portuguese Islands in the Atlantic Ocean
Papa Inferioris Hungariae Oppidvm
Francenbvrgvm
Caermarden
Natural History Plate
Un Matchuitun Modo de Curar los Enfermos
Dept. De Corsica
Mechelen et Mechlineensis
Back Cover
Carta Politica
Saltzburgr
50) Coramandel [III]
America
Central America
Tableau des principales Hauteurs du Globe
Ptolemy's Map of Asia - II
Hungaria
Bedfordshire
Dept. De L'Orne
Map of North America Showing the Political Divisions
Novissima totius terrarum orbis tabula

Maps

Map Name
Cosmographie Universelle - Neuve Espagne [III] (1555)
Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 - Provincias de Santiago y de Valparaiso (1854)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Counti and City of Lyn (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Newe Mape of Poland (1676)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Tienen (1581)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - Dutch Possessions in South America and the West Indies (1872)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Calechvt Ormvs Canonor S. Georgii Oppidum Mina (1572)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - British Empire Throughout the World Exhibited in One View (1872)
Cosmographie Universelle - Terre du Perou [II] (1555)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Westfalia [III] (1595)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. De Corse [Corsica] (1856)
The Illustrated Atlas - Islands in the Atlantic (1851)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - Map of South America Showing It's Political Divisions (1861)
Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts - A chart of the South-sea (1672)
Cosmographie Universelle - Europe meridionale et Afrique du nord-ouest [II] (1555)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. De Basse-Alpes (1856)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Java [I] (1690)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Scenographia Totivs Fabricae S Laurentii In Escorali (1617)
Cosmographie Universelle - Deuxieme Projection (1555)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. De La Haute Loire (1856)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Caietae (1581)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Roma (1572)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - Europe (1872)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Gorlitz (1575)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - Ireland (1872)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Patavivm Nobilissima (1617)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Celebes, Ende, Tiimor (1690)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Hailbrvnna Mvlhvsivm et Revtlinga (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Conimbriae In Lusitania (1596)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - [I] Map of New Granada, Venezuela and Guiana [II] Map of Peru and Ecuador [III] Map of the Argentine Confederation (1861)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. De L'Ain (1856)
Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 - Plano del Puerto de San Carlos (1854)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Polonia et Silesia (1595)
Vallard Atlas - Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Persian Gulf (1547)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Edenbvrg (1581)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Bishophrick and Citie of Durham (1676)
Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts - A chart of the South sea, Texel and Fly-stream -- A chart of the Eemes -- A chart of the Fly and Amerlander gat (1672)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - British West Indian Possessions Northern (1872)
The Illustrated Atlas - Dublin (1851)
Atlas National Illustre - Colonies Francaises (en Amerique) [I] (1856)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Vetvstiss Ad Mare Thyrrhenvcm Terracinae Oppidvm (1581)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Vtriusque (1570)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Thuscia (1595)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Bohemia (1676)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Gallia (1595)
The Illustrated Atlas - Asia Minor (1851)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Londinvm Feracissimi Angligae Regni Metropolis (1572)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Blanmont (1575)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Candia (1595)
Vallard Atlas - Southeastern South America, Straits of Magellan (1547)
Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts - A chart of the north coast of England, from Yarmouth to Cocket Island -- A description of the east coast of Scotland (1672)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Breknoke (1676)
Huntington's School Atlas - Asia (1836)
The Illustrated Atlas - Channel Islands. (with) inset map of the English Channel (1851)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Civitas Exoniae Vulgo Excester (1617)
Taboas Geraes de Toda a Navegação - Indian Ocean (1630)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Brvnopolis Vvlgo Brvnsvicvm Lvnebrgvm Brema Aldenbvrgvm Holsatiae (1572)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Pisavrum or Pezaro (1581)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Sicilia (1595)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Wilshire (1676)
An Historical Atlas - B.C. 323. Exhibiting The Empire Of Alexander. (1830)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Persicic Sive Sophorum Regni Typus (1570)
Cosmographie Universelle - Terre australe [VIII] (1555)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. Du Var (1856)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Zamoscivm Noua Poloniae Ciuitas (1617)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - America (1676)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Brightstowe (1581)
The Illustrated Atlas - Northern Africa (1851)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Saxonia superior (1595)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Gratianopolis Grenoble et Romans Delfinatus (1581)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 - Stockholm Stocholm Donabat Huic Operi Hieronymus Scholeus (1588)
Huntington's School Atlas - Chart of Climates and Productions (1836)
Taboas Geraes de Toda a Navegação - World (1630)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Frisia Occidentalis (1595)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 2 - Groninga (1575)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Vrbs Nancei Lotharingiae et La Ville De Nancy 1617 (1617)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Graeciae Universae (1570)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Mosambuique, S. Lorinso [I] (1690)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 1 - Treveris Cobolentz Rotenbvrg (1572)
Atlas National Illustre - Europe (1856)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Caprarola Arx et Horti Farenesiani (1596)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Polus Articus (1595)
Atlas sive Cosmographicae - Lombardia [II] (1595)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - Map of Africa Showing It's Most Recent Discoveries (1861)
The Illustrated Atlas - Sheffield (1851)
Mitchell's New General Atlas - Map of Canada West in Counties (1861)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 3 - Slvys (1581)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 5 - Ratisbona 1594 (1596)
A Description of the Sea Coasts in the East Indies - Lagao (1690)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 4 - Cantvarbvry (1588)
Atlas National Illustre - Dept. Du Gard (1856)
Atlas Maritimus, or a Book of Charts - A large description of the two chanells in the river Dwina goeing up to the citty of Archangel (1672)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - Scotland (1872)
The Illustrated Atlas - Victoria or Port Phillip (1851)
Atlas de Historia fisica y Politica de Chile Vol. 1 - Plano de la Bahia de Talcahuano (1854)
The Royal Illustrated Atlas - Principal Dutch Colonies in the Indian Seas (1872)

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