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Fiji Collection

History Archive - Fiji Collection

Fiji is an island in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) northeast of New Zealand's North Island.

Located in the central Pacific Ocean, Fiji's geography has made it both a destination and a crossroads for migrations for many centuries. Its closest neighbors are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north.

Fiji consists of an archipelago of more than 330 islands, of which 110 are permanently inhabited-and more than 500 islets, amounting to a total land area of about 18,300 square kilometers (7,100 sq mi). The two most important islands are Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, which account for about three-quarters of the total land area of the country. Viti Levu is the site of the capital city of Suva.

The islands are mountainous, with peaks up to 1,324 meters (4,341 ft), and covered with thick tropical forests. The climate in Fiji is tropical marine and warm year round with minimal extremes. Rainfall is variable, with the warm season experiencing heavier rainfall, especially inland. Winds are moderate, though cyclones occur about once a year.

Humans have lived in Fiji since the second millennium BC-first Austronesians and later Melanesians, with some Polynesian influences. Europeans visited Fiji from the 17th century onwards,[20] and, after a brief period as an independent kingdom, the British established the Colony of Fiji in 1874. Fiji operated as a Crown colony until 1970, when it gained independence as the Dominion of Fiji.

Available Books


Image Name
Sun Coming Over Mountains - Early Morning, Uponohu
Trees on Moonlight, Honolulu, Hawaii
Edge of the Aorai Mountain Covered with Cloud, Midday, Papeete, Tahiti
Tulafales Speech Making Vao-Vao, Samoa
Tonga Girl with Fan
The Boy, Sopo, Samoa
Front Cover
Fijian Boy
Boy in Canoe Passing in Front of Our House, Vaiala, Samoa
Mountain Hut or House at Waikumbukumbu, Fiji
Practising the Seated Dance at Night, Samoa
Girl Sliding Down Waterfall - Banana Leaf Around Her Body, Samoa
A New Caledonian Chief's Residence
Edge of Village of Nasogo in Mountain of the Northeast of Viti Levu, Fiji
Title Page
Girl Weeding in Front of Our House, Vaiala, Samoa
Interior of a Fijian House
Sifa Dancing the Sitting Siva
Maua Study of One of Our Boat Crew, Apia, Samoa
South Sea Seated Dance at Night, Samoa
The Flute Player, Samoa
Beginning of Village Dawn, Matakula, Fiji
Men Bathing in the River Near the Sea - Onomea, Island of Hawaii
Samoan Courtship
Fayaway Sails Her Boat, Samoa
Samoan Girl Carrying Palm Branch
A Map of Fiji and New Caledonia
Title Page
Ratu Mandrae, Fijian Chief
Presentation of Gifts of Good at Iva in Savaii, Samoa
Joli Buti - Teacher, Fiji
A New Caledonian Native
Back Cover
Young Tahitian Girl
Study of Sur Breaking on Outside Reef, Tautira, Taiarapu, Tahiti
Front Cover
Chiefs in War Dress and Paint, Devil Country, Viti Levu, Fiji
The Papa Sees or Sliding Rock Fagalo - Sliding Waterfall, Vaiala, Samoa
The Diadem Mountain, Tahiti
Two Taupos Dancing a Game of Ball, Samoa
A Stufy of Huts at End of Village, Matakula, Fiji
From Our Hut at Vao-Vai, Samoa
Fagalo and Sue Wrestling, Vaiala, Samoa
Aitutagata, the Hereditary Assassins of King Malietoa - Sapapali, Savaii, Samoa
Crater of Kilauea and the Lava Bed, Hawaii
Swimming Dance, Samoa
Central Cone of Volcano, Kilauea, Hawaii
Back Cover
Buttresses of the First Christian Church and Tomb of Siga in the Reef, Sapapali, Samoa
Taupo Dancing the Standing Siva, Samoa
Mataafas Cook House From Our Hut at Vaiala, Samoa
View in Moala, Fiji
Mekke-Mekke, A Story Dance - The Musicians at Reva, Fiji
Beginning of Desert Island of Hawaii
Soldiers Bringing Presents of Food in Military Order - Iva in Savaii, Samoa
Peak of Mauna Roa, Island of More, Society Islands, Tahiti
Taupo and Attendants Dancing in Open Air - Iva in Savaii, Samoa
Uatea Dancing the Sitting Siva
The Dance of War, Fiji


Map Name
Notes of Travel in Fiji and New Caledonia - A Map of Fiji and New Caledonia (1880)


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