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Persia

Persia Collection

History Archive - Persia Collection

Persia was a kingdom of western Asia, bounded on the N. by the Caspian Sea and the Russian Transcaucasian and Transcaspian territories, on the E. by Afghanistan and Baluchistan, on the S. by the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf, and on the W. by Turkish territory.

Long before the Christian era the satrapies of Darius comprehended roughly an immense range of territory, from the Mediterranean to the Indus and from the Caucasian chain and Jaxartes to the Persian Gulf and Arabian Ocean. In the 17th and 18th centuries A.D. the conquests of Abbas and Nadir kept up these boundaries more or less on the east, but failed to secure them on the west, and were limited to the Caucasus and Oxus on the north.

Persia of the present day is not only, in the matter of geographical definition, far from the vast empire of Sacred Writ and remote history, but it is not even the less extensive dominion of the Safawi kings and Nadir Shah. It may be said, however, to comprise now quite as much settled and consolidated territory as at any period of its political existence of which we can speak with authority.

In the early 1900's the principal cities of Persia with their populations as estimated in 1908 are: Teheran (280,000); Tabriz (200,000); Isfahan (100,000); Meshed (80,000); Kerman, Resht, Shiraz (60,000); Barfurush, Kazvin, Yezd (50,000); Hamadan, Kermanshah (40,000); Kashan, Khoi, Urmia (35,000); Birjend, Burujird, Bushire, Dizful, Kum, Senendij (Sinna), Zenjan (25,000 to 30,000); Amol, Ardebil, Ardistan, Astarabad, Abekuh, Bam, Bander, Abbasi, Bander Lingah, Darnghan, Dilman, Istahbanat, Jahrum, Khunsar, Kumishah, Kuchan, Marand, Maragha, Nishapur, Sari, Sabzevar, Samnan, Shahrud, Shushter (10,000 to 20,000).

In 1881 the estimated the population of Persia at 7,653,600, 1,963,800 urban, 3,780,000 rural and 1,909,800 wandering ("Bevolkerung der Erde," p. 28, Ency. Brit. 9th ed. p. 628); and, allowing for an increase of about 1% per annum the population for 1910 may be estimated at 10 millions. No statistics whatever being kept, nothing precise is known of the movement of the population. During the ninth decade of the 19th century many Persian subjects emigrated, and many Persian villages were deserted and fell to ruins; since then a small immigration has set in and new villages have been founded.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 21 pgs. 187-252..

Available Books

Images

Image Name
Shalimar Bagh (Kashmir)
Title Page
Chasseur conduisant des chiens
Spine
Taj Garden (Colonel Hodgson's Plan)
Dame georgienne en costume national
Akthamar from Aghavank
XV. The Feast of the Birth of Humayun
Persan se promenant a cheval en fumant
Toufangchi nestorien du Hekary
II-III. Bagh-i-Vafa (The Garden of Fidelity)
Zombarek Artillerie irreguliere legere
XVIII. Portrait Miniature of Nur-Jahan Begam
Dame persan en Scpapkin de Brocard
Toufangchi nestorien du Hekary
Golam du Roi; cavalier de la garde royale
A Nestorian Girl with her ornaments
XXXI. An Eighteenth Century Garden
A Persian Seyed, or Lineal Descendant of Mohammed
XXXIV. Bharatpur Palace Garden
Back Cover
XXXVI. The Garden-Palace of Deeg
Spine
Title Page
XII. The River Terrace of the Taj*
Repas persan
A Koordish Warrior
Plan of a Garden in one of the Island Palaces at Udaipur
Femmes du Roi voyageant en Caktirevan
Church of the Monastery of Etchmiadzin
XIX. Shah-Dara*
XIII.The Anguri Bagh
Sacas porteur d'eau
XXIX. Autumn at Achibal*
Delhi Palace before 1857
A Persian Dervish
Spine
Georgian Costumes
XXV. The Lower Pavilion (Nishat Bagh)*
X. The Gates were as of Pearl*
Famille nomade curde sous une Cente avec leurs bestiaux
Ceremonie des funerailles persanes
XXI.The Paradise Carpet
Priest Abraham of Ooroomiah
Mar Gabriel, a Nestorian Bishop
IX. Floral Detail from the Taj Dado
VI.
Persan couvert de son Kurck
A Persian Lady veiled to go abroad
Carte de la Perse Pour le Voyage du Colonel G Dourville 1819
Courde des montagnes du Hekary
XI. The Sultana's Fountain Bath (Jasmine Tower)
Tombs of the Kings, Nakchi Rustum
XXX. Flowers and Butterflies
A Nestorian Mother & her little girl
Zombarek dechargeant sa piece sur un chameau
Achibal Bagh (Plan of the two remaining Terraces)
Schamyl
Schotter-Bachi chef Coureurs du Roi
XX. A Princess at her Garden Gate
Persepolis
Selim Koordish, Pasha of Amadiah
Curde de la plaine, au grand galop
Derviche charlatan persan
Mirza en robe de Ceremonie
XVI. A Roof Garden
I. The Queen's Pavilion (Shalimar Bagh)*
Tomb of Cyrus, Murghaub
XXXIX. The Pillar of Vishnu (Fatehpur Sikri)
Fakir ou mendiant arabe
Archer cavalier persan
XXXVIII. On the Way to the Shalimar*
Femme armenien ne tenant un enfant par la main
Front Cover
Soldat regulier formation francaise
Bedoween crossing the Tigris with plunder
A Persian Merchant
Califa (Eveque) nestorien
Gate of Yezeedi Temple - Sheik Adi
Danseuse persane
Baku Fire Temple
V. Evening in the Gardens of the Taj *
Circassian Marauders
A Persian Muleteer, with his Winter Cloak of Goatskin
Copchi, cannonier regulier de nouvelle formation
Cheval du Roi peint de henne
Musique Militaire
Serbas soldat regulier de la premiere formation
Plan of the Garden-Palace of Deeg
Femmes persannes en pelerinage
XL. The Chenar Tree Throne
Back Cover
A Persian Lady veiled to walk abroad
Dame persanne a la promenade couverte du Chadera et du Roubend
Dame persane en Arkalai sans schal
Gounip from Chegeer

Maps

Map Name
Voyage en Perse Vol. 2 - Carte de la Perse Pour le Voyage du Colonel G Dourville 1819 (1825)

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