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Persia

Persia Collection

History Archive - Persia Collection

Persia was a kingdom of western Asia, bounded on the N. by the Caspian Sea and the Russian Transcaucasian and Transcaspian territories, on the E. by Afghanistan and Baluchistan, on the S. by the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf, and on the W. by Turkish territory.

Long before the Christian era the satrapies of Darius comprehended roughly an immense range of territory, from the Mediterranean to the Indus and from the Caucasian chain and Jaxartes to the Persian Gulf and Arabian Ocean. In the 17th and 18th centuries A.D. the conquests of Abbas and Nadir kept up these boundaries more or less on the east, but failed to secure them on the west, and were limited to the Caucasus and Oxus on the north.

Persia of the present day is not only, in the matter of geographical definition, far from the vast empire of Sacred Writ and remote history, but it is not even the less extensive dominion of the Safawi kings and Nadir Shah. It may be said, however, to comprise now quite as much settled and consolidated territory as at any period of its political existence of which we can speak with authority.

In the early 1900's the principal cities of Persia with their populations as estimated in 1908 are: Teheran (280,000); Tabriz (200,000); Isfahan (100,000); Meshed (80,000); Kerman, Resht, Shiraz (60,000); Barfurush, Kazvin, Yezd (50,000); Hamadan, Kermanshah (40,000); Kashan, Khoi, Urmia (35,000); Birjend, Burujird, Bushire, Dizful, Kum, Senendij (Sinna), Zenjan (25,000 to 30,000); Amol, Ardebil, Ardistan, Astarabad, Abekuh, Bam, Bander, Abbasi, Bander Lingah, Darnghan, Dilman, Istahbanat, Jahrum, Khunsar, Kumishah, Kuchan, Marand, Maragha, Nishapur, Sari, Sabzevar, Samnan, Shahrud, Shushter (10,000 to 20,000).

In 1881 the estimated the population of Persia at 7,653,600, 1,963,800 urban, 3,780,000 rural and 1,909,800 wandering ("Bevolkerung der Erde," p. 28, Ency. Brit. 9th ed. p. 628); and, allowing for an increase of about 1% per annum the population for 1910 may be estimated at 10 millions. No statistics whatever being kept, nothing precise is known of the movement of the population. During the ninth decade of the 19th century many Persian subjects emigrated, and many Persian villages were deserted and fell to ruins; since then a small immigration has set in and new villages have been founded.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 21 pgs. 187-252..

Available Books

Images

Image Name
Dame persan en Scpapkin de Brocard
VI.
VII. Sikandrah
XXXIII. A Zenana Garden
Chasseurs dragons
Vue exterieure d'un village persan
XXX. Flowers and Butterflies
Musique Militaire
Mirza en robe de Ceremonie
Back Cover
XXIII. The Diwan-i-'Am (Shalimar Bagh)*
X. The Gates were as of Pearl*
A Persian Muleteer, with his Winter Cloak of Goatskin
XXIV. The Nishat Bagh
Archer cavalier persan
Nackzachi-Bachi Grand maitre des Ceremonies
Priest Abraham of Ooroomiah
Dame circassienne en costume national
Spine
A Persian Lady at Home
Van
Zombarek Artillerie irreguliere legere
Title Page
Baku Fire Temple
Serbas soldat regulier de la premiere formation
Circassian Marauders
Punition persane
XVI. A Roof Garden
XL. The Chenar Tree Throne
Church of the Monastery of Etchmiadzin
XXVII. The Octagonal Tank (Verinag Bagh)*
Akthamar from Aghavank
Mission Seminary at Oroomiah
Stone Parterre (Taj) & Brick Parterre (Lahore)
XXXI. An Eighteenth Century Garden
Plan of a Garden in one of the Island Palaces at Udaipur
Title Page
A Nestorian Girl with her ornaments
Front Cover
Shalimar Bagh (Kashmir)
A Persian Meerza, or Scribe
A Persian Dervish
Vue interieure d'un Caravanserai de ville
Front Cover
Priest Zadoc, Brother of the Nestorian Patriarch
Dame georgienne en costume national
XVIII. Portrait Miniature of Nur-Jahan Begam
Title Page
Persan se promenant a cheval en fumant
XXXIX. The Pillar of Vishnu (Fatehpur Sikri)
IX. Floral Detail from the Taj Dado
Mar Gabriel, a Nestorian Bishop
A Persian Lady veiled to go abroad
Ceremonie des funerailles persanes
XXV. The Lower Pavilion (Nishat Bagh)*
Femme nestoriene
XX. A Princess at her Garden Gate
Femme du Roi voyageant a cheval
Cheick al Islam (Grand Pretre de Perse)
Title Page
Zombarek dechargeant sa piece sur un chameau
Persan couvert de son Kurck
VIII. An Offering to Naga*
Plan of a Garden in one of the Island Palaces at Udaipur
Persan en Katebi de velours
Spine
XVII. The Diwan-i-Khas, Delhi*
Califa (Eveque) nestorien
Vue exterieure d'un Caravanserai forain
Georgian Costumes
Femmes du Roi voyageant en Caktirevan
Toufangchi nestorien du Hekary
XXXVII. The Marble Swing (Deeg)
Criminel Persan a la chaine
A Nestorian Girl, carrying water
Dame persanne a la promenade couverte du Chadera et du Roubend
Mar Yohannan, A Bishop of Oroomiah
Schotter-Bachi chef Coureurs du Roi
Homme du peuple en hourdi
Dame curde a la promenade
Gounip from Chegeer
Carte de la Perse Pour le Voyage du Colonel G Dourville 1819
XXI.The Paradise Carpet
Muhammed Shah, King of Persia
Afchard courant au galop apres un Turc
Tombs of the Kings, Nakchi Rustum
Mar Elias, a Nestorian Bishop
Femme armenien ne tenant un enfant par la main
XXII. The Old Entrance (Shalimar Bagh, Lahore)*
Persan en habit d'ete
Title Page
Portrait du Roi actuel de Perse; Fatey-Aly Schah
A Persian Soldier
Dunka, a Nestorian Priest from the Mountains
Toufangchi nestorien du Hekary
XXVI. A Riverside Garden

Maps

Map Name
Voyage en Perse Vol. 2 - Carte de la Perse Pour le Voyage du Colonel G Dourville 1819 (1825)

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