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Tunisia Collection

History Archive - Tunisia Collection

Tunisia is a country of north Africa, now a French protectorate; bounded on the N. and N. E. by the Mediterranean, on the S. E. by Tripoli, and on the W. and S. W. by Algeria; area, estimated at 51,000 square miles; pop. about 1,900,000. The coast line presents three indentations, forming the Bay of Tunis on the N., and those of Hammamet and Cabes or the Lesser Syrtis on the E.

The N. W. portion of the country is traversed by the Atlas Mountains, which on their lower slopes have many fertile tracts, partly under culture. Between these mountains and the Gulf of Hammamet on the E. stretches the extensive plain or plateau of Kairwan. The only river of any consequence is the Mejerdah. In 1900 there were 883 miles of railway, of which 866 belong to the state.

Agriculture is very much neglected; the principal crops are wheat, barley, and maize; olive plantations are numerous, while tobacco is largely, and cotton, indigo, saffron, and opium partially, grown. On several parts of the coast the fisheries, including that of coral, are valuable. The manufactures consist chiefly of woolen fabrics, soap, dyed skins, and ordinary and morocco leather.

The inhabitants consist of a mixture of Moors and Arabs, along with Berbers, here called Kroumirs, occupying the elevated tract N. of the valley of Mejerdah. In ancient times Tunis belonged to the Carthaginians, afterward formed part of the Roman province of Africa, was subdued about 675 by the Arabs, became a powerful state under independent rulers in the 13th century, and in 1575 was incorporated with the Ottoman empire.

In the spring of 1881 the French invaded Tunis, in order to punish the turbulence of the Kroumirs, and the French minister resident is now the virtual ruler of the country. Under French administration the Tunisian debt has been consolidated, commerce has increased, the means of transit have been improved, and a number of primary schools established. The exports in 1918 amounted to £5,181,728, and imports to £8,297,718.


Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)

Available Books


Image Name
Algiers from the Jardin d'Essai
Souk des cordonniers
Moorish Gateway, Kairouan
École annexe du collège Alaoui (école normale)
Rue Tourbet el Bey, Tunis
Arc de triomphe d'Aphrodisium
A Typical Street, Tunis
Oudjack, cavalier des Caïdats
The Penon, Algiers
Boucher de Souk-el-Grana
An Old Street, Algiers
A Popular Cafe, Tunis
Souk el Hout, Tunis
Mosque of Sidi Ben Ziad, Tunis - the Auction Day
Temple of Celestis, Dougga
Extérieur d'un hammam
Cavalier en tenue de fantasia
Boutique de parfumeur
Le mufti
Souk el Belat, Tunis
Entrance to the Mosque du Barbier, Kairouan
A Minor Mosque, Kairouan
Le mesquine
Halte dans les forêts de Khroumirie (sur la frontière de l'Algérie)
Street of the Dancing Girls, Biskra
Carrefour du Souk des Parfums
A Mozabite Fantasia
Place Bab-Souïka - Marchand de pain - Marchand de sucreries - Anes chargés de fruits - Mosquée Sidi-Mahrez
In the Covered Souks of Kairouan
Négresses marchandes de pain, avenue de France
Interior of the Cafe des Marabouts, Tunis
Front Cover
Le pont romain de Schemtou
Porte d'un petit café
Exercices équestres des fantasias tunisiennes
Stone Pines, Algiers
Un atelier de tisserand
Puits arabe et byzantin de Gorombalia
Boutique du Souk des Orfèvres
Marchand d'étoffes
Back Cover
Marchand de fruits
Boutique de parfumeur a côté de la porte de la mosquée Zitouna
Café de Bal-el-Menar
The Ancient Ports of Carthage
Front Cover
Vue de Tunis, prise de la Kasbah
Petit marchand d'eau
Carding Wool
In the Souk-el-Attarin, Tunis
Barbier populaire
Mosque of Sidi Abder Rahman, Algiers
Moissonneurs tunisiens
Title Page
The Zaouia of the Rue Tourbet el Bey, Tunis
The Red Village, El Kantara
Petit hammal [II]
Le liseur du Çoran
Tunis from the Olive Woods
The Palm Village
Title Page
Jeune fille devant le puits de Batéo
Sketch Map of Algeria and Tunis
Mosque of Sidi Okba, Kairouan
Boutique de la Rue des Étoffes
Une petite école coranique en hiver
The Mosque of the Three Doors, Kairouan
Place Bab-Souika and the Mosque of Sidi Mahrez, Tunis
La medersa
Sousse (Hadrumetum)
Chefs de tribus en Kkroumirie
Un conteur arabe à Bab-Souika
Side-walk in the Souk-des-Etoffes, Tunis
The Marabout’s Tomb in the Souk-des-Selliers, Tunis
Evening, Kairouan
Marchand de couvertures de Djerba
Les Thermes de Schemtou
The Basket-Makers, Sousse
In the heart of an Oasis
A Biskra Woman
Entrance to the Souk-des-Etoffes from the Souk-el-Trouk, Tunis
A Nomad Camp
Femmes nomades a la fontaine
Veiled Women in the Souk-des-Etoffes, Tunis
The Silent Waterfall, Hammam Meskoutine
Gorge of the Roumel, Constantine


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