History Archive Icon

History Archive

Peru

Peru Collection

History Archive - Peru Collection

Peru is a country on the western Pacific coast of South America that formed the traditional homeland for the Inca civilization. Following the European arrival in the New World though, the Inca kings were toppled by the Spanish conquistador Pizarro. In fact, the name Peru is derived from Biru which is a small river on the west coast of Colombia where Pizarro first landed.

Peru is divided longitudinally into three well-defined regions, the coast, the sierra and the montana. The coast, extending from the base of the Western or Maritime Cordillera to the Pacific Ocean, consists of a sandy desert crossed at intervals bv rivers flowing through narrow, fertile valleys. The sierra is the region of the Andes, and is about 250 m. in width. It contains stupendous chains of mountains, elevated plains and table-lands, warm and fertile valleys and ravines. The montana is the region of tropical forests within the valley of the Amazon, and skirts the eastern slopes of the Andes.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 21. pgs. 264-278.

Available Books

Book Title Date
Peru - Cuzco: a Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru Cuzco: a Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru 1856
Peru - The Present State of Peru The Present State of Peru 1805
Peru - History of the Conquest of Peru Vol. 1 History of the Conquest of Peru Vol. 1 1847
Peru - History of the Conquest of Peru Vol. 2 History of the Conquest of Peru Vol. 2 1847
Peru - Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Amerique] Vol. 2 1821
Peru - The Necropolis of Ancon Vol. 3 The Necropolis of Ancon Vol. 3 1880
Peru - The Necropolis of Ancon Vol. 2 The Necropolis of Ancon Vol. 2 1880
Peru - The Necropolis of Ancon Vol. 1 The Necropolis of Ancon Vol. 1 1880
Peru - Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico 1827
Peru - Peru; Incidents of Travel and Exploration Peru; Incidents of Travel and Exploration 1877
Peru - A Survey of Ancient Peruvian Art A Survey of Ancient Peruvian Art 1917
Peru - An Account of the Conquest of Peru An Account of the Conquest of Peru 1917
Peru - Race and Society in the Andean Countries Race and Society in the Andean Countries 1918
Peru - Relation of the Discovery and the Conquest of the Kingdoms of Peru Vol. 1 Relation of the Discovery and the Conquest of the Kingdoms of Peru Vol. 1 1921
Peru - Relation of the Discovery and the Conquest of the Kingdoms of Peru Vol. 2 Relation of the Discovery and the Conquest of the Kingdoms of Peru Vol. 2 1921
Peru - Biblioteca Andina Biblioteca Andina 1928
Peru - A Study of Peruvian Textiles A Study of Peruvian Textiles 1932
Peru - Parte Primera dela Chronica del Peru Parte Primera dela Chronica del Peru 1553
Peru - The Seventeen Years Travels of Peter de Cieza The Seventeen Years Travels of Peter de Cieza 1709
Peru - The Travels of Pedro de Cieza de Leon The Travels of Pedro de Cieza de Leon 1864
Peru - Segunda Parte de La Cronica del Peru Segunda Parte de La Cronica del Peru 1880
Peru - Ttahuantin-Suyu or the Empire of the Yncas Ttahuantin-Suyu or the Empire of the Yncas 1880
Peru - The Second Part of the Chronicle of Peru The Second Part of the Chronicle of Peru 1883
Peru - The War of Quito The War of Quito 1913
Peru - The War of Chupas The War of Chupas 1918
Peru - The War of Las Salinas The War of Las Salinas 1923
Peru - La Cronica del Peru La Cronica del Peru 1922
Peru - Travels in Various Parts of Peru Vol. 1 Travels in Various Parts of Peru Vol. 1 1830
Peru - Travels in Various Parts of Peru Vol. 2 Travels in Various Parts of Peru Vol. 2 1830
Peru - Ancient Civilizations of the Andes Ancient Civilizations of the Andes 1931
Peru - In the Wonderland of Peru In the Wonderland of Peru 1913
Peru - Inca land : Explorations in the Highlands of Peru Inca land : Explorations in the Highlands of Peru 1922
Peru - Vitcos, the Last Inca Capital Vitcos, the Last Inca Capital 1912
Peru - An Historical and Descriptive Account of the Peruvian Sheep An Historical and Descriptive Account of the Peruvian Sheep 1811
Peru - Perou et Bolivie Perou et Bolivie 1880
Peru - Across Unknown South America Vol. 1 Across Unknown South America Vol. 1 1913
Peru - Across Unknown South America Vol. 2 Across Unknown South America Vol. 2 1913
Peru - Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana Recuerdos de la Monarquia Peruana 1850

Images

Image Name
Sections of the graves
Vue de la mission de San-Fidelis
Huascar Inca
Palais des Incas appele Callo
Dress Materials horizontally striped
Painted sepulchral Tablets
Borders and border-like fabrics
Gobelins fabric ornamented in superior style
Head-Gear and accompanying Feather ornaments
Male inhabitant of Lima of the middle class of society
Les Camacans
Slightly deformed Skull [II]
Greatly deformed Skull [I]
Les Indiens Jesuitiques
Dress Materials and Borderings
Fillets
Riclily ornamented Woollen Dress
Passementerie Work
Lloque Jupanqui
Title Page
Back Cover
Back Cover
Sepulchral deposits
Method of packing the false-headed Mummies
Sacrifices des anciens Peruviens
Vue de Buenos-Ayres
Sinchi Rocca
Cuari ou cabanes des Puris
Singes
Large Mummy with false head
Indians at Cuzco
Just Sahuaraura Ynca Vii Portrait
Indian Warrior belonging to a barbarous Tribe
Woollen Gobelins fabrics with Animal figures
Puris dans leurs forets
Forteresse du Cannar d'apres l'Atlas de Humboldt
Habillement des habitans de la Conception
Urns with Human Features
Counterpart of Material on previous Plate
Patres Espagnols du Paraguay
Book Display
Virgin of the Sun
Simple Mummies in coloured striped cerements
Back Cover
Diverse Fancy and Ornamental Objects
Emperors of Peru [I]
Llamas or Peruvian Sheep
Ttupac Inca Yupanqui
Formes, habillement et parure etc [III]
Cotton dress Materials
Border of a Robe of the Talaria Type
Oiseaux
A Mestizo of Quito professing a Liberal Art accompanied by his Pupil
Wigs of the false heads
Greatly deformed Skull [IV]
Idolees des Caribes
Passage de la montagne de Quindiu
The Necropolis of Ancon
Poorly equipped Mummies
Ear-Pendants
Formes, habillement et parure etc [II]
Gobelins Materials with Human figures — Portions of Woollen Garments
Dress Materials
Soldats de la plage orientale de la Plata
Singes de la Guyanne Espagnole
Bannerlike Decorations
Woollen Borders
Les habitans de Quito
Fine Earthenware
Ornamented Corners
Slightly deformed Skull [III]
Cotton Materials with Woollen trimmings
Gobelins Fabrics with Human and Animal figures — Portions of Woollen Garments
Huayna Ccapac
Maniere dont les Incas mariaient les Princes du sang
Canne a sucre, culture etc
Ustensiles des Coroados, des Botocudos etc
Indiens Pampas
Remains of Dogs and Foxes
Manco Ccapac
Volcans de Quito - le Cotopaxi
Ilheos
Mummies with wig and ear ornaments
Plan of Ancon and neighbouring Necropolis
Llama
Dress Materials with Geometrical Patterns
Borderings of Garments
Animals as sepulchral Offerings - Matting used at Burials
Title Page
Armes et Ustensiles des Paris, des Coroados, etc
Basilio Huaylas, the Peruvian giant
Materials for Robes of the Talaria Type
Female Domestic of Lima of the Class of Quaterrons
Bridge over the Apurimao
Maize Cobs
Cascade de Rio Vinagre

Maps

Map Name
Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico - The World on Mercator's Projection (1827)
Cuzco: a Journey to the Ancient Capital of Peru - A Map of Peru (1856)
Historical Researches on the Conquest of Peru, Mexico - Anahuac in the Year 1521 Containing the Empire of Mexico (1827)
Ttahuantin-Suyu or the Empire of the Yncas - Ttahuantin-Suyu or the Empire of the Yncas (1880)

Regions

View All Regions
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo
History of Humanity - Mafia History Logo