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Spitsbergen Collection

History Archive - Spitsbergen Collection

Spitzbergen (spits-berg'en), a group of islands in the Arctic Ocean, 400 miles north of Norway. They are covered with ice, with sharp projecting peaks, which give them their name of Spitzbergen, meaning Needle-like Mountains. On the western coast the climate is affected by the Gulf Stream, while the eastern coast is icebound and difficult of access.

There is a scanty vegetation, with 40 species of plants; herds of reindeer, the arctic fox and the polar bear are found, with great swarms of sea-fowl. The longest day is four months, and the long night lasts from Oct. 22 to Feb. 22, in which the moon and stars and occasionally the aurora borealis are the only light. There are no permanent inhabitants, but the islands are visited by Norwegian walrus-hunters and scientific explorers.


Consult Lord Dufferm's Letters from High Latitudes.

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

Available Books


Image Name
Das Teufelsschloss
Beeren Eiland d. 13 Mar 1861
Green Harbour I Is-Fiord 24/8 64
Karte over Spetsbergen
Glacier Gross Bay d. 7 Aug
N. Fuglo d. 9 Maj
Scoresby's Grotta, Kingsbay
Tiroler Fjord
Title Page
Ostra Norskon, Nordpynten d. 23 Juli 1861
Ankunft der Hansabote in der Missionsstation Friedrichsthal
Tre Kroner, Kings Bay - d. 12 Aug 1861
Kaiser-Franz-Josephs-Fjord und die Petermanns-Spitze
Kaiser Franz Josephs Fjord mit der Payerspitze
Back Cover
Amsterdam Eiland d. 25 Juli
Front Cover
Wijde Bay I Det Infre af Vestra Armen
Glacier I Det Infra af Magdalena Bay d. 29 Juli 1861
Treureneg Bay
Norsk Oarne d. 1 Juni 1861
Scene der Schlittenreise nach Norden
Aldert Dirkses Bugt Wijde Bay d. 12 Juli 1861
Title Page
Konig Wilhelms Land
Originalkarte der Pendulum Inseln
Illustrated Title Page
Ubersichtskarte des nordlichen Theiles von Ostgronland
Kaiser Franz-Josephs Fjord
Front Cover


Map Name
Die zweite Deutsche Nordpolarfahrt Vol. 1 - Kaiser Franz-Josephs Fjord (1873)
Svenska expeditionen till Spetsbergen - Karte over Spetsbergen (1865)
Die zweite Deutsche Nordpolarfahrt Vol. 1 - Ubersichtskarte des nordlichen Theiles von Ostgronland (1873)
Die zweite Deutsche Nordpolarfahrt Vol. 1 - Originalkarte der Pendulum Inseln (1873)


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