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Riviera

Riviera Collection

History Archive - Riviera Collection

The Riviera is the narrow belt of coast which lies between the mountains and the sea all round the Gulf of Genoa in the north of Italy, extending from Nice on the W. to Spezia on the E. It is usually spoken of as Riviera di Ponente ("the coast of the setting sun"), the portion between Nice and the city of Genoa; and as Riviera di Levante ("the coast of the rising sun"), the portion from Genoa to Spezia.

All this district, being open to the S. and sheltered from the N. and E. winds, enjoys a remarkably mild climate (winter mean, about 49° Fahr.); so much so that the vegetation in many places partakes of a subtropical character (e.g. the pomegranate, agave, prickly pear, date, palm and banana). Large numbers of flowers, especially roses, violets, hyacinths, &c., are grown near Nice, Mentone, Bordighera and other towns, and sent to the London and Paris markets.

Bordighera is particularly noted for its noble groves of date-palms, one of the few places in Europe where these trees grow. The uncommon mildness of the climate, conjoined with the natural beauty of the coast scenery, - the steep sea-crags, the ruined towers and the range of the Maritime Alps, - attracts thousands of invalids and convalescents to spend the winter in the chain of towns and villages which stretch from the one end of the Riviera to the other, while these resorts are frequented for sea-bathing in summer by the Italians.

Proceeding from W. to E. the following are the places to which visitors principally resort: Nice, Monaco (an independent principality), Monte Carlo, Mentone (the last town on the French Riviera), Ventimiglia, Bordighera, Ospedaletti, San Remo, Porto Maurizio, Oneglia, Diano Marina, Alassio, Arenzano, Pegli (in the Riviera di Ponente), and Nervi, Santa Margherita, Rapallo, Chiavari, Sestri Levante, Levanto, Spezia, and San Terenzo (Lerici) in the Riviera di Levante.

The Riviera labours, however, under the grave drawback of being liable to earthquakes. In the 19th century there were four such visitations, in 1818, 1831, 1854 and 1887, which especially affected the western Riviera. A railway runs close along the shore all through the Riviera, the distance from Nice to Genoa being 116 m., and the distance from Genoa to Spezia 56 m. In the latter stretch the line burrows through the many projecting headlands by means of more than eighty tunnels. The pearl of the eastern Riviera is the stretch (6 to 7 m.) between Rapallo and Chiavari.

Lord Byron and Shelley both lived and wrote on the shores of the Gulf of Spezia, and Dickens wrote The Chimes at Genoa.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 23.

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Images

Image Name
Olive Mill, Dolcedo
The Hydropathic Establishment
Church of S. Massimo, near Rapallo
Entrance to Vallebona
Entrance to Camporosso - East
The Nouvelle Salle, or Salle Empire
Via deglo Speddale, Noli
Mont Sainte Victoire and Environs of Aix-en-Provence
Camocli
Evening at Amalfi
Cagnes - Evening
In the Nervia Valley - Castle of the Doria
Letter from Oliver Cromwell
Chronological Plan of the Casino
A Capriote Fisherman's Wife
La Penisola, Sestri Levante
Monte Faito, Castellamare
The Carouba
A Corner near the Market, Nice
Fontvieille, The Industrial Quarter
On the Beach
Street in Cervo San Bartolommeo
Amalfi
A Lane in Noli
Title Page
Rougier Starting for His Flight over the Mediterranean
The Old Church, Mentone
On the Shore, Bordighera - Early Morning
Ravello : Il Duomo
The International Regattas
The Estrelles, from the Beau Site, Cannes
In the Villa Piuma, Sestri Levante
The Market at Nice
The First Casino at Monte Carlo : Northern Aspect in the Sixties
La Piazza, Sestri Levante
La Murtola
Pont St. Louis
Monaco, from the Eas
At Loano
In the Valley of the Mills, Amalfi
Valley of the Var, from St. Romain
Bas-Reliefs found in Ruins of Ligurian
S. Cassien, near Cannes
Reception of the Queens of Beauty
The Prince Tells the President One of His Best Jokes
Piazza Mazzini, S. Margherita
Pass of San Bernardo in the Apennines behind Albenga
Street in Apricale
The Vegetable Market, Nice, looking West
Italy and France. Mouth of the Roya
Monaco Town and Rock
St. Devote
Vesuvius and the Bay of Naples
The Monte Carlo Opera: A Scene from
Albenga from the Centa
Chiesa dell'Oregina, Genoa
Gulf of Frejus and Valley of River Argens with View of Mont Roquebrune
The Strand at Sestri Levante
S. Margherita Ligure
Road near Castellamare
Prehistoric Painting in the Altamira Cavern
Cervo
East View of the Garnier Theatre
Back Cover
Old Bastion, Sarzana
La Rocca, San Remo
Monastery of the Annonciade, Mentone, from the North
Northern Type of Giant
Monaco, vom Cap Martin bei Mentone gesehen
S. Fruttuoso, Portofino
The Riviera Provence (Roman Province) & Regions Adjacent
Arles from the Rhone
Vicolo della Providenza, San Remo
Street in Villanuova, near Albenga
Street in the Old Town, Nice
Villa Franca Harbour
Title Page
In the Borrigo Valley, Mentone
The Old Castle, Levanto
Vai di Sasso bei Bordighera
Between Finale and Noli
Part of the Old Town, San Remo
Noli
The Extremity of the Monaco Rock
Old Tower, Rapallo
The Old Town, Cannes
On the Shore, Sori
Back Cover
Temple of Augustus and Livia at Vienne-en-Dauphine
Title Page
The Chamaerops martiana from the Himalayah
Street in Falicon
The Ancient Palace of the Grimaldis
Monastery of the Annonciade, Mentone, from the South
Zoagli
The Casino Up To 1878 : Southern Aspect, Facing the Sea

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