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Wales

Wales Collection

History Archive - Wales Collection

Wales, a part of Great Britain, is a peninsula on the western coast of England, lying between Bristol Channel and the Irish Sea. It is 136 miles long and about 90 wide, with an area of 7,442 square miles, making it about as large as Massachusetts. It has a broken coast-line of 360 miles, and is a mountainous country. The Snowdon Mountains in the north, the Plinlimmon and the Black Mountains are the main ranges, with peaks over 3,000 feet high.

The people are of Celtic origin, and call themselves Cymri, the name Welsh being given them by the English. The English language is spoken in most of the large cities, but Welsh or Cymraeg, as they call it, is the language of the country. It is the best preserved of the Celtic dialects. Wales was inhabited by three Celtic tribes when the Romans invaded it, but the latter never conquered it.

It was in constant warfare with the Saxons and the Danes, paying tribute to Athelstan, king of England, and later to Harold. William the Conqueror subdued it, and the English kings have ever since claimed possession of the country. In 1267 Llewellyn ap Gryffith was acknowledged prince of Wales by Henry III, but, refusing to obey the call of Edward I to Parliament, was attacked and defeated. In 1282 he rebelled again, was slain in battle, his brother David, who succeeded him, was executed as a traitor, and Wales was united to England. The title Prince of Wales has been given ever since to the oldest son of the English sovereign. Under Owen Glendower the Welsh made a final effort for freedom, the struggle lasting 15 years from 1400 till his death in 1415. Population 2,037,610.

There are several small streams, and only one lake, Bala. The country abounds in minerals; copper, lead, iron, coal, zinc and silver are found, and remains of gold mines worked by the Romans. The climate is not severe, though somewhat cold and very damp. Butter, cheese, wool and grain are among the most important products, and iron and flannel are the principal manufactures.

All children between the ages of five and fourteen are required to attend schools provided for them, which are practically free. In 1905-6 Wales expended over $1,000,000 on secondary and technical schools. Among the higher institutions are the University of Wales, consisting of the Aberystwith, Bangor and Cardiff Colleges; University College; St. David's College; St. Beuno's College; and colleges at Bala, Brecon, Llangollen and Trevesca.

References:

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

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Hay, and Radnor Forest
Rheola
Snowdon from Capel Curig Lake - Summer Evening
Dunseverick Castle
Old Cottage and Ruins of Abbey, Great Orme's Head
The River Wye near Buxton
Byron's Elm in Churchyard, Harrow
The Devil's Bridge
Hadley Church, Monken Hadley
Rocks Off Cornwall
Crathes Castle
Old Weir Bridge
The Valley of the Dee near Mar Lodge
Beddgelert
Windmill near Arundel, Sussex
In the Scottish Highlands
Swallow Falls, Bettws-y-Coed
Conway Castle and Quay - Noon
Beaumaris - Moonlight
Distant View of Bettws-y-Coed
Near Rhayader
Derwentwater
Entrance Front Bodiam Castle, Sussex
A Surrey Landscape
View on the Wye
Carrack-a-Rede
In Gloucestershire
Balmoral Castle
Pembroke Castle
Torc Waterfall
Old Roman Bridge, near Swansea
Above Chepstow
Dumbarton Castle
Duffws Mountain
Symond's Yat - the Last Glow
Snowdon
The Meeting of the Tanar and the Dee
Illustrated Title Page
Richmond Bridge
Welsh Farm, near Llanberis
Caernarvon Castle
Distant View of Penmaenmawr - Early Morning Light
Raglan Castle
Title Page
Town House, Dunbar, Scotland
Title Page
Lower Glyngwyn
Rydal Falls
The Three Spires of Lichfield
Lower Gilhepste
Distant View of Carnarvon Bay
View of Llangollen
Near Erwood
Yachts, Anglesey Coast
Map of Scotland
Manorbeer Castle
St. Catherine's Rock, Tenby
Front Cover
The Falls of Muick
Glyn Neath Music
Middle Glyngwyn
Giant's Causeway
Ludlow Castle, the Keep and Entrance
Crathie Church
Symond's Yat
Beddgelert
Harvesting in Hertfordshire
Ruins of Uriconium, near Shrewsbury
On the River Seiont, Carnarvonshire - Evening Glow
Conway from Benarth - Early Morning
Elian Donan Castle
Old Cottage at Cockington
Conway Castle
Title Page
Chepstow Castle
View of Moelwyn
Llyn Idwal
The Feathers Hotel, Ludlow
Kilchurn Castle, Loch Awe
View from Bontddu, Dolgelly
A Cottage in Holdenhurst, Hampshire
Loch Lomond
Towers of Elgin Cathedral, North Scotland
The Bridge of Dee
The Stacks, near Tenby
The Dee at Cambus o' May
Snowdon from Llanberis Lake
Front Cover
Aberedw and Black Mountains
Dickens' Home, Gad's Hill, near Rochester
A Hayfield near Portmadoc
Ross Castle
In the Woods, Farchynys, Barmouth Estuary
Lower Lake
The Dee at Culter
The High Tor, Matlock

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