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Tunisia Collection

History Archive - Tunisia Collection

Tunisia is a country of north Africa, now a French protectorate; bounded on the N. and N. E. by the Mediterranean, on the S. E. by Tripoli, and on the W. and S. W. by Algeria; area, estimated at 51,000 square miles; pop. about 1,900,000. The coast line presents three indentations, forming the Bay of Tunis on the N., and those of Hammamet and Cabes or the Lesser Syrtis on the E.

The N. W. portion of the country is traversed by the Atlas Mountains, which on their lower slopes have many fertile tracts, partly under culture. Between these mountains and the Gulf of Hammamet on the E. stretches the extensive plain or plateau of Kairwan. The only river of any consequence is the Mejerdah. In 1900 there were 883 miles of railway, of which 866 belong to the state.

Agriculture is very much neglected; the principal crops are wheat, barley, and maize; olive plantations are numerous, while tobacco is largely, and cotton, indigo, saffron, and opium partially, grown. On several parts of the coast the fisheries, including that of coral, are valuable. The manufactures consist chiefly of woolen fabrics, soap, dyed skins, and ordinary and morocco leather.

The inhabitants consist of a mixture of Moors and Arabs, along with Berbers, here called Kroumirs, occupying the elevated tract N. of the valley of Mejerdah. In ancient times Tunis belonged to the Carthaginians, afterward formed part of the Roman province of Africa, was subdued about 675 by the Arabs, became a powerful state under independent rulers in the 13th century, and in 1575 was incorporated with the Ottoman empire.

In the spring of 1881 the French invaded Tunis, in order to punish the turbulence of the Kroumirs, and the French minister resident is now the virtual ruler of the country. Under French administration the Tunisian debt has been consolidated, commerce has increased, the means of transit have been improved, and a number of primary schools established. The exports in 1918 amounted to £5,181,728, and imports to £8,297,718.


Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)

Available Books


Image Name
The Vegetable Market, Kairouan
The Red Aloes
Café de Bal-el-Menar
Petit marchand de journaux
Femme juive
The Red Village, El Kantara
Arabes au café
Rue Souk-el-Belat - Marchand de hallouna - Fontaine
Front Cover
Petit café de la rue des Libraires
The Leopard Door, Algiers
Tunis from the Olive Woods
Boutique du souk des cuivres
Marabouts urbains
Friday at the Cemetery, Algiers
L'Aqueduc Espagnol, près du Bardo
Sousse (Hadrumetum)
Le pont romain de Schemtou
In the Cool Souks of Kairouan
Moissonneurs tunisiens
Entrance to the Grand Mosque from the Souk-el-Attarin, Tunis
The Approach to the Ancient Slave-Market from the Souk-des-Etoffes, Tunis
Fabricant de chéchias
La medersa
The Marabout’s Tomb in the Souk-des-Selliers, Tunis
Veiled Women in the Souk-des-Etoffes, Tunis
The Silent Waterfall, Hammam Meskoutine
Boutique de légumes et de fruits au grand marché
Place Bab-Souïka - Marchand de pain - Marchand de sucreries - Anes chargés de fruits - Mosquée Sidi-Mahrez
Back Cover
Entrée du hammam de la rue des Libraires
Shooting Hyenas on the Purple Mountains near El Greshe
Boutique de potier de la Rue El-Bechir
Carding Wool
The Souk-des-Etoffes, Tunis
Rag Fair
The Old Corn Market, Kairouan
The Gates of the Desert
Cafe du Kasbah,Tunis
Side-walk in the Souk-des-Etoffes, Tunis
The Basket-Makers, Sousse
Fillette juive
The Mosque of the Three Doors, Kairouan
A Typical Street, Tunis
Marchands de tapis de la rue des Etoffes
Les Revendeurs de la rue Kachachine
Souk des Etoffes, Tunis
Title Page
La Fontaine sacrée de la rue des Libraires
Back Cover
The Roman Amphitheatre, El Djem
Femmes nomades a la fontaine
Roman Amphitheatre of El-Djem (Thysdrus)
L'entrée du souk des parfums
Ruines byzantines au Khangat-Hadjaj
The Arab Wedding, Hammam Meskoutine
The Palm Village
Petit cireur
Rue Souk-el-Belat
Rue du Pacha
Entrance to the Cafe des Marabouts, Tunis
Ruines de l'aqueduc romain, près de l'Oued-Miliane
In the Souk-el-Attarin, Tunis
Front Cover
Rue Tourbet el Bey, Tunis
The Ancient Ports of Carthage
La mosquee de Dar-el-Bey
The Fruit Market, Biskra
Boutique de barbier, place Rab-el-Maar
Souk el Belat, Tunis
Café de la Rue Souk-el-Belat
La Mosquée de Bab-al-Djazira et la rue El-Bechir
Le marabout de la rue El-Béchir
Vue de Tunis, prise de la Kasbah
On the Edge of the Desert
Boutique d'armurier
Intérieur de hammam
Souk el Attarin, Tunis
Exercices équestres des fantasias tunisiennes
Chefs de tribus en Kkroumirie
La Grande Rue, Kairouan
Une école sur une terrasse
Unlading Wood
Boutique de parfumeur


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