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Spitsbergen

Spitsbergen Collection

History Archive - Spitsbergen Collection

Spitzbergen (spits-berg'en), a group of islands in the Arctic Ocean, 400 miles north of Norway. They are covered with ice, with sharp projecting peaks, which give them their name of Spitzbergen, meaning Needle-like Mountains. On the western coast the climate is affected by the Gulf Stream, while the eastern coast is icebound and difficult of access.

There is a scanty vegetation, with 40 species of plants; herds of reindeer, the arctic fox and the polar bear are found, with great swarms of sea-fowl. The longest day is four months, and the long night lasts from Oct. 22 to Feb. 22, in which the moon and stars and occasionally the aurora borealis are the only light. There are no permanent inhabitants, but the islands are visited by Norwegian walrus-hunters and scientific explorers.

References:

Consult Lord Dufferm's Letters from High Latitudes.

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

Available Books

Images

Image Name
Scoresby's Grotta, Kingsbay
Tiroler Fjord
Glacier Gross Bay d. 7 Aug
Aldert Dirkses Bugt Wijde Bay d. 12 Juli 1861
Originalkarte der Pendulum Inseln
Front Cover
Nabbhvalar
Das Teufelsschloss
Treureneg Bay
Nebensonnen
Glacier I Det Infra af Magdalena Bay d. 29 Juli 1861
Ostra Norskon, Nordpynten d. 23 Juli 1861
Konig Wilhelms Land
Kaiser-Franz-Josephs-Fjord und die Petermanns-Spitze
Karte over Spetsbergen
Title Page
Illustrated Title Page
Hvalrossar
Wijde Bay I Det Infre af Vestra Armen
Tre Kroner, Kings Bay - d. 12 Aug 1861
Norsk Oarne d. 1 Juni 1861
Title Page
Ubersichtskarte des nordlichen Theiles von Ostgronland
Ankunft der Hansabote in der Missionsstation Friedrichsthal
Kaiser Franz Josephs Fjord mit der Payerspitze
Green Harbour I Is-Fiord 24/8 64
Konigin-Augusta-Thal
Amsterdam Eiland d. 25 Juli
Scene der Schlittenreise nach Norden
Beeren Eiland d. 13 Mar 1861
Front Cover
Kaiser Franz-Josephs Fjord
Back Cover
N. Fuglo d. 9 Maj

Maps

Map Name
Die zweite Deutsche Nordpolarfahrt Vol. 1 - Originalkarte der Pendulum Inseln (1873)
Die zweite Deutsche Nordpolarfahrt Vol. 1 - Ubersichtskarte des nordlichen Theiles von Ostgronland (1873)
Die zweite Deutsche Nordpolarfahrt Vol. 1 - Kaiser Franz-Josephs Fjord (1873)
Svenska expeditionen till Spetsbergen - Karte over Spetsbergen (1865)

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