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Iceland Collection

History Archive - Iceland Collection

Iceland, is an island in the northern Atlantic, on the borders of the Arctic Ocean. It lies 130 miles east of Greenland and 850 west of Norway. For most of its history it belonged to Denmark. Its area is 39,756 square miles. Iceland in many respects is one of the most interesting parts of the world.

Its physical features are very remarkable, and not less so its history and the character of its inhabitants. It consists in great part of lofty mountains, many of which are active volcanoes. Only certain level districts along the coasts and a few valleys are inhabitable or in any degree capable of cultivation. There is scarcely a tree to be seen, and the climate is unsuitable for grain.

The interior is almost entirely occupied with rugged tracts of naked lava and other volcanic scoriae. In many places vast ice-fields connect high mountain summits, and prodigious glaciers descend in some parts even to the coast, where they break off into icebergs. To go from one inhabited spot to another is difficult and dangerous, but civilization has long been established.

The people are poor but intelligent. Oxen, horses and sheep form the chief part of their wealth. The horses are small, but vigorous and active. Iceland ponies are often imported into Great Britain and the United States. Seals abound on the coasts, and these are taken in large numbers. Various kinds of water-fowl and fish abound, and their flesh is the chief food of the villagers.

The mineral wealth of Iceland has just begun to be developed. The population in 1910 reached 85,089. The people are of Scandinavian origin. The legislature, called the althing, consists of two houses. The capital is Rejkjavik. The chief exports are Iceland moss, wool, dried fish, seal-skins, whale-oil, sulphur, eider-down, bird-skins and ponies. There has of late been considerable emigration of Icelanders into Manitoba, Canada.

See Iceland by Forbes and Ultima Thule, by Burton.


The New Student's Reference Work pg. 911 (1914)

Available Books


Image Name
The Tungu River and Alternating Geyser
Descent of Arnardals Skarth
The Logberg and Thingvalla Vatn
Melstad and Reykir
Map of Iceland
Cave at Stappen
The Fall of Oxara
Mount Hekla from Odde
Theory of the Geysers
New Geyser
Summit of Heklaas seen from Naifurholt
The Logberg and Nicolas Chasm
Kongsbakki Bjarnarhsn in the Distance
Icelandic House Diagram
Back Cover
Boiling Springs in the River Reikiadalsaa
Geology Diagrams
Eyafialla Iokul, Mount Hekla and the River Elvas from the Westward
Gill at Gilsbakki
Natural Arch on the Coast Near Stappen
Krisuvik and the Sulphur Mountains
Eruption of the Great Geyser
Eyafialla Iokul from Hliderende
Title Page
View of the Geyser When Empty, Immediately After an Eruption
Cauldron of Boiling Mud on the Sulphur Mountains
Icelandic Costume
Summit of Snaefell Jokul
Snaefell Jokul
Plan and Section of the Basin of the Great Geyser
The Horn at Sunrise
The Lang Spiel
Plan of an Icelandic House
Map of the Southwest Coast of Iceland
Title Page
Great Jet of Steam on the Sulphur Mountains
Church of Saurbar
Looking Up Thorsmork
Front Cover
Eruption of the Geyser
Back Cover
Mount Hekla from the South
Snuff Box
Map of the Geysers and Neighbouring Springs
Eyjafell from Barkarstadir
Title Page
Front Cover
An Icelandic Lady in Her Bridal Dress


Map Name
Travels in the Island of Iceland - Map of Iceland (1811)
Travels in the Island of Iceland - Map of the Southwest Coast of Iceland (1811)


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