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Tunisia Collection

History Archive - Tunisia Collection

Tunisia is a country of north Africa, now a French protectorate; bounded on the N. and N. E. by the Mediterranean, on the S. E. by Tripoli, and on the W. and S. W. by Algeria; area, estimated at 51,000 square miles; pop. about 1,900,000. The coast line presents three indentations, forming the Bay of Tunis on the N., and those of Hammamet and Cabes or the Lesser Syrtis on the E.

The N. W. portion of the country is traversed by the Atlas Mountains, which on their lower slopes have many fertile tracts, partly under culture. Between these mountains and the Gulf of Hammamet on the E. stretches the extensive plain or plateau of Kairwan. The only river of any consequence is the Mejerdah. In 1900 there were 883 miles of railway, of which 866 belong to the state.

Agriculture is very much neglected; the principal crops are wheat, barley, and maize; olive plantations are numerous, while tobacco is largely, and cotton, indigo, saffron, and opium partially, grown. On several parts of the coast the fisheries, including that of coral, are valuable. The manufactures consist chiefly of woolen fabrics, soap, dyed skins, and ordinary and morocco leather.

The inhabitants consist of a mixture of Moors and Arabs, along with Berbers, here called Kroumirs, occupying the elevated tract N. of the valley of Mejerdah. In ancient times Tunis belonged to the Carthaginians, afterward formed part of the Roman province of Africa, was subdued about 675 by the Arabs, became a powerful state under independent rulers in the 13th century, and in 1575 was incorporated with the Ottoman empire.

In the spring of 1881 the French invaded Tunis, in order to punish the turbulence of the Kroumirs, and the French minister resident is now the virtual ruler of the country. Under French administration the Tunisian debt has been consolidated, commerce has increased, the means of transit have been improved, and a number of primary schools established. The exports in 1918 amounted to £5,181,728, and imports to £8,297,718.


Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)

Available Books


Image Name
Marabouts urbains
Cavalier coiffé du bonnet en plumes d'autruche, que le meilleur cavalier de la tribu a le droit de porter
The Arch of Trajan, Timgad
The Silent Waterfall, Hammam Meskoutine
Souk des brodeurs - Branzia
Exercices équestres des fantasias tunisiennes
The Souk-des-Etoffes, Tunis
Back Cover
Entrance to the Grand Mosque from the Souk-el-Attarin, Tunis
Mosque of Sidi-el-Alleni, Kairouan
Le bain des femmes sur la plage de la Marsa
An Old Street, Algiers
Mosque of Sidi Ben Ziad, Tunis - the Auction Day
Carding Wool
Moissonneurs tunisiens
Rue Souk-el-Belat
Mosquedes Sabres, Kairouan
Noon, Tunis
Marchand de gâteaux
The Roman Amphitheatre, El Djem
Souk el Hout, Tunis
Femmes tunisiennes dévidant de la soie
Arabes au café
En fantasia
Fabricant de chéchias
La Fontaine sacrée de la rue des Libraires
Femmes nomades à la fontaine
Tunis from the Olive Woods
Rue Souk-el-Belat - Marchand de hallouna - Fontaine
Citernes de Carthage dans leur ancien état
The Palm Village
Une petite école coranique en hiver
The Mosque of the Three Doors, Kairouan
Entrée du hammam de la rue des Teinturiers
Les cadeaux de noces
Femme arabe nomade
A Game of Draughts
Shooting Wild Ducks near Ain Mokra, Province of Constantine, Algeria
Les Thermes de Schemtou
Femme juive
A Biskra Woman
Unlading Wood
Rue Halfaouine
Maxula-Rades, where Regulus landed in 256 B.C.
Les tombeaux des beys
Négresses marchandes de pain, avenue de France
Title Page
The Fritter Shop, Tunis
A Courtyard of the Mosque du Barbier, Kairouan
Le pont romain de Schemtou
La Mosquée de Bab-al-Djazira et la rue El-Bechir
Caravane de nomades
Back Cover
Fillette juive
From the Steps of the Grand Mosque Zitouana, Tunis
Boutique d'armurier
Vue de Tunis, prise de la Kasbah
L'entrée du souk des parfums
Shopping in the Souk-el-Trouk, Tunis
Barbier populaire
Temple of Celestis, Dougga
The Ancient Ports of Carthage
Chapter Header
Ruines d'un aqueduc byzantin
The Fruit Market, Biskra
Les Revendeurs de la rue Kachachine
Shooting Hyenas on the Purple Mountains near El Greshe
Front Cover
Exterior of the Corn Market, Kairouan
A Typical Street, Tunis
The Old Porte de Tunis, Kairouan
Side-walk in the Souk-des-Etoffes, Tunis
A Minor Mosque, Kairouan
A Desert Afterglow
The Old Corn Market, Kairouan
Extérieur d'un hammam
Petit marchand d'eau
A Kairouan Well
A Slipper-Shop, Tunis
Mosque of Sidi Abder Rahman, Algiers
Entrance to the Mosque du Barbier, Kairouan
Souk el Belat, Tunis
Street of the Dancing Girls, Biskra
Rue du Pacha
The Zaouia of the Rue Tourbet el Bey, Tunis
Boutique de potier de la Rue El-Bechir


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