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Tunisia Collection

History Archive - Tunisia Collection

Tunisia is a country of north Africa, now a French protectorate; bounded on the N. and N. E. by the Mediterranean, on the S. E. by Tripoli, and on the W. and S. W. by Algeria; area, estimated at 51,000 square miles; pop. about 1,900,000. The coast line presents three indentations, forming the Bay of Tunis on the N., and those of Hammamet and Cabes or the Lesser Syrtis on the E.

The N. W. portion of the country is traversed by the Atlas Mountains, which on their lower slopes have many fertile tracts, partly under culture. Between these mountains and the Gulf of Hammamet on the E. stretches the extensive plain or plateau of Kairwan. The only river of any consequence is the Mejerdah. In 1900 there were 883 miles of railway, of which 866 belong to the state.

Agriculture is very much neglected; the principal crops are wheat, barley, and maize; olive plantations are numerous, while tobacco is largely, and cotton, indigo, saffron, and opium partially, grown. On several parts of the coast the fisheries, including that of coral, are valuable. The manufactures consist chiefly of woolen fabrics, soap, dyed skins, and ordinary and morocco leather.

The inhabitants consist of a mixture of Moors and Arabs, along with Berbers, here called Kroumirs, occupying the elevated tract N. of the valley of Mejerdah. In ancient times Tunis belonged to the Carthaginians, afterward formed part of the Roman province of Africa, was subdued about 675 by the Arabs, became a powerful state under independent rulers in the 13th century, and in 1575 was incorporated with the Ottoman empire.

In the spring of 1881 the French invaded Tunis, in order to punish the turbulence of the Kroumirs, and the French minister resident is now the virtual ruler of the country. Under French administration the Tunisian debt has been consolidated, commerce has increased, the means of transit have been improved, and a number of primary schools established. The exports in 1918 amounted to £5,181,728, and imports to £8,297,718.


Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)

Available Books


Image Name
Extérieur d'un hammam
Back Cover
The Souk-des-Etoffes, Tunis
Kairouan Card-players
Petit marchand de journaux
Roman Amphitheatre of El-Djem (Thysdrus)
Mosque of Sidi-el-Alleni, Kairouan
Caravane de nomades
A Biskra Woman
Marchand de figues
Life in La Grande Rue, Kairouan
In the Souk-el-Attarin, Tunis
Marchands de beignets
Charmeur de serpents ambulant
Street of the Dancing Girls, Biskra
Souk el Hout, Tunis
Rue Souk-el-Belat - Marchand de hallouna - Fontaine
The Begging Marabout
Shooting Hyenas on the Purple Mountains near El Greshe
Les cadeaux de noces
Place Bab-Souïka - Marchand de pain - Marchand de sucreries - Anes chargés de fruits - Mosquée Sidi-Mahrez
Marchand de gâteaux
In the Market-Place, Biskra
From the Steps of the Grand Mosque Zitouana, Tunis
Le fils du caïd des Drids, cavalier de fantasia
Boutique du souk des cuivres
Ferblantier de la rue Souk-el-Bélat
Tunis la blanche - sur les Terrasses
Marchand de fruits, rue Kachachine
Ruines de la ville romaine de Sedjermès
Temple of Celestis, Dougga
A Humble Cafe in the Slipper-Souk, Tunis
Femme juive
Puits arabe et byzantin de Gorombalia
Side-walk in the Souk-des-Etoffes, Tunis
The Carpet School, Algiers
The Vegetable Market, Kairouan
Porte d'un petit café
Le liseur du Çoran
Fillette juive
Front Cover
Tunis from the Olive Woods
Halte dans les forêts de Khroumirie (sur la frontière de l'Algérie)
Marchand de fruits
Mosque of Sidi Okba, Kairouan
Rue Tourbet el Bey, Tunis
Marchands de tapis de la rue des Etoffes
Entrance to the Cafe des Marabouts, Tunis
Café des faubourgs
A River of the Sahara
Back Cover
Title Page
Cavalier en Costume de Fantasia
The Fruit Market, Biskra
The Arab Wedding, Hammam Meskoutine
Front Cover
La Mosquée de Bab-al-Djazira et la rue El-Bechir
Boutiques des faubourgs
Café de la Rue Souk-el-Belat
Barbier populaire
The Leopard Door, Algiers
Ruines byzantines
A Typical Street, Tunis
Jeune fille devant le puits de Batéo
Cavalier en tenue de fantasia
Affûteur de faucilles
Femmes tunisiennes dévidant de la soie
A Popular Cafe, Tunis
Boutique de barbier, place Rab-el-Maar
Marchand d'étoffes
The Arch of Trajan, Timgad
Le bain des femmes sur la plage de la Marsa
The Old Corn Market, Kairouan
A Marabout’sTomb, Kairouan
La Fontaine sacrée de la rue des Libraires
Café de Bal-el-Menar
Evening on the Sahara
Rag Fair
Friday at the Cemetery, Algiers
Petit hammal [II]
Petit hammal [I]
Title Page
The Site of Carthage from Sidi Bou Said
Evening, Kairouan
Femmes nomades à la fontaine
The Gates of the Desert
A Desert Afterglow
Citernes de Carthage dans leur ancien état
The Roman Amphitheatre, El Djem
Un conteur arabe à Bab-Souika


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