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South Africa

South Africa Collection

History Archive - South Africa Collection

Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent. This region is the portion of Africa south of the Cunene and Zambezi Rivers. The terrain of Southern Africa is varied, ranging from forest and grasslands to deserts. The region has both low-lying coastal areas, and mountains. Southern Africa has a wide diversity of ecoregions including grassland, bushveld, karoo, savannah and riparian zones.

There are many species present in the region including white rhino, lion, African leopard, impala, kudu, blue wildebeest, vervet monkey and elephant. It has complex Plateaus that create massive mountain structures along the South African border.

In terms of natural resources, the region has the world's largest resources of platinum and the platinum group elements, chromium, vanadium, and cobalt, as well as uranium, gold, copper, titanium, iron and diamonds. This made southern Africa a resource rich target for the European powers during the colonial age.

Southern Africa is home to many cultures and people. It was initially populated by indigenous or native Africans San, Khoikhoi and Pygmies in widely dispersed concentrations. Due to the Bantu expansion which edged the previous native African peoples to the more remote areas of the region, the majority of African ethnic groups in this region, including the Xhosa, Zulu, Tsonga, Swazi, Northern Ndebele, Southern Ndebele, Tswana, Sotho, and Shona people, BaLunda, Mbundu, Ovimbundu, Shona, Chaga and Sukuma, speak Bantu languages.

The process of colonization and settling resulted in a significant population of native European (Afrikaner, British, Portuguese Africans, etc.) and Asian descent (Cape Malays, Indian South Africans, etc.) in many southern African countries.

Available Books


Image Name
Kaffers on a March
The African Hog
The Southern Part of False Bay, with Cape Hangclip
Christian Matthei, a Half-Caste Hottentot
Camps Bay, on the Victoria Road
Transport Formed Up
View of Grand Cairo
Malay Boy of Cape Town
Table Mountain from Retreat Flats
Dabiyaki and Upapazi, Amazulu Boys in Dancing Dress
Halt in the Desert
Saddling-up at Viljoen's Drift
At Lakeside, looking towards Constantia
Ansicht aus der Ostlinchen Provinz Cradock District
Makay Creole Boy
The Gnoo
Mounted Infantry coming down the Witwatersrand
Fighting in the Bush
A Boer Vrouw
Skirmishing Party of Cape Mounted Rifles
General French's First View of the Transvaal
Mosque at Lucknow
Book Display II
Front Cover
We're All A Nodding
Free State Burghers surrendering at Kroonstad
Wire Cutters to the Front
Illustrated Title Page
Our Doctor ...
Zulu Soldiers of King Pandas Army
New and Remarkable Species of Lepidoptera from Natal and the Zulu Country
Table Bay from the Kloof Nek
Title Page
The Consultation
Zusammenfluss des Nu-Und Kei Gairb Junction
View of the Lion's Head
Bosjesmans Frying Locusts
Ancient Excavations at Carli
Silver Trees and Wild Geraniums
Evening at Welgelegen
The Falls from the Western End of the Chasm
Title Page
Burma Mounted Infantry
Siege Gun Shells destroyed by De Wet
Sand Dunes
A Cape Cart from Cronje's Laager
An old Hottentot Woman, with half caste great-grandchildren
Centre Rock Fall and the Eastern Cataracts
War Balloon on the March
Sandy Bay Valley in the island of St. Helena
Back Cover
Four Portraits From Nature
Inanda Kraal, Natal
Title Page - First Part
A Successful Day
The Town of Dixan in Abyssinia
Front Cover
Plan van het Etablishement aan de Algoa-Baai
On the Victoria Road, near Oude Kraal
Four Portraits From Nature
Herd of Buffaloes Driven to the Edge of the Chasm
Mock Turtle, Very Rich
Baralongs at Thabanchu
Riacotta in the Baramahal
At Lakeside, looking South-East
Ambulances at Wynberg Railway Station
Übersichts Karte von Sud-Afrika
A Sunset on the Lion's Head : Effect of South-east Wind
Utimuni, Nephew of Chaka the late Zulu King
Guard Mounting, Bloemfontein
Front Cover
Mule Transport crossing a Drift
Zulu Kraal on the Umgani with Cattle and Sheep
First Mounted Infantry at Klipriversberg, May 29, 1900
The Patrol Encamped
Title Page
Shoeing in the Veldt
Mathlapi's Hunting Dance in the Zulu Country
Captured Boer Waggons
Kafir Kraal near the Umlazi River, Natal
The Pyramids at Cairo
Front Cover
Town of Leetakoo
Chapman's Peak and Slang Kop Point from Hout Bay
Zulu Blacksmiths at work
A View at Lucknow
Boors Returning From Hunting
The Vale of Calaat
A Mounted Infantry Vedette
Boer Transport crossing a Drift
[Table Bay, with Table Mountain and Cape Town]
A Transport Driver
Back Cover
A Tonga
Ruins of the Fort at Juanpore on the River Goomtee


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