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Gibraltar Collection

History Archive - Gibraltar Collection

Gibraltar is an island located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. The landscape is dominated by the Rock of Gibraltar at the foot of which is a densely populated town area.

In 1704, Anglo-Dutch forces captured Gibraltar from Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of the Habsburg claim to the Spanish throne. The territory was ceded to Great Britain in perpetuity under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.

The Town

The modern town of Gibraltar is of comparatively recent date, nearly all the older buildings having been destroyed during the great siege (1779-1783). The town lies, with most of its buildings crowded together, at the north-western corner of the Rock, and covers only about one-ninth part of the whole area; only a small part of it is on level ground, and those of its narrow streets and lanes which are at right angles to the line wall, or sea front, are for the most part, except at their western ends, little more than ramps or rough stairs formed of rubble stones, contracting in places into stone steps.

The public buildings present few, if any, features of general interest. The “Convent” rebuilt upon the remains of an old Franciscan monastery is the official residence of the governor. The Anglican cathedral is a poor imitation of Moorish architecture. The garrison library has excellent reading rooms and a large number of volumes of miscellaneous interest. The civil hospital is a well-planned and roomy modern building. The courthouse and exchange buildings are suited to the needs of the town.

The antiquary may here and there find the remains of a Moorish bath forming part of a stable, or fragments of a sculptured stone gateway bearing the arms of Castile or of Aragon built into the wall of a modern barrack. In a small disused graveyard, near Southport gate, lie buried a number of those who fell at Trafalgar. To the south of the town are the Alameda parade and gardens, a lunatic asylum, the dockyard, graving docks and the naval and military hospitals.

Available Books


Image Name
Castle of Lipari
Catania & Mount Etna
Wind Mill Hill, Gibraltar
Fort Gonzago, and Country behind Messina
Distant View of the Ancient Temple of Segesta
The Alameda. Trooping the Guards
Entrance to the Spanish Church, Gibraltar
Inhabitants of Minorca
View of Murat's Camp & Flotilla in Calabria, with a division of British Gun Boats standing across to attack
Title Page - View of Ceuta
View of the Old Cairo opposite Mokkias towards Boulac
Palazzo di Aqua viva, near Lago
Curious Cemetery under the Capuchin Monastery, near Syracuse
Inside of a Cavern near Syracuse
Interior of Poca Roca Cave
Mount Pelegrino, near Palermo
Cubillario on the Appenines
Gibraltar. From the ruins of Fort St Philip
Temple of Minerva, Syracuse
Caverns near Syracuse
View on the Lago di Guarda
Distant view of Etna, from the Sea, opposite Catania
Convent of St. Martin near Palermo
Europa Pass
View of Castiglione from Villa Franca
View of Algercerias
Title Page
Landing Place at Syracuse
The Upper Room of the Gibraltar Garrison Library
Pass at St. Alepo, between Messina and Taorminum
Title Page
Gibraltar. From the North Bastion
Illustrated Title Page - Statue of Lord Heathfield in the Alameda Gardens
Agriculture in Syria
View of the Grand Procession of the Sacred Camel through the Streets of Cairo on their Pilgrimage to Mecca & Medina
Gibraltar. From the New Mole Fort looking North
Topographical Outline of Aetna on the Lingua Grofsa Side
Title Page
Cape St. Vincent
Grand Parade, Mahon
Hassan Bey's Palace at Rhodes
The Wellington Bust, Alameda Gardens
Santa Martha Town
Winter view of Etna, from near Melazzo
View of the Procession of the Sacred Camel preparatory to the Annual Pilgrimage to Mecca & Medina
Garden and Monastery of the Capuchins near Syracuse
Volcano, from the Hill near the Ancient Baths at Lipari
The Saluting Battery, Line Wall. Mons Abyla in the distance
The Mediterranean Battery
The Arsenal at Rhodes
The Victoria Battery
A Street in Caiffe
Gibraltar. Governor's Cottage, Europa
Map of Sicily
St. Michael's Cave, Gibraltar
Front Cover
Auction Square at Gibraltar
Franca Villa and the Battle between the Spaniards and the Austrians in 1719
The South Barracks, from Rosia Bay
The Bay of Fournells
Flying Bridge on the Po
The Great Crater of Etna
Scaletta Profile
The Castle and Town of Ischia
View of the Rock of Gibraltar from Sandy Bay
Perspective View of Cairo
Catania & Etna from Biscari Garden
Profile Volcano
The Commercial Square, Commercial Library, and the Main Guard
Scylla, on the Coast of Calabria
View at Lago, in the Island of Ischia
The Rock of Gibraltar from the San Roque Road
Topographical Outline of Aetna
Gibraltar. From the New Mole, looking South
Southport and Prince Edward's Gates
Title Page - View on the Coast off Tindari [Vignette]
View in Gibraltar taken from the Naval Hospital
The Bay of Acre, from the top of Carmel
Gibraltar. North from South Bastion
Inside of a Gallery, Gibraltar
Grand Place, at Syracuse
Entrance into Dionysius' Ear
Val Ombrosa, on the Appenines
The Pharos at Alexandria
St. Michael's Cave
Grand Canal and the Rialto, Venice
Plan of the Bay, Rock & Town of Gibraltar [and small view inside St. Michael's Cave]
Caiffe and Mount Carmel


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