History Archive Icon

History Archive

Greco-Roman

Greco-Roman Collection

History Archive - Greco-Roman Collection

The Greco-Roman world, Greco-Roman culture, or the term Greco-Roman refers to those geographical regions and countries that culturally (and so historically) were directly, long-term, and intimately influenced by the language, culture, government and religion of the ancient Greeks and Romans. It is also better known as the Classical Civilization.

In exact terms the area refers to the "Mediterranean world", the extensive tracts of land centered on the Mediterranean and Black Sea basins, the "swimming-pool and spa" of the Greeks and Romans, i.e. one wherein the cultural perceptions, ideas and sensitivities of these peoples were dominant. This process was aided by the universal adoption of Greek as the language of intellectual culture and commerce in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, and of Latin as the tongue for public management and forensic advocacy, especially in the Western Mediterranean.

Geography

Based on the above definition, it can be confidently asserted that the "cores" of the Greco-Roman world were Italy, Greece, Cyprus, the Iberian Peninsula, Asia Minor (roughly corresponds to modern Turkey), Gaul (modern France), Greater Syria, Egypt and Africa north of the Sahara. Occupying the periphery of this world were "Roman Germany" (the Alpine countries and the so-called Agri Decumates, the territory between the Main, the Rhine and the Danube), Illyria, Macedonia, Thrace (roughly corresponds to modern Bulgaria), Moesia (roughly corresponds to modern northern Bulgaria), and Pannonia (the former Yugoslavia, and Albania, and Hungary). Also included was Dacia (roughly corresponds to modern Romania), Nubia (roughly corresponds to modern northern Sudan), Mauretania (modern Morocco and western Algeria), Arabia Petraea (the Hejaz and Jordan, with modern Egypt's Sinai Peninsula), the Tauric Chersonesus (modern Crimea and the coast of Ukraine).

Culture

In the schools of art, philosophy and rhetoric, the foundations of education were transmitted throughout the lands of Greek and Roman rule. Within its educated class spanning all of the "Greco-Roman" eras, the testimony of literary borrowings and influences is overwhelming proof of a mantle of mutual knowledge. For example, several hundred papyrus volumes found in a Roman villa at Herculaneum are in Greek. From the lives of Cicero and Julius Caesar, it is known that Romans frequented the schools in Greece.

.

The installation, both in Greek and Latin, of Augustus's monumental eulogy, the Res Gestae, is a proof of official recognition for the dual vehicles of the common culture. The familiarity of figures from Roman legend and history in the "Parallel Lives" composed by Plutarch is one example of the extent to which "universal history" was then synonymous with the accomplishments of famous Latins and Hellenes. Most educated Romans were likely bilingual in Greek and Latin.

"Greco-Roman" architecture is the architecture of the Roman world that followed the principles and style established in ancient Greece. The most representative building of that era was the temple. Other prominent structures that represented the style included government buildings, like the Roman Senate, and cultural structures, like the Colosseum. The three primary styles of column design used in temples in classical Greece were Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. Some examples of Doric architecture are the Parthenon and the Temple of Hephaestus in Athens, while the Erechtheum, which is located right next to the Parthenon is Ionic.

References:

Sir William Smith (ed). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: Spottiswoode and Co, 1873.

Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth (ed). Oxford Classical Dictionary. Oxford University Press, 2003.

Available Books

Images

Image Name
St. John's Chapel ver the Catacombs of Syracuse
Back Cover
The Church of St. Sophia, Thessalonica - Plan
S. Giovanni Battista
The Church of St. Elias, Thessalonica - Side Elevation
Ancient Greek paintings from Herculaneum (III)
The Mosque of Orta Hissar, Trebizond - Section
Eski Djouma, Thessalonica - Plan
The Church of the Holy Apostles, Thessalonica - North-East View
Front Cover
Don Luigi's Ball
The Church of St. Sophia at Trebizond - West Elevation - Plan of Trebizond
A Greek Lady in her walking dress
The Church of St. George, Thessalonica - Plan and Section
S. Maria in Porto
The Church of the Holy Apostles, Thessalonica - Longitudinal Section
Tombs Cut in the Rock
Tail-Piece, from a Byzantine Bas-Relief
Porta Serrata
Plan of the Ancient Theatre at Taormina
Map of the Western Half of the Hellespontine Phrygia
Topographical Plan of the Ancient Syracusa
The Church of St. Nicholas at Myra
A Turkish Female Lave, playing on the Dulcimer
Front Cover
Castle of Edessa
The Church of St. George, Thessalonica - Mosaics of the Dome [II]
Messina and the Entrance to the Faro, with Reggio and the Coast of Calabria
The West Front of the Acropolis from the Summits of the Propylaea
Etna
S. Apollinare Nuovo
Tail-Piece, from a Marble Bas-Relief at Thessalonica
The Church of St. George, Thessalonica - Mosaics of the Dome [III]
Fac Simile of a Letter from Ali Pasha of Albania
The Church of St. Elias, Broussa, - Plan - Section
View of the Temple of Balmarcos at Cavesus (now Deir el Kala'ah)
The Church of St. George, Thessalonica - Mosaics of the Dome [I]
The Church of St. Demetrius at Thessalonica - Elevation of the Narthex
S. Agata
Title Page
The Church of St. Sophia, Thessalonica - Mosaics of the Dome [II]
Back Cover
Tomb of Ezekial at Kefeli, near Bagdad
Position of Dana
The Church of St. George, Thessalonica - Mosaics of the Dome [IV]
Mosaic Pavements [I]
A Colonel of the Janissaries
Title Page
Plan of the Barracks, Theatres &c, of Pompeii
Plan of the Catacombs at Syracusa
Plans of the Temple of Portumnus at Ostia
First Gate of the Seraglio
View on the Parco Road near Palermo
The Temple of Segesta
Greek Music [II]
The Church of St. George, Thessalonica - Mosaics of the Side Chapel
S. Giovanni Evangelista
A Sultana
Cyclopean Isles
The Church of Dana - Plan - Transverse Section
View of Modern Trebizond
Details from the Churches of St. Demeterius and St. Sophia, Thessalonica
Don Luigi meets Donna Anna in the Museum
Caravanserai at Thessalonica
Lake of Proserpine
Don Michele preparing for his triumphal expedition
The Letter Writer
Temple at Vernegue - Details of the Order
The Church of St. George, Thessalonica - Elevation - View of the East End
Ancient Greek Paintings from Herculaneum (II)
Elevation and Plan of the Columns of the Temple of Bacchus
The New Barracks of the Bombardiers & Miners
Don Michele getting up the ship's side
[Islands off the Coast of Sicily]
Topographical Plan of Agrigentum
The Church of St. Bardias, Thessalonica - West and South Elevations
Church Cut in the Rock near Surp Garabed
Frescoes in a Monastery near Trebizond
Plan of the Temple of Venus at Aphrodisias
Remains of the Stadium at Delphi, the village of Castri, & the Castalian summits of Parnassus
The Church of St. Elias, Thessalonica - Plan
The Church of Dana - Plan - Longitudinal Section
Front Cover
Book Display
Ambo, or Pulpit, of the Church of St. George, Thessalonica
Back Cover
Title Page
Fortifications of Nicaea
View of the Valley of Plistus, with part of the Gulph of Salama
The Church of St. Demetrius at Thessalonica - Capitals in the Nave [II]
Temple of Portumnus at Ostia - Elevation and Section
Cathedral Gate of Messina
Illustrated Title Page
The Church of St. Sophia at Trebizond - South-West View
Front Cover
[Bath House Diagram]

Maps

Map Name
A Journey through Albania, and other Provinces of Turkey - Map of Albania (1813)
Naples and the Campagna Felice - Map of the Country, Islands, &c in the Vicinity of Naples (1815)
Naples and the Campagna Felice - Map of the Island of Capri in the Gulf of Naples (1815)
A Journey through Albania, and other Provinces of Turkey - Map of the Western Half of the Hellespontine Phrygia (1813)
A Tour Through Sicily - Sicily Reduced from a Map Published by Authority at Naples in the Year 1810 (1819)

Regions

View All Regions
Sabalico Logo
Sabali Mail Logo
Domain Search Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website On Logo
Code Editor Logo
ASCII Table Logo
HTML Symbols Logo
Emoji Symbols Logo
Encode File Logo
Generator Password Logo
QR Code Generator Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Online Sign Logo
Dictionary Online Logo
Counter Word Logo
Text Convert Logo
Lorem Ipsum Generator Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Resize Image Logo
Image Compress Logo
Image Color Logo
Image Crop Logo
Combine Images Logo
Color Picker Logo
Color Convert Logo
CSS Gradient Logo
To-Do List Logo
Calendar Free Logo
Generator Meme Logo
Word Spinner Logo
Phone Country Logo
Sabalytics Logo
Senty Logo
World Map Logo
SEO Guide Logo
Keyword Tool Logo
What is my IP Logo
My Device Logo
My Browser Logo
My Location Logo
Time Zone Logo
Day Map Logo
My Weather Logo
My Galaxy Logo
The Moon Logo
Periodic Table Logo
rStatistics Logo
Unit Convert Logo
Data Convert Logo
Coordinate Converter Logo
Temperature Convert Logo
2020 Election Logo
Currency Convert Logo
Free Calculator Logo
Finance Calculator Logo
Loan Calculator Logo
Calculator Mortgage Logo
Stock Calculator Logo
Bond Calculator Logo
Tax Calculator Logo
Tip Calculator Logo
Gas Mileage Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo
History of Humanity - Mafia History Logo