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Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro Collection

History Archive - Rio de Janeiro Collection

Rio de Janeiro, capital of Brazil, stands on the western side of one of the finest natural harbors in the world. The city and its suburbs stretch nearly ten miles along the shore, while great mountain-ranges shut in the background. About three miles southwest stands the precipitous cone of Corcovado, up which a cog-railway carries 100,000 visitors every year to enjoy the magnificent view of land and sea.

The city is the commercial as well as political capital of Brazil, sending more than half of its exports and bringing in. 45 per cent, of the imports. The exports of Brazil in 1910 amounted to £75,465,109, the greater portion of this amount being derived from coffee. Manganese ores are largely exported from Bahia and Rio de Janeiro. At Rio, besides large flour-mills, there are important woolen factories of cloths, felts, flannels and rugs.

In January of 1531 Alphonso de Sousa, a Portuguese captain, entered the bay, and, thinking it the mouth of a large river, named it Rio de Janerio - that is, January River; but the city was not founded until 1536. Its population, including many foreigners, is about 1,000,000. The state of Rio de Janeiro has an area of 26,634 square miles, and population of 926,035. Rio de Janeiro is represented in the Brazilian Congress (chamber of deputies) by 17 deputies. In 1903-04 military interference in the states of the republic led to a naval revolt in the Bay of Rio de Janeiro, which was suppressed later.


The New Student's Reference Work (1914) pg. 1616

Available Books


Image Name
Tejuca Mountains
Moro do Castello & da Praya d'Ajuda
The Brazilian Super-Dreadnought
Eastern Side of the Harbour of Rio de Janeiro
View near Botafogo Bay
Vista Tomada de St. Thereza
Criminals Carrying Provisions to the Prison
Back Cover
Civil Police Headquarters
Sick Slaves
Looking down from the Eastern Edge of Cocovado
Ministry of Agriculture
View of the City of Rio de Janeiro taken from the Anchorage
Botafogo Bay Plate 1
Back Cover
The Waterfall of Tijuca
The Slave Market
The Beira Mar Drive
Copocabana and Leme
A Pedlar and his Slave
The Itamaraty Palace
Victoria Regia
Front Cover
General Map of the Western Telegraph Company's System
Troperos or Muleteers
Leopoldina Railway
Cattete Palace
A Bit of Rio's North Western Suburbs
A Glimpse of the Lake at Riberao das Lages
Boto Fogo
Point of the Calhabouco from the Gloria
Boa Viagem
South Suburban Rio - Ipanema
Plantacao de Cafe
Residence of Senator Ruy Barboza
A Bit of Rio with the Ilha das Cobras and the Ilha Fiscal
St. Joao de Carachy, a Praya Grande
A Market Stall
Offices of the Jornal do Commercio
A Brazilian Family
Moorish Building and Mssrs. Guinle's Offices
Map of Brazil with Railways
Huma Historia
S.W. View of the City of Rio de Janeiro
Avenue of Royal Palms, Botanical Gardens
Terminus of the Central Railway of Brazil
Entrance to the Harbour of Rio de Janeiro . Sugar Loaf about Two miles Distant
Workshops of the Lloyd Brasileiro Steamship Company
Ministry of Traffic and Public Works
Vista de N.S. da Gloria et da Barra do Rio de Janeiro
View from the Landing Place at the Gloria
Municipal Theatre, Avenida Rio Branco
Residence of Count Paulo de Frontin, Petropolis
Map of Rio de Janeiro
Corner of the Praca da Gloria
Residence of General Pinheiro Machado
Gaunabara Palace
View of the Western Side of the Harbour of Rio de Janeiro
A Pleasure Cart
Funeral of a Negro
Back Cover
The British Bank of South America
The Royal Mail Steam Packet
Bamboo Grove, Botanical Gardens
Caixa de Amortizacao
Pretos de Ganho
Lagoa de Freitas
Front Cover
Novo Friburgo (Colonia Suissa, ao Morro Queimado)
Ilha das Corbas
Residence of Dr. Pedro de Toledo
Title Page
A View of Rio and the Bay, showing Messrs. Walker's Wall
Approach to Rio de Janeiro, from the Westward toward Sugar Loaf, about Four Leagues Distant
Title Page
A Corner of the Hall of Honour, Cattete Palace
Largo da Gloria
Rio Customs Wharf
Title Page
The Bay of Guanabara
The Store Cart
British Legation, Petropolis
Botafogo Bay Plate 2
The Royal Mail Steam Packet Company's Offices, Avenida Rio Branco
Jute Mills of the Cia. Nacional de Tecidos de Juta
Garden of the Itamaraty Palace
Residence of Mr. Frank H. Walter, Petropolis
Prefecture of the Federal District
Offices of the Rio Tramway, Light and Power Company
View of the Falls of Iguassu
A Military Encampment on the Upper Amazon
The Lazaretto
Offices of the Leopoldina Railway


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