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Portugal

Portugal Collection

History Archive - Portugal Collection

Portugal is a nation located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain. Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments.

Portugal is the oldest nation state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times. The pre-Celtic people, Celts, Carthaginians and Romans were followed by the invasions of the Visigoths and Suebi Germanic peoples. Portugal as a country was established during the Christian Reconquista against the Moors who had invaded the Iberian Peninsula in 711 AD. Founded in 868, the County of Portugal gained prominence after the Battle of São Mamede in 1128. The Kingdom of Portugal was later proclaimed following the Battle of Ourique in 1139, and independence from León was recognized by the Treaty of Zamora in 1143.

In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global empire, becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers. During this period, today referred to as the Age of Discovery, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration, notably under royal patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator and King John II, with such notable voyages as Bartolomeu Dias' sailing beyond the Cape of Good Hope (1488), Vasco da Gama's discovery of the sea route to India (1497-98) and the European discovery of Brazil (1500).

During this time Portugal monopolized the spice trade, divided the world into hemispheres of dominion with Castille, and the empire expanded with military campaigns in Asia. However, events such as the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, the country's occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, the independence of Brazil (1822), and a late industrialization compared to other European powers, erased to a great extent Portugal's prior opulence.

After the 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established, later being superseded by the Estado Novo right-wing authoritarian regime. Democracy was restored after the Carnation Revolution in 1974, ending the Portuguese Colonial War. Shortly after, independence was granted to almost all its overseas territories. The handover of Macau to China in 1999 marked the end of what can be considered the longest-lived colonial empire.

Available Books

Images

Image Name
Title Page
View up the Tejo
Sketch of the Disposition of the Allies under the Command of Lieut. Gen. Hill
Silves, the ancient Capital of Algarve
Armed Peasant of the Ciudad Rodrigo Militia
Cintra from the West
Bridge of Boats at Porto, on the River Douro
A French Dragoon
Street Scene in Lisbon
Vidigal's Modinha of Cruel Saudade
The Boleras Dance
Entrance to the Penna
Aliejos, a town in the Plains of Leon
Near San Payo, on the road to Redondela, looking towards Vigo
Plan of the Fortress of St. Sebastian
Sir Arthur Wellesley's Quarters, Vimieiro, 21st & 22nd Aug 1808 Estremadura
Lagos Bridge, Algarve
Monchique near Cape San Vicente Algarve
Torres Vedlas from the North-West
Plan of Tarifa and Island in the Straits of Gibraltar
Ponte de Lima, anciently called Forum Limicorum Entre Douro-e-Minho
Dedication
Begging for the Festival of N.S. d'Atalaya
A Private of French Infantry
Albofeira, from the road leading to Faro: Algarve
Interior of the Cathedral of Salamanca
Entrance of the Harbour of Portimao, Algarve
The Cork Convent
City of Tuy on the Mino; Galicia
Cintra, from the Road leading to Mafra; Estramadura
Title Page
Procession of the Sesor dos Passos de Graca
An Old Chapel of the Moorish Castle
Title Page
Front Cover
Bishop of Guarda
Sketch of the Action between the British and French Forces at Vimieiro, Portugal, 21st August, 1808
A Part of the Palace, Cintra
Plan of Badajoz
A Distant View of the Penna Convent
Spanish Courier
A Peasant Boy of Nisa
Convent near Cintra on the Highest pinnacle of the Rock of Lisboa Estramadura
First degree of Torture of the Inquisition
Military Execution
Day of All Souls, in the Convent of St. Joao de Deos.
The Convent of Na. Sra. Da Penna
Hot Baths, in the Mountains of Monchique, Algarve
Villa Nova de Portimao Algarve
Fourth degree of Torture of the Inquisition
Cintra
City of Coimbra, anciently called Conimbra, from near the Bridge Beira
Title Page
Front Cover
Pass of Manzanal
French coins shewing their value as directed to pass current in Portugal by General Junot.
Mouth of the Tejo
Aljezur from the South Algarve
Royal Palace of Mafra, Estramadura
Lisbon Police Guard and Armed Peasant of Algarva
A Lisbon Chiase
Peasant in a Straw Coat
Third degree of Torture of the Inquisition
Sketch of the Action near the Hill of Barrosa on 5th March 1811
A Doctor of Salamanca
Back Cover
Attack of the Castle of Burgos, 1812
Spanish Light Horse
Opomar Velho, in the mountain of Monchique, Algarve
Going home from the Lisbon Market
Lisboa or Lisbon, the Capital of Portugal
Franciscans
Entrance to Cintra, from Lisbon
The Church of Cintra
A Lady of Lisbon in her walking dress
Plan of the Action near Coruna, Jan 16th, 1809
Portuguese Marine
Salamanca
Spanish coins shewing their value as directed to pass current in Portugal by General Junot.
Party at Rio de Janeiro. A castrate singing
Landing place at Belem
Portuguese Legion of Alorgna
Bay and Harbour of Lagos, from O Pinhao Algarve
Ford on the River Sever, between Montalvao in Portugal, and Herrera in Spain: Alentejo
Interior of the Dominican Church, Salamanca
Plan of the Battle of Busaco, 27th September, 1810
View on the Tagus near Villa Velha
Flying Bridge on the Tejo, at Villa-Velha
The Convent of the Penha Longa
City of Coimbra, anciently called Conimbra, from the South: Beira
Palmella, from the road leading to Moita: Estramadura
Villa-Nova de Mil Fontes, Alemtejo
Creek of Maceira
Villa Franca
Toro
Title Page

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