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Norway

Norway Collection

History Archive - Norway Collection

Norway, the western and northernmost part of the Scandinavian peninsula, before November of 1905 united to Sweden only through having a common ruler; it is divided from Sweden by Keel Mountains, which run parallel to the coast from the north to 63° and then separate, the main division continuing to mark the boundary by a plateau from 2,000 to 4,000 feet wide. The higher peaks are Galdhopiggen, Glittertind, 8,379 feet; Snæhaetten, 7,566; and Lodalskaupen, 6,790.

Bear, lynx and deer abound in these mountains, and the only inhabitants are the men and women who tend the large herds of cattle and sheep. On account of the Gulf Stream the winter on the coast is much warmer than in the interior, whereas the summer is much cooler. The largest cities are Kristiania, the capital (population 227,626); Bergen, Trondhjem, Stavanger, Drammen, Kristiansand and Fredrikstad. The hardiest grains and vegetables flourish, but the occupation of the people is mainly connected with the great fisheries.

The mineral wealth has been practically exhausted since 1870, only a few mines being worked. Norway is divided into 20 districts, has an area of 124,130 square miles, and a population of over 2,391,782. It nominally is a limited monarchy, but actually, to all intents and purposes, almost is a free republic. The head of the government is a king, Haakon VII, but his acts are limited by an appointed executive council of nine and one minister of state.

The religion is Lutheranism, which still is the state-church of Norway. Non-Lutherans number only 53,000. One of the first peoples to settle Europe, their history does not, however, become free from myth until the 9th century, when the Lapps and Finns were found in the country by the Gothic descendants who then crossed the Baltic and settled there. For a long time it was a part of the kingdom of Denmark. Her history is intimately associated with that of the Norsemen, who were a part of her people, but from 1130 to 1240 the country suffered both in war and in commerce, and commenced a rapid retrograde movement which did not end until it was attached to Sweden in 1814.

All titles of nobility were abolished in 1821, and in the struggle from 1872 to 1884 the right of veto was taken from the king. Then came a constitutional struggle of Norway against Sweden, Norway demanding consuls of her own and greater independence in her foreign policy. On June 7, 1905, the Norwegian legislature dissolved the union with Sweden, and on Oct. 16 the Swedish parliament ratified a treaty recognizing Norway’s independence. In November Prince Karl of Denmark was called to the throne, and became king under the title of Haakon VII.

References:

See Carlyle’s Early Kings of Norway and Boyesen’s History of Norway.

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

Available Books

Images

Image Name
A Little Saetersdalen Peasant Girl
Old Canal, Christiania
Vaefos, Hildal, Hardanger
Saetersdalen Peasant Girl
Farm-houses built of Poles
The Jungfrau from the Glacier of Aletsch
The Bernese Alps from the North and South
Vaarstige Dovre-Field
Mundal, Fjaerland, Sognefjord
Title Page
The Houses of Parliament (Storthing), Christiania
Farm-house and Mill at Gjora
Bergen Boats and Warehouses
Map of the Gjendin Lake and Surrounding Mountains
Making &34;Flad-Brod&34; - a Cottage Interior
The Road to Hell, near Trondhjem
Valley of la Berarde Dauphine
The Midnight Sun
Qvenanger Tinderne
Snow Plough drawn by Eight or Ten Horses
Roomby Munthe at Holmencollen
The Town of Molde
A Hardanger Bride
Trondhjem - Old Boats
Fridtjof Nansen
A Norwegian Girl
Country Girl, Bergen District
Snow-capped Mountains at Aune
Leirungs Braeen
Fishing through the Ice on Christiania Fjord
Romsdals Horn
Front Cover
A Hardanger Country Girl
Mountains and Fjord facing Molde
A Vosse Bride
Kjendalsbrae
Nygaard Glacer, Justedal
Gjendin Soen
Noethol under Hardanger
Suphelle Glacier, Fjaerland
Moldoen [I]
Little Girl of Telemarken
Fishing-boats at Lofoten
Hardanger Headdress
White Cap worn in the Bergen District
A Cottage Interior, Telemarken
A Typical Norwegian Maiden
Snow-capped Mountain at Sundalsoren
Grieg
Old Warehouse and Boats, Molde
Moldoen [II]
Valley of the Mean
A Peasant of Saetersdalen
Sledging by Torchlight
Girls on Overturned Sledge, Holmencollen
Rafte Sund Lofodden
Buerbrse, Odde Hardanger
Rauhammer
Skjaeggedalsfos, Hardanger
Mios-Wand
Ostre Kanalhavn, Trondhjem
Sketch Map of Southern Norway Showing the Author's Route
River at Gjora
Skiers drinking Goosewine
Ski Sports—the Great Holmencollen Day outside Christiania
Bird's-eye View of Christiania
Costume worn in the Bergen District
Back Cover
River at Haukeli
Hitterdal Church
Rjukan Foss
Sundalsfjord
Falls of the Kid
Espelandsfos, Hardanger
Norwegian Captain
A Fair Maiden of North Bergen
Glacier of Bondhuus
Title Page
A Baby of Telemarken
Sketch Map of South Norway
Country Girl from Dalen
On the Fjord, Sundalsoren
Hurungerne Peaks from the Forest of Koldedal
Trondhjem
Making the Dinner - a Cottage Interior at Saelbo
Map of Norway
Saetersdalen Girl in National Costume
Ullensvang, Hardanger Fjord
Bjornstjerne Bjornson
Bergen [I]
Fishing-nets at Sundalsoren
Map of the Glaciers of the Ymesfield in Lat. 60', 40'
Valley above Gudvangen
Smorsstab Tinderne, Sogne Fjeld
Saetersdalen Bride
Hildal and Jordals Vand

Maps

Map Name
Norway and its Glaciers - Map of Norway (1853)
Wild Life on the Fjelds of Norway - Map of the Gjendin Lake and Surrounding Mountains (1861)
The Natural History of Norway - An Accurate Map of the Kingdom of Norway (1755)
Wild Life on the Fjelds of Norway - Sketch Map of Southern Norway Showing the Author's Route (1861)
Norway in 1848 and 1849 - Sketch Map of South Norway (1850)

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