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Persia

Persia Collection

History Archive - Persia Collection

Persia was a kingdom of western Asia, bounded on the N. by the Caspian Sea and the Russian Transcaucasian and Transcaspian territories, on the E. by Afghanistan and Baluchistan, on the S. by the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf, and on the W. by Turkish territory.

Long before the Christian era the satrapies of Darius comprehended roughly an immense range of territory, from the Mediterranean to the Indus and from the Caucasian chain and Jaxartes to the Persian Gulf and Arabian Ocean. In the 17th and 18th centuries A.D. the conquests of Abbas and Nadir kept up these boundaries more or less on the east, but failed to secure them on the west, and were limited to the Caucasus and Oxus on the north.

Persia of the present day is not only, in the matter of geographical definition, far from the vast empire of Sacred Writ and remote history, but it is not even the less extensive dominion of the Safawi kings and Nadir Shah. It may be said, however, to comprise now quite as much settled and consolidated territory as at any period of its political existence of which we can speak with authority.

In the early 1900's the principal cities of Persia with their populations as estimated in 1908 are: Teheran (280,000); Tabriz (200,000); Isfahan (100,000); Meshed (80,000); Kerman, Resht, Shiraz (60,000); Barfurush, Kazvin, Yezd (50,000); Hamadan, Kermanshah (40,000); Kashan, Khoi, Urmia (35,000); Birjend, Burujird, Bushire, Dizful, Kum, Senendij (Sinna), Zenjan (25,000 to 30,000); Amol, Ardebil, Ardistan, Astarabad, Abekuh, Bam, Bander, Abbasi, Bander Lingah, Darnghan, Dilman, Istahbanat, Jahrum, Khunsar, Kumishah, Kuchan, Marand, Maragha, Nishapur, Sari, Sabzevar, Samnan, Shahrud, Shushter (10,000 to 20,000).

In 1881 the estimated the population of Persia at 7,653,600, 1,963,800 urban, 3,780,000 rural and 1,909,800 wandering ("Bevolkerung der Erde," p. 28, Ency. Brit. 9th ed. p. 628); and, allowing for an increase of about 1% per annum the population for 1910 may be estimated at 10 millions. No statistics whatever being kept, nothing precise is known of the movement of the population. During the ninth decade of the 19th century many Persian subjects emigrated, and many Persian villages were deserted and fell to ruins; since then a small immigration has set in and new villages have been founded.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 21 pgs. 187-252..

Available Books

Images

Image Name
XXX. Flowers and Butterflies
Schotter-Bachi chef Coureurs du Roi
Priest Abraham of Ooroomiah
Serbas soldat regulier de la premiere formation
XI. The Sultana's Fountain Bath (Jasmine Tower)
XVIII. Portrait Miniature of Nur-Jahan Begam
Persepolis
Dunka, a Nestorian Priest from the Mountains
A Nestorian Girl with her ornaments
Bedoween crossing the Tigris with plunder
Plan of a Garden in one of the Island Palaces at Udaipur
Circassian Dance
A Nestorian Mother & her little girl
XXIII. The Diwan-i-'Am (Shalimar Bagh)*
Danseuse persane
XXIV. The Nishat Bagh
A Persian Lady at Home
Chasseur conduisant des chiens
Baku Fire Temple
XXIX. Autumn at Achibal*
Vue exterieure d'un village persan
Spine
Cheval du Roi peint de henne
Drapeau et etendard persans
Femme nestoriene
A Persian Lady veiled to go abroad
Zombarek Artillerie irreguliere legere
Mar Yohannan, A Bishop of Oroomiah
Sacas porteur d'eau
I. The Queen's Pavilion (Shalimar Bagh)*
A Persian Dervish
Femme armenien ne tenant un enfant par la main
Dame persanne a la promenade couverte du Chadera et du Roubend
Nizam atly Lancier regulier persan
Zombarek dechargeant sa piece sur un chameau
Church of the Monastery of Etchmiadzin
Derviche charlatan persan
XXXVI. The Garden-Palace of Deeg
Persan en Katebi de velours
Persan en habit d'ete
VII. Sikandrah
Taj Garden (Colonel Hodgson's Plan)
A Persian Seyed, or Lineal Descendant of Mohammed
Cheick al Islam (Grand Pretre de Perse)
Back Cover
X. The Gates were as of Pearl*
Musique Militaire
A Moollah, or Persian Priest
Tomb of Cyrus, Murghaub
Persan se promenant a cheval en fumant
Muhammed Shah, King of Persia
Copchi, cannonier regulier de nouvelle formation
Fakir ou mendiant arabe
XXVIII. The Great Waterfall (Achibal Bagh)*
XXV. The Lower Pavilion (Nishat Bagh)*
A Persian Meerza, or Scribe
Circassian Marauders
VI.
XXXVIII. On the Way to the Shalimar*
Courde des montagnes du Hekary
A Koordish Warrior
Mission Seminary at Oroomiah
A Persian Merchant
Title Page
Tombs of the Kings, Nakchi Rustum
Front Cover
Mt. Ararat, as seen from the West or Turkish Side
Nackzachi-Bachi Grand maitre des Ceremonies
Title Page
XL. The Chenar Tree Throne
IV. The Garden was in all its Glory (Babar)
Curde de la plaine, au grand galop
Book Display
Persan couvert de son Kurck
XXI.The Paradise Carpet
Femmes persannes en pelerinage
Shalimar Bagh (Kashmir)
Dame persane en Arkalai sans schal
Plan of a Courtyard in the Maharaja's Palace at Udaipur
II-III. Bagh-i-Vafa (The Garden of Fidelity)
Danseur persan
XV. The Feast of the Birth of Humayun
Tiflis
Front Cover
XXXIV. Bharatpur Palace Garden
Georgian Costumes
Front Cover
Achibal Bagh (Plan of the two remaining Terraces)
XIII.The Anguri Bagh
A Persian Soldier
IX. Floral Detail from the Taj Dado
Djanbas, soldat irregulier du Roi
Dame curde a la promenade
XXXIX. The Pillar of Vishnu (Fatehpur Sikri)
Toufangchi nestorien du Hekary
XVII. The Diwan-i-Khas, Delhi*

Maps

Map Name
Voyage en Perse Vol. 2 - Carte de la Perse Pour le Voyage du Colonel G Dourville 1819 (1825)

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