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Persia

Persia Collection

History Archive - Persia Collection

Persia was a kingdom of western Asia, bounded on the N. by the Caspian Sea and the Russian Transcaucasian and Transcaspian territories, on the E. by Afghanistan and Baluchistan, on the S. by the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf, and on the W. by Turkish territory.

Long before the Christian era the satrapies of Darius comprehended roughly an immense range of territory, from the Mediterranean to the Indus and from the Caucasian chain and Jaxartes to the Persian Gulf and Arabian Ocean. In the 17th and 18th centuries A.D. the conquests of Abbas and Nadir kept up these boundaries more or less on the east, but failed to secure them on the west, and were limited to the Caucasus and Oxus on the north.

Persia of the present day is not only, in the matter of geographical definition, far from the vast empire of Sacred Writ and remote history, but it is not even the less extensive dominion of the Safawi kings and Nadir Shah. It may be said, however, to comprise now quite as much settled and consolidated territory as at any period of its political existence of which we can speak with authority.

In the early 1900's the principal cities of Persia with their populations as estimated in 1908 are: Teheran (280,000); Tabriz (200,000); Isfahan (100,000); Meshed (80,000); Kerman, Resht, Shiraz (60,000); Barfurush, Kazvin, Yezd (50,000); Hamadan, Kermanshah (40,000); Kashan, Khoi, Urmia (35,000); Birjend, Burujird, Bushire, Dizful, Kum, Senendij (Sinna), Zenjan (25,000 to 30,000); Amol, Ardebil, Ardistan, Astarabad, Abekuh, Bam, Bander, Abbasi, Bander Lingah, Darnghan, Dilman, Istahbanat, Jahrum, Khunsar, Kumishah, Kuchan, Marand, Maragha, Nishapur, Sari, Sabzevar, Samnan, Shahrud, Shushter (10,000 to 20,000).

In 1881 the estimated the population of Persia at 7,653,600, 1,963,800 urban, 3,780,000 rural and 1,909,800 wandering ("Bevolkerung der Erde," p. 28, Ency. Brit. 9th ed. p. 628); and, allowing for an increase of about 1% per annum the population for 1910 may be estimated at 10 millions. No statistics whatever being kept, nothing precise is known of the movement of the population. During the ninth decade of the 19th century many Persian subjects emigrated, and many Persian villages were deserted and fell to ruins; since then a small immigration has set in and new villages have been founded.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 21 pgs. 187-252..

Available Books

Images

Image Name
Chasseur conduisant des chiens
Vue exterieure d'un village persan
XXXVII. The Marble Swing (Deeg)
XXIX. Autumn at Achibal*
I. The Queen's Pavilion (Shalimar Bagh)*
XX. A Princess at her Garden Gate
VIII. An Offering to Naga*
Archer cavalier persan
Front Cover
Priest Zadoc, Brother of the Nestorian Patriarch
A Koordish Warrior
Danseur persan
Georgian Costumes
Circassian Marauders
Criminel Persan a la chaine
Vue exterieure d'un Caravanserai forain
XXXVIII. On the Way to the Shalimar*
VI.
Ceremonie des funerailles persanes
Spine
XXX. Flowers and Butterflies
XVIII. Portrait Miniature of Nur-Jahan Begam
Mar Yohannan, A Bishop of Oroomiah
Courde des montagnes du Hekary
Derviche charlatan persan
Title Page
Plan of the Garden-Palace of Deeg
Dame curde paree au Harem
Front Cover
Front Cover
Califa (Eveque) nestorien
Repas persan
XXIII. The Diwan-i-'Am (Shalimar Bagh)*
Nackzachi-Bachi Grand maitre des Ceremonies
Persepolis
Akthamar from Aghavank
XXXI. An Eighteenth Century Garden
Shalimar Bagh (Kashmir)
Spine
Carte de la Perse Pour le Voyage du Colonel G Dourville 1819
Femme armenien ne tenant un enfant par la main
Back Cover
Toufangchi nestorien du Hekary
Persan couvert de son Kurck
Plan of a Garden in one of the Island Palaces at Udaipur
Stone Parterre (Taj) & Brick Parterre (Lahore)
XXII. The Old Entrance (Shalimar Bagh, Lahore)*
Priest Abraham of Ooroomiah
A Nestorian of the Mountains
Caravahn of corpses going to Kerbelah
Drapeau et etendard persans
Dame curde a la promenade
Nizam atly Lancier regulier persan
Persan fumant la Cailliane
A Persian Lady at Home
Dame persane en Arkalai sans schal
XXXII. Pinjor*
A Persian Soldier
Plan of a Courtyard in the Maharaja's Palace at Udaipur
Delhi Palace before 1857
XXVIII. The Great Waterfall (Achibal Bagh)*
Serbas soldat regulier de la premiere formation
XXV. The Lower Pavilion (Nishat Bagh)*
A Nestorian Girl with her ornaments
Dame persan en Scpapkin de Brocard
Taj Garden (Colonel Hodgson's Plan)
Gounip from Chegeer
Dame circassienne en costume national
X. The Gates were as of Pearl*
XII. The River Terrace of the Taj*
Spine
Afchard courant au galop apres un Turc
Mission Seminary at Oroomiah
Baku Fire Temple
Zombarek Artillerie irreguliere legere
XVII. The Diwan-i-Khas, Delhi*
Athletes luttant
XIX. Shah-Dara*
Vue interieure d'un Caravanserai de ville
Schotter-Bachi chef Coureurs du Roi
Front Cover
XL. The Chenar Tree Throne
Djanbas, soldat irregulier du Roi
Title Page
XI. The Sultana's Fountain Bath (Jasmine Tower)
Mirza en robe de Ceremonie
Mt. Ararat, as seen from the West or Turkish Side
Copchi, cannonier regulier de nouvelle formation
Governor of Oroomiah
Persan se promenant a cheval en fumant
Danseuse persane
Plan of a Garden in one of the Island Palaces at Udaipur
Chasseurs dragons
Athletes persans en excercice
Tombs of the Kings, Nakchi Rustum
Circassian Dance

Maps

Map Name
Voyage en Perse Vol. 2 - Carte de la Perse Pour le Voyage du Colonel G Dourville 1819 (1825)

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