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Gibraltar Collection

History Archive - Gibraltar Collection

Gibraltar is an island located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. The landscape is dominated by the Rock of Gibraltar at the foot of which is a densely populated town area.

In 1704, Anglo-Dutch forces captured Gibraltar from Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of the Habsburg claim to the Spanish throne. The territory was ceded to Great Britain in perpetuity under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.

The Town

The modern town of Gibraltar is of comparatively recent date, nearly all the older buildings having been destroyed during the great siege (1779-1783). The town lies, with most of its buildings crowded together, at the north-western corner of the Rock, and covers only about one-ninth part of the whole area; only a small part of it is on level ground, and those of its narrow streets and lanes which are at right angles to the line wall, or sea front, are for the most part, except at their western ends, little more than ramps or rough stairs formed of rubble stones, contracting in places into stone steps.

The public buildings present few, if any, features of general interest. The “Convent” rebuilt upon the remains of an old Franciscan monastery is the official residence of the governor. The Anglican cathedral is a poor imitation of Moorish architecture. The garrison library has excellent reading rooms and a large number of volumes of miscellaneous interest. The civil hospital is a well-planned and roomy modern building. The courthouse and exchange buildings are suited to the needs of the town.

The antiquary may here and there find the remains of a Moorish bath forming part of a stable, or fragments of a sculptured stone gateway bearing the arms of Castile or of Aragon built into the wall of a modern barrack. In a small disused graveyard, near Southport gate, lie buried a number of those who fell at Trafalgar. To the south of the town are the Alameda parade and gardens, a lunatic asylum, the dockyard, graving docks and the naval and military hospitals.

Available Books


Image Name
The South Barracks, from Rosia Bay
Winter view of Etna, from near Melazzo
Title Page - View of Ceuta
Garden and Monastery of the Capuchins near Syracuse
View of the Procession of the Sacred Camel preparatory to the Annual Pilgrimage to Mecca & Medina
View of Murat's Camp & Flotilla in Calabria, with a division of British Gun Boats standing across to attack
Entrance to the Spanish Church, Gibraltar
Grand Place, at Syracuse
View of the Rock of Gibraltar from Sandy Bay
Gibraltar. From the North Bastion
Title Page
Europa Pass
The Upper Room of the Gibraltar Garrison Library
Agriculture in Syria
Front Cover
The Wellington Bust, Alameda Gardens
Palazzo di Aqua viva, near Lago
Illustrated Title Page - Statue of Lord Heathfield in the Alameda Gardens
View on the Lago di Guarda
The Pharos at Alexandria
Inhabitants of Minorca
Plan of the Bay, Rock & Town of Gibraltar [and small view inside St. Michael's Cave]
Santa Martha Town
Title Page - View on the Coast off Tindari [Vignette]
Gibraltar. From the New Mole, looking South
View in Gibraltar taken from the Naval Hospital
Grand Parade, Mahon
The Bay of Fournells
Topographical Outline of Aetna
Interior of Poca Roca Cave
The Victoria Battery
Southport and Prince Edward's Gates
The Alameda. Trooping the Guards
Scylla, on the Coast of Calabria
Volcano, from the Hill near the Ancient Baths at Lipari
View of the Rock of Gibraltar
Pass at St. Alepo, between Messina and Taorminum
Inside of a Gallery, Gibraltar
Gibraltar. North from South Bastion
Entrance into Dionysius' Ear
The Saluting Battery, Line Wall. Mons Abyla in the distance
The Bay of Acre, from the top of Carmel
Profile Volcano
Cubillario on the Appenines
Perspective View of Cairo
The Great Crater of Etna
View at Lago, in the Island of Ischia
Temple of Minerva, Syracuse
Franca Villa and the Battle between the Spaniards and the Austrians in 1719
View of the Grand Procession of the Sacred Camel through the Streets of Cairo on their Pilgrimage to Mecca & Medina
A Street in Caiffe
Val Ombrosa, on the Appenines
Wind Mill Hill, Gibraltar
Scaletta Profile
Caverns near Syracuse
Title Page
Inside of a Cavern near Syracuse
Caiffe and Mount Carmel
Mount Pelegrino, near Palermo
Grand Canal and the Rialto, Venice
View of the Old Cairo opposite Mokkias towards Boulac
Convent of St. Martin near Palermo
View of Castiglione from Villa Franca
Distant View of the Ancient Temple of Segesta
Gibraltar. Governor's Cottage, Europa
Curious Cemetery under the Capuchin Monastery, near Syracuse
St. Michael's Cave
Catania & Etna from Biscari Garden
Catania & Mount Etna
Fort Gonzago, and Country behind Messina
St. Michael's Cave, Gibraltar
Landing Place at Syracuse
Map of Sicily
The Arsenal at Rhodes
Gibraltar. From the ruins of Fort St Philip
Flying Bridge on the Po
The Castle and Town of Ischia
Auction Square at Gibraltar
View of Algercerias
Outline of Situation at Taorminum and Mola
The Commercial Square, Commercial Library, and the Main Guard
The Rock of Gibraltar from the San Roque Road
Gibraltar. From the New Mole Fort looking North
Cape St. Vincent
The Strait of Messina
Title Page
Distant view of Etna, from the Sea, opposite Catania
Hassan Bey's Palace at Rhodes


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