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Riviera

Riviera Collection

History Archive - Riviera Collection

The Riviera is the narrow belt of coast which lies between the mountains and the sea all round the Gulf of Genoa in the north of Italy, extending from Nice on the W. to Spezia on the E. It is usually spoken of as Riviera di Ponente ("the coast of the setting sun"), the portion between Nice and the city of Genoa; and as Riviera di Levante ("the coast of the rising sun"), the portion from Genoa to Spezia.

All this district, being open to the S. and sheltered from the N. and E. winds, enjoys a remarkably mild climate (winter mean, about 49° Fahr.); so much so that the vegetation in many places partakes of a subtropical character (e.g. the pomegranate, agave, prickly pear, date, palm and banana). Large numbers of flowers, especially roses, violets, hyacinths, &c., are grown near Nice, Mentone, Bordighera and other towns, and sent to the London and Paris markets.

Bordighera is particularly noted for its noble groves of date-palms, one of the few places in Europe where these trees grow. The uncommon mildness of the climate, conjoined with the natural beauty of the coast scenery, - the steep sea-crags, the ruined towers and the range of the Maritime Alps, - attracts thousands of invalids and convalescents to spend the winter in the chain of towns and villages which stretch from the one end of the Riviera to the other, while these resorts are frequented for sea-bathing in summer by the Italians.

Proceeding from W. to E. the following are the places to which visitors principally resort: Nice, Monaco (an independent principality), Monte Carlo, Mentone (the last town on the French Riviera), Ventimiglia, Bordighera, Ospedaletti, San Remo, Porto Maurizio, Oneglia, Diano Marina, Alassio, Arenzano, Pegli (in the Riviera di Ponente), and Nervi, Santa Margherita, Rapallo, Chiavari, Sestri Levante, Levanto, Spezia, and San Terenzo (Lerici) in the Riviera di Levante.

The Riviera labours, however, under the grave drawback of being liable to earthquakes. In the 19th century there were four such visitations, in 1818, 1831, 1854 and 1887, which especially affected the western Riviera. A railway runs close along the shore all through the Riviera, the distance from Nice to Genoa being 116 m., and the distance from Genoa to Spezia 56 m. In the latter stretch the line burrows through the many projecting headlands by means of more than eighty tunnels. The pearl of the eastern Riviera is the stretch (6 to 7 m.) between Rapallo and Chiavari.

Lord Byron and Shelley both lived and wrote on the shores of the Gulf of Spezia, and Dickens wrote The Chimes at Genoa.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 23.

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Images

Image Name
The Hydropathic Establishment
S. Margherita Ligure
The Ancient Palace of the Grimaldis
Old Bastion, Sarzana
Zoagli
The Anthropological Museum
The Indiarubber-tree's Example of Filial Duty [I]
Entrance to Camporosso - West
Mont Sainte Victoire and Environs of Aix-en-Provence
Capo Lungo, Nervi
Villa Franca Harbour
Illustrated Title Page
Title Page
Prehistoric Painting in the Altamira Cavern
The Monte Carlo Opera: A Scene from
Pass of San Bernardo in the Apennines behind Albenga
Between Finale and Noli
Roman Aqueduct at Frejus (Forum Julii)
Faraglioni Rocks, Capri
Charcoal Carriers, Amalfi
East View of the Garnier Theatre
The Caverne du Prince
The Romanesque Church at Albenga
Minori at Sunset
The Newest And Private Part of the Casino
Ravello : Il Duomo
Lieutenant Bouree Takes A Colour Photo-Graph Of The President Of The French Republic
The Monte Carlo Casino : Ball and Concert Room before 1878
In the Blue Grotto, Capri
Amalfi : Piazza and Duomo
Title Page
The Principality of Monaco
A Street Corner, Cagnes
S. Salvatore
The Greengrocer Shop
Olive Mill, Dolcedo
Church of S. Massimo, near Rapallo
Vai di Sasso bei Bordighera
In the Nervia Valley - Castle of the Doria
Title Page
A Procession in San Remo
Roman Milestone in Valley of Laghet, near Nice
France and Italy. On the Shore, Mentone, looking towards Bordighera
Section of Table of Peutinger (circa A.D. 390)
Roquebrune
Albenga from the Centa
The Tete De Chien Mountain, The Prince's Palace And The Condamine
Ancient and Modern Cities and Harbours of Massilia (Marseilles)
Autumn Tints in the Cypress Valley
Roman Bridge, on Via Julia Augusta, between Vado and Cadibona - The Village seen through the Arch
The Promenade, Nervi
Street in Hyeres
Roman Arch at Susa, erected by King Cottius in Honour of Augustus
Title Page
Dolceacqua, with the Castle of the Doria
Vesuvius and the Bay of Naples
Old Church, Hyeres
La Piazza, Sestri Levante
Finalmarina
The Temple of Neptune, Paestum
A Corner near the Market, Nice
The Casino Up To 1878 : Southern Aspect, Facing the Sea
A Capriote Fisherman's Wife
Rocks on the Shore, Nervi
Piazza Mazzini, S. Margherita
The "Castello Brown," Portofino
Monaco, vom Cap Martin bei Mentone gesehen
Afternoon, Sorrento
Street in Cervo San Bartolommeo
An Old Street in Monte Carlo
Mediaeval Bridge, Replacing Roman Pons Argenteus
Ancient Wall and Raised Footway at Entremont
Front Cover
Chiesa dell'Oregina, Genoa
Vernazza
The Vegetable Market, Nice, looking West
The Mexican Serpent Cactus Attacking an African Date-palm
The Carouba
S. Cassien, near Cannes
On the Shore, Sori
Chronological Plan of the Casino
Tower at Bergeggi
Reception of the Queens of Beauty
The Oceanographic Institute in Paris
Old Walls, Ventimiglia, and Church of S. Michele
The International Regattas
View from Santa Croce, looking towards Albenga - Early Morning
The Condamine, Monaco Harbour and the Palace
Temple of Augustus and Livia at Vienne-en-Dauphine
La Murtola
On the Road to Ravello
The Battle of Flowers
Valley of the Var, from St. Romain
Strand bei Nervi
Entrance Gate, Auribeau
International Motor Boat Exhibition and Competition

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