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Spitsbergen

Spitsbergen Collection

History Archive - Spitsbergen Collection

Spitzbergen (spits-berg'en), a group of islands in the Arctic Ocean, 400 miles north of Norway. They are covered with ice, with sharp projecting peaks, which give them their name of Spitzbergen, meaning Needle-like Mountains. On the western coast the climate is affected by the Gulf Stream, while the eastern coast is icebound and difficult of access.

There is a scanty vegetation, with 40 species of plants; herds of reindeer, the arctic fox and the polar bear are found, with great swarms of sea-fowl. The longest day is four months, and the long night lasts from Oct. 22 to Feb. 22, in which the moon and stars and occasionally the aurora borealis are the only light. There are no permanent inhabitants, but the islands are visited by Norwegian walrus-hunters and scientific explorers.

References:

Consult Lord Dufferm's Letters from High Latitudes.

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

Available Books

Images

Image Name
Tiroler Fjord
Wijde Bay I Det Infre af Vestra Armen
Title Page
Konigin-Augusta-Thal
Amsterdam Eiland d. 25 Juli
Kaiser Franz Josephs Fjord mit der Payerspitze
Back Cover
Green Harbour I Is-Fiord 24/8 64
Front Cover
Norsk Oarne d. 1 Juni 1861
Aldert Dirkses Bugt Wijde Bay d. 12 Juli 1861
Glacier I Det Infra af Magdalena Bay d. 29 Juli 1861
Originalkarte der Pendulum Inseln
Nebensonnen
Front Cover
Scoresby's Grotta, Kingsbay
Karte over Spetsbergen
Hvalrossar
Ostra Norskon, Nordpynten d. 23 Juli 1861
Ubersichtskarte des nordlichen Theiles von Ostgronland
Kaiser-Franz-Josephs-Fjord und die Petermanns-Spitze
Beeren Eiland d. 13 Mar 1861
Illustrated Title Page
Treureneg Bay
Glacier Gross Bay d. 7 Aug
Nabbhvalar
Scene der Schlittenreise nach Norden
Title Page
Ankunft der Hansabote in der Missionsstation Friedrichsthal
Tre Kroner, Kings Bay - d. 12 Aug 1861
Das Teufelsschloss
Konig Wilhelms Land
Kaiser Franz-Josephs Fjord
N. Fuglo d. 9 Maj

Maps

Map Name
Svenska expeditionen till Spetsbergen - Karte over Spetsbergen (1865)
Die zweite Deutsche Nordpolarfahrt Vol. 1 - Kaiser Franz-Josephs Fjord (1873)
Die zweite Deutsche Nordpolarfahrt Vol. 1 - Originalkarte der Pendulum Inseln (1873)
Die zweite Deutsche Nordpolarfahrt Vol. 1 - Ubersichtskarte des nordlichen Theiles von Ostgronland (1873)

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