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Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro Collection

History Archive - Rio de Janeiro Collection

Rio de Janeiro, capital of Brazil, stands on the western side of one of the finest natural harbors in the world. The city and its suburbs stretch nearly ten miles along the shore, while great mountain-ranges shut in the background. About three miles southwest stands the precipitous cone of Corcovado, up which a cog-railway carries 100,000 visitors every year to enjoy the magnificent view of land and sea.

The city is the commercial as well as political capital of Brazil, sending more than half of its exports and bringing in. 45 per cent, of the imports. The exports of Brazil in 1910 amounted to £75,465,109, the greater portion of this amount being derived from coffee. Manganese ores are largely exported from Bahia and Rio de Janeiro. At Rio, besides large flour-mills, there are important woolen factories of cloths, felts, flannels and rugs.

In January of 1531 Alphonso de Sousa, a Portuguese captain, entered the bay, and, thinking it the mouth of a large river, named it Rio de Janerio - that is, January River; but the city was not founded until 1536. Its population, including many foreigners, is about 1,000,000. The state of Rio de Janeiro has an area of 26,634 square miles, and population of 926,035. Rio de Janeiro is represented in the Brazilian Congress (chamber of deputies) by 17 deputies. In 1903-04 military interference in the states of the republic led to a naval revolt in the Bay of Rio de Janeiro, which was suppressed later.

References:

The New Student's Reference Work (1914) pg. 1616

Available Books

Images

Image Name
The Royal Mail Steam Packet
"Villino Nair"
Eastern Side of the Harbour of Rio de Janeiro
Map of Brazil with Railways
S.W. View of Fort Santa Cruz
Boto Fogo
The Chege and Cadeira
South Suburban Rio - Ipanema
Offices of the Leopoldina Railway
Botafogo Bay Plate 1
Front Cover
Entrance to the Harbour of Rio de Janeiro . Sugar Loaf about Two miles Distant
Novo Friburgo (Colonia Suissa, ao Morro Queimado)
Offices of the Jornal do Commercio
Bird's-eye View of the ancient Carioca Viaduct
Ministry of Traffic and Public Works
Vista de N.S. da Gloria et da Barra do Rio de Janeiro
Espirito Santo
Rio Customs Wharf
A Military Encampment on the Upper Amazon
Vista do Sacco d'Alferes & de St. Cristovao
Huma Historia
Terminus of the Central Railway of Brazil
A Bit of Rio's North Western Suburbs
Offices of the Rio Tramway, Light and Power Company
Residence of Mr. Joseph Walker, Petropolis
Convicts
Ministry of Agriculture
The
Residence of Senator Ruy Barboza
Cattete Palace
Bamboo Grove, Botanical Gardens
Jute Mills of the Cia. Nacional de Tecidos de Juta
Civil Police Headquarters
Aerial Car descending from the Sugar Loaf Mount
Funeral of a Negro
Back Cover
Avenue of Royal Palms, Botanical Gardens
View of the Western Side of the Harbour of Rio de Janeiro
Point of the Calhabouco from the Gloria
Map of the Railways of Brazil
A View of Rio and the Bay, showing Messrs. Walker's Wall
A Bit of Rio with the Ilha das Cobras and the Ilha Fiscal
Boa Viagem
The Store Cart
Botafogo Bay Plate 2
Aerial Car reaching Summit of the Sugar Loaf
A Pleasure Cart
The Ride or Net
Back Cover
Hotel dos Estrangeiros
The Praca da Lapa and Praca da Gloria
Leopoldina Railway
Garden of the Itamaraty Palace
Workshops of the Lloyd Brasileiro Steamship Company
A Corner of the Hall of Honour, Cattete Palace
Front Cover
Title Page
Sick Slaves
Caixa de Amortizacao
A Market Stall
Gaunabara Palace
A Brazilian Family
Title Page
Approach to Rio de Janeiro, from the Westward toward Sugar Loaf, about Four Leagues Distant
View from the Landing Place at the Gloria
Residence of Mr. Frank H. Walter, Petropolis
The Brazilian Super-Dreadnought
View of the City of Rio de Janeiro taken from the Anchorage
A Pedlar and his Slave
Title Page
Prefecture of the Federal District
Largo da Gloria
Back Cover
Ilha das Corbas
The Waterfall of Tijuca
Penetrating the Amazonian Forest
Tejuca Mountains
The National Library
Vista Tomada de St. Thereza
Moorish Building and Mssrs. Guinle's Offices
General Map of the Western Telegraph Company's System
The British Bank of South America
Corner of the Praca da Gloria
The Bay of Guanabara
Troperos or Muleteers
Na. Sa. da Gloria
Copocabana and Leme
Front Cover
Municipal Theatre, Avenida Rio Branco
The Beira Mar Drive
The Slave Market
St. Joao de Carachy, a Praya Grande
Residence of Dr. Pedro de Toledo
Residence of Count Paulo de Frontin, Petropolis
View of the Falls of Iguassu

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