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Norway

Norway Collection

History Archive - Norway Collection

Norway, the western and northernmost part of the Scandinavian peninsula, before November of 1905 united to Sweden only through having a common ruler; it is divided from Sweden by Keel Mountains, which run parallel to the coast from the north to 63° and then separate, the main division continuing to mark the boundary by a plateau from 2,000 to 4,000 feet wide. The higher peaks are Galdhopiggen, Glittertind, 8,379 feet; Snæhaetten, 7,566; and Lodalskaupen, 6,790.

Bear, lynx and deer abound in these mountains, and the only inhabitants are the men and women who tend the large herds of cattle and sheep. On account of the Gulf Stream the winter on the coast is much warmer than in the interior, whereas the summer is much cooler. The largest cities are Kristiania, the capital (population 227,626); Bergen, Trondhjem, Stavanger, Drammen, Kristiansand and Fredrikstad. The hardiest grains and vegetables flourish, but the occupation of the people is mainly connected with the great fisheries.

The mineral wealth has been practically exhausted since 1870, only a few mines being worked. Norway is divided into 20 districts, has an area of 124,130 square miles, and a population of over 2,391,782. It nominally is a limited monarchy, but actually, to all intents and purposes, almost is a free republic. The head of the government is a king, Haakon VII, but his acts are limited by an appointed executive council of nine and one minister of state.

The religion is Lutheranism, which still is the state-church of Norway. Non-Lutherans number only 53,000. One of the first peoples to settle Europe, their history does not, however, become free from myth until the 9th century, when the Lapps and Finns were found in the country by the Gothic descendants who then crossed the Baltic and settled there. For a long time it was a part of the kingdom of Denmark. Her history is intimately associated with that of the Norsemen, who were a part of her people, but from 1130 to 1240 the country suffered both in war and in commerce, and commenced a rapid retrograde movement which did not end until it was attached to Sweden in 1814.

All titles of nobility were abolished in 1821, and in the struggle from 1872 to 1884 the right of veto was taken from the king. Then came a constitutional struggle of Norway against Sweden, Norway demanding consuls of her own and greater independence in her foreign policy. On June 7, 1905, the Norwegian legislature dissolved the union with Sweden, and on Oct. 16 the Swedish parliament ratified a treaty recognizing Norway’s independence. In November Prince Karl of Denmark was called to the throne, and became king under the title of Haakon VII.

References:

See Carlyle’s Early Kings of Norway and Boyesen’s History of Norway.

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

Available Books

Images

Image Name
Henrik Ibsen
Norwegian Captain
Qvenanger Tinderne
Little Girl of Telemarken
Mountains and Fjord facing Molde
Sketch Map of South Norway
River at Haukeli
Woman Spinning, Sundalsoren
Country-women selling Berries on the Road to Storen
Title Page
Bergen [II]
Kjendalsbrae
Suphelle Glacier, Fjaerland
Buerbrse, Odde Hardanger
Bjornstjerne Bjornson
Skjaeggedalsfos, Hardanger
Old Warehouse and Boats, Molde
Making the Dinner - a Cottage Interior at Saelbo
Smorsstab Tinderne, Sogne Fjeld
Sketch Map of Southern Norway Showing the Author's Route
Old Age, Telemarken
Moldoen [II]
Saetersdalen Peasant Girl
Farm-houses built of Poles
A Hardanger Bride
A Little Saetersdalen Peasant Girl
Front Cover
Country Girl, Bergen District
A Fair Maiden of North Bergen
Making &34;Flad-Brod&34; - a Cottage Interior
The Bernese Alps from the North and South
Farm-house and Mill at Gjora
A Vosse Bride
The Midnight Sun
Girls on Overturned Sledge, Holmencollen
Ski Sports—the Great Holmencollen Day outside Christiania
The Jungfrau from the Glacier of Aletsch
Map of the Glaciers of the Ymesfield in Lat. 60', 40'
River at Gjora
Mundal, Fjaerland, Sognefjord
Bergen [I]
Mios-Wand
Country Girl from Dalen
Snow-capped Mountains at Aune
Roomby Munthe at Holmencollen
Making Native Tapestry
Trondhjem - Old Boats
Snow Plough drawn by Eight or Ten Horses
Saetersdalen Bride
Sledging by Torchlight
Valley of the Mean
Ostre Kanalhavn, Trondhjem
Nygaard Glacer, Justedal
Valley of la Berarde Dauphine
White Cap worn in the Bergen District
Leirungs Braeen
Grieg
Falls of the Kid
Rauhammer
Saetersdalen Girl in National Costume
Map of Norway
Valley above Gudvangen
Glaciers of the Nus Fiord
Title Page
Fishing-nets at Sundalsoren
The Houses of Parliament (Storthing), Christiania
Trondhjem
Romsdals Horn
The Town of Molde
On the Fjord, Sundalsoren
Rafte Sund Lofodden
Romsdals Waterfall
Costume worn in the Bergen District
A Peasant of Saetersdalen
Fishing through the Ice on Christiania Fjord
Ullensvang, Hardanger Fjord
Fridtjof Nansen
A Little Farm on the Riverside at Gjora
Noethol under Hardanger
Title Page
Hardanger Headdress
Moldoen [I]
Glacier of Bondhuus
Sundalsfjord
Title Page
Mountains near Folden Fiord
The Road to Hell, near Trondhjem
Bergen Boats and Warehouses
Hildal and Jordals Vand
Fishing-boats at Lofoten
Mountains and River at Gjora
Hitterdal Church
A Lapp Mother and Child
Bird's-eye View of Christiania
Skiers drinking Goosewine
Gjendin Soen

Maps

Map Name
Wild Life on the Fjelds of Norway - Sketch Map of Southern Norway Showing the Author's Route (1861)
Wild Life on the Fjelds of Norway - Map of the Gjendin Lake and Surrounding Mountains (1861)
Norway and its Glaciers - Map of Norway (1853)
Norway in 1848 and 1849 - Sketch Map of South Norway (1850)
The Natural History of Norway - An Accurate Map of the Kingdom of Norway (1755)

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