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Norway Collection

History Archive - Norway Collection

Norway, the western and northernmost part of the Scandinavian peninsula, before November of 1905 united to Sweden only through having a common ruler; it is divided from Sweden by Keel Mountains, which run parallel to the coast from the north to 63° and then separate, the main division continuing to mark the boundary by a plateau from 2,000 to 4,000 feet wide. The higher peaks are Galdhopiggen, Glittertind, 8,379 feet; Snæhaetten, 7,566; and Lodalskaupen, 6,790.

Bear, lynx and deer abound in these mountains, and the only inhabitants are the men and women who tend the large herds of cattle and sheep. On account of the Gulf Stream the winter on the coast is much warmer than in the interior, whereas the summer is much cooler. The largest cities are Kristiania, the capital (population 227,626); Bergen, Trondhjem, Stavanger, Drammen, Kristiansand and Fredrikstad. The hardiest grains and vegetables flourish, but the occupation of the people is mainly connected with the great fisheries.

The mineral wealth has been practically exhausted since 1870, only a few mines being worked. Norway is divided into 20 districts, has an area of 124,130 square miles, and a population of over 2,391,782. It nominally is a limited monarchy, but actually, to all intents and purposes, almost is a free republic. The head of the government is a king, Haakon VII, but his acts are limited by an appointed executive council of nine and one minister of state.

The religion is Lutheranism, which still is the state-church of Norway. Non-Lutherans number only 53,000. One of the first peoples to settle Europe, their history does not, however, become free from myth until the 9th century, when the Lapps and Finns were found in the country by the Gothic descendants who then crossed the Baltic and settled there. For a long time it was a part of the kingdom of Denmark. Her history is intimately associated with that of the Norsemen, who were a part of her people, but from 1130 to 1240 the country suffered both in war and in commerce, and commenced a rapid retrograde movement which did not end until it was attached to Sweden in 1814.

All titles of nobility were abolished in 1821, and in the struggle from 1872 to 1884 the right of veto was taken from the king. Then came a constitutional struggle of Norway against Sweden, Norway demanding consuls of her own and greater independence in her foreign policy. On June 7, 1905, the Norwegian legislature dissolved the union with Sweden, and on Oct. 16 the Swedish parliament ratified a treaty recognizing Norway’s independence. In November Prince Karl of Denmark was called to the throne, and became king under the title of Haakon VII.


See Carlyle’s Early Kings of Norway and Boyesen’s History of Norway.

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

Available Books


Image Name
Girls on Overturned Sledge, Holmencollen
Hurungerne Peaks from the Forest of Koldedal
Sketch Map of Southern Norway Showing the Author's Route
Old Canal, Christiania
Sledging by Torchlight
Henrik Ibsen
A Vosse Bride
The Bernese Alps from the North and South
White Cap worn in the Bergen District
Bergen [I]
Romsdals Waterfall
Ostre Kanalhavn, Trondhjem
Title Page
Woman Spinning, Sundalsoren
Glaciers of the Nus Fiord
Moldoen [II]
Valley above Gudvangen
Smorsstab Tinderne, Sogne Fjeld
Valley of la Berarde Dauphine
A Norwegian Girl
Ski Sports—the Great Holmencollen Day outside Christiania
Ullensvang, Hardanger Fjord
Bird's-eye View of Christiania
Qvenanger Tinderne
The Midnight Sun
Glacier of Bondhuus
Mountains near Folden Fiord
A Boy of Saetersdalen
Vaefos, Hildal, Hardanger
Fishing through the Ice on Christiania Fjord
Fishing-boats at Lofoten
Country Girl from Dalen
A Cottage Interior, Telemarken
The Houses of Parliament (Storthing), Christiania
Noethol under Hardanger
Hardanger Headdress
Farm-houses built of Poles
A Little Farm on the Riverside at Gjora
Vaarstige Dovre-Field
Saetersdalen Bride
Farm-house and Mill at Gjora
Map of the Glaciers of the Ymesfield in Lat. 60', 40'
A Fair Maiden of North Bergen
Mundal, Fjaerland, Sognefjord
Rjukan Foss
Bjornstjerne Bjornson
Bergen Boats and Warehouses
Norwegian Captain
Trondhjem - Old Boats
Old Age, Telemarken
Mountains and River at Gjora
Making &34;Flad-Brod&34; - a Cottage Interior
Hildal and Jordals Vand
Map of Norway
Skjaeggedalsfos, Hardanger
Little Girl of Telemarken
Old Warehouse and Boats, Molde
River at Gjora
Rafte Sund Lofodden
Making the Dinner - a Cottage Interior at Saelbo
A Hardanger Country Girl
A Baby of Telemarken
The Road to Hell, near Trondhjem
Front Cover
Nygaard Glacer, Justedal
On the Fjord, Sundalsoren
Saetersdalen Peasant Girl
Costume worn in the Bergen District
Moldoen [I]
Title Page
A Little Saetersdalen Peasant Girl
Buerbrse, Odde Hardanger
Hitterdal Church
The Town of Molde
Espelandsfos, Hardanger
Gjendin Soen
Making Native Tapestry
The Jungfrau from the Glacier of Aletsch
River at Haukeli
Leirungs Braeen
A Peasant of Saetersdalen
Fishing-nets at Sundalsoren
Bergen [II]
Suphelle Glacier, Fjaerland
Title Page
Saetersdalen Girl in National Costume
Roomby Munthe at Holmencollen
Valley of the Mean
Snow Plough drawn by Eight or Ten Horses
Map of the Gjendin Lake and Surrounding Mountains
Sketch Map of South Norway
Falls of the Kid
Back Cover


Map Name
Wild Life on the Fjelds of Norway - Sketch Map of Southern Norway Showing the Author's Route (1861)
Norway in 1848 and 1849 - Sketch Map of South Norway (1850)
Wild Life on the Fjelds of Norway - Map of the Gjendin Lake and Surrounding Mountains (1861)
Norway and its Glaciers - Map of Norway (1853)
The Natural History of Norway - An Accurate Map of the Kingdom of Norway (1755)


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