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Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro Collection

History Archive - Rio de Janeiro Collection

Rio de Janeiro, capital of Brazil, stands on the western side of one of the finest natural harbors in the world. The city and its suburbs stretch nearly ten miles along the shore, while great mountain-ranges shut in the background. About three miles southwest stands the precipitous cone of Corcovado, up which a cog-railway carries 100,000 visitors every year to enjoy the magnificent view of land and sea.

The city is the commercial as well as political capital of Brazil, sending more than half of its exports and bringing in. 45 per cent, of the imports. The exports of Brazil in 1910 amounted to £75,465,109, the greater portion of this amount being derived from coffee. Manganese ores are largely exported from Bahia and Rio de Janeiro. At Rio, besides large flour-mills, there are important woolen factories of cloths, felts, flannels and rugs.

In January of 1531 Alphonso de Sousa, a Portuguese captain, entered the bay, and, thinking it the mouth of a large river, named it Rio de Janerio - that is, January River; but the city was not founded until 1536. Its population, including many foreigners, is about 1,000,000. The state of Rio de Janeiro has an area of 26,634 square miles, and population of 926,035. Rio de Janeiro is represented in the Brazilian Congress (chamber of deputies) by 17 deputies. In 1903-04 military interference in the states of the republic led to a naval revolt in the Bay of Rio de Janeiro, which was suppressed later.

References:

The New Student's Reference Work (1914) pg. 1616

Available Books

Images

Image Name
Back Cover
The Royal Mail Steam Packet Company's Offices, Avenida Rio Branco
Bamboo Grove, Botanical Gardens
Residence of Count Paulo de Frontin, Petropolis
The Royal Mail Steam Packet
A Corner of the Hall of Honour, Cattete Palace
Butterflies
Hotel dos Estrangeiros
British Legation, Petropolis
Novo Friburgo (Colonia Suissa, ao Morro Queimado)
The Botafogo Portion of Rio's Bay-side Avenue
Moorish Building and Mssrs. Guinle's Offices
Victoria Regia
Plantacao de Cafe
The Ride or Net
View near Botafogo Bay
Approach to Rio de Janeiro, from the Westward toward Sugar Loaf, about Four Leagues Distant
Front Cover
Entrance to the Harbour of Rio de Janeiro . Sugar Loaf about Two miles Distant
Lagoa de Freitas
Ilha das Corbas
The
Offices of the Jornal do Commercio
A Military Encampment on the Upper Amazon
View from the Landing Place at the Gloria
A View of Rio and the Bay, showing Messrs. Walker's Wall
S.W. View of the City of Rio de Janeiro
Title Page
A Brazilian Family
S.W. View of Fort Santa Cruz
The British Bank of South America
South Suburban Rio - Ipanema
Title Page
The Waterfall of Tijuca
A Bit of Rio with the Ilha das Cobras and the Ilha Fiscal
The Praca da Lapa and Praca da Gloria
Funeral of a Negro
The National Library
St. Joao de Carachy, a Praya Grande
The Itamaraty Palace
Sick Slaves
Braganca
Looking down from the Eastern Edge of Cocovado
A Market Stall
A Pedlar and his Slave
Avenue of Royal Palms, Botanical Gardens
Tejuca Mountains
Aerial Car reaching Summit of the Sugar Loaf
Gaunabara Palace
Bird's-eye View of the ancient Carioca Viaduct
Copocabana and Leme
Residence of Mr. Frank H. Walter, Petropolis
Point of the Calhabouco from the Gloria
Offices of the Rio Tramway, Light and Power Company
A Bit of Rio's North Western Suburbs
Boto Fogo
Eastern Side of the Harbour of Rio de Janeiro
Convicts
Rio Customs Wharf
Residence of Senator Ruy Barboza
Civil Police Headquarters
Vista do Sacco d'Alferes & de St. Cristovao
Offices of the Leopoldina Railway
Ministry of Agriculture
Jute Mills of the Cia. Nacional de Tecidos de Juta
A Pleasure Cart
Na. Sa. da Gloria
Cattete Palace
Residence of Mr. Joseph Walker, Petropolis
Huma Historia
View of the Falls of Iguassu
Corner of the Praca da Gloria
View of the Western Side of the Harbour of Rio de Janeiro
Botafogo Bay Plate 2
"Villino Nair"
A Cascade at Tijuca
Espirito Santo
International Hotel, Santa Thereza
Map of the Railways of Brazil
The Bay of Guanabara
Aerial Car descending from the Sugar Loaf Mount
The Lazaretto
Troperos or Muleteers
The Brazilian Super-Dreadnought
Back Cover
The Palace
A Glimpse of the Lake at Riberao das Lages
Front Cover
Residence of Dr. Pedro de Toledo
Map of Rio de Janeiro
Criminals Carrying Provisions to the Prison
Back Cover
Caixa de Amortizacao
Terminus of the Central Railway of Brazil
Moro do Castello & da Praya d'Ajuda
Pretos de Ganho

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