History Archive Icon

History Archive


Gibraltar Collection

History Archive - Gibraltar Collection

Gibraltar is an island located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. The landscape is dominated by the Rock of Gibraltar at the foot of which is a densely populated town area.

In 1704, Anglo-Dutch forces captured Gibraltar from Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of the Habsburg claim to the Spanish throne. The territory was ceded to Great Britain in perpetuity under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.

The Town

The modern town of Gibraltar is of comparatively recent date, nearly all the older buildings having been destroyed during the great siege (1779-1783). The town lies, with most of its buildings crowded together, at the north-western corner of the Rock, and covers only about one-ninth part of the whole area; only a small part of it is on level ground, and those of its narrow streets and lanes which are at right angles to the line wall, or sea front, are for the most part, except at their western ends, little more than ramps or rough stairs formed of rubble stones, contracting in places into stone steps.

The public buildings present few, if any, features of general interest. The “Convent” rebuilt upon the remains of an old Franciscan monastery is the official residence of the governor. The Anglican cathedral is a poor imitation of Moorish architecture. The garrison library has excellent reading rooms and a large number of volumes of miscellaneous interest. The civil hospital is a well-planned and roomy modern building. The courthouse and exchange buildings are suited to the needs of the town.

The antiquary may here and there find the remains of a Moorish bath forming part of a stable, or fragments of a sculptured stone gateway bearing the arms of Castile or of Aragon built into the wall of a modern barrack. In a small disused graveyard, near Southport gate, lie buried a number of those who fell at Trafalgar. To the south of the town are the Alameda parade and gardens, a lunatic asylum, the dockyard, graving docks and the naval and military hospitals.

Available Books


Image Name
Temple of Minerva, Syracuse
Inhabitants of Minorca
Val Ombrosa, on the Appenines
Winter view of Etna, from near Melazzo
Convent of St. Martin near Palermo
Gibraltar. From the New Mole Fort looking North
Gibraltar. Governor's Cottage, Europa
The South Barracks, from Rosia Bay
Pass at St. Alepo, between Messina and Taorminum
Palazzo di Aqua viva, near Lago
Perspective View of Cairo
Grand Parade, Mahon
View of Murat's Camp & Flotilla in Calabria, with a division of British Gun Boats standing across to attack
Mount Pelegrino, near Palermo
Castle of Lipari
Landing Place at Syracuse
St. Michael's Cave, Gibraltar
Interior of Poca Roca Cave
The Bay of Acre, from the top of Carmel
The Arsenal at Rhodes
Title Page
Gibraltar. From the ruins of Fort St Philip
View of the Rock of Gibraltar from Sandy Bay
Profile Volcano
Inside of a Cavern near Syracuse
Catania & Etna from Biscari Garden
Gibraltar. North from South Bastion
The Bay of Fournells
Garden and Monastery of the Capuchins near Syracuse
Franca Villa and the Battle between the Spaniards and the Austrians in 1719
View on the Lago di Guarda
Title Page - View on the Coast off Tindari [Vignette]
Catania & Mount Etna
The Strait of Messina
Topographical Outline of Aetna on the Lingua Grofsa Side
Cape St. Vincent
Santa Martha Town
Inside of a Gallery, Gibraltar
View at Lago, in the Island of Ischia
The Great Crater of Etna
View of Castiglione from Villa Franca
Agriculture in Syria
The Upper Room of the Gibraltar Garrison Library
Outline of Situation at Taorminum and Mola
Topographical Outline of Aetna
A Street in Caiffe
The Alameda. Trooping the Guards
The Rock of Gibraltar from the San Roque Road
Caiffe and Mount Carmel
Entrance to the Spanish Church, Gibraltar
Fort Gonzago, and Country behind Messina
Flying Bridge on the Po
Map of Sicily
Europa Pass
Entrance into Dionysius' Ear
Title Page
Illustrated Title Page - Statue of Lord Heathfield in the Alameda Gardens
View of the Rock of Gibraltar
The Saluting Battery, Line Wall. Mons Abyla in the distance
Title Page - View of Ceuta
Grand Place, at Syracuse
View of the Grand Procession of the Sacred Camel through the Streets of Cairo on their Pilgrimage to Mecca & Medina
Wind Mill Hill, Gibraltar
Plan of the Bay, Rock & Town of Gibraltar [and small view inside St. Michael's Cave]
The Wellington Bust, Alameda Gardens
Distant View of the Ancient Temple of Segesta
St. Michael's Cave
Title Page
Monte Pellegrino, Palermo
Auction Square at Gibraltar
View of Algercerias
View in Gibraltar taken from the Naval Hospital
Southport and Prince Edward's Gates
Gibraltar. From the North Bastion
Volcano, from the Hill near the Ancient Baths at Lipari
The Castle and Town of Ischia
The Victoria Battery
Front Cover
Gibraltar. From the New Mole, looking South
The Pharos at Alexandria
The Mediterranean Battery
View of the Procession of the Sacred Camel preparatory to the Annual Pilgrimage to Mecca & Medina
Caverns near Syracuse
Hassan Bey's Palace at Rhodes
Scylla, on the Coast of Calabria
View of the Old Cairo opposite Mokkias towards Boulac
Distant view of Etna, from the Sea, opposite Catania
The Commercial Square, Commercial Library, and the Main Guard


View All Regions
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo
History of Humanity - Mafia History Logo