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Asia Collection

History Archive - Asia Collection

Asia is the largest continent of the globe. Its name comes probably from an Assyrian or Hebrew word meaning "the rising sun." It has the Arctic Ocean on the north, the Pacific on the east and the Indian Ocean on the south. On the west is Europe, the boundaries being the Ural Mountains, the Caspian Sea, Caucasus Mountains, the Black, Mediterranean and Red Seas. It is joined to Africa on the southwest by the Isthmus of Suez and on the northeast is separated from America by Bering Strait. The immense coast line of 35,000 miles is very irregular.

In the early 20th century Asia was partly independent, but two thirds of the area and nearly half of the people were controlled by Europe and the United States. Independent states include Afghanistan, Arabia (partly), Baluchistan (partly), Bhutan, China, Japan (including Formosa, Korea and part of Sakhalin), Nepal, Siam, some Malay states and Turkey. The dependencies were those of America, Britain, France, Germany, Holland, Portugal and Russia.

America held the Philippines. British colonial possessions included Baluchistan, British Borneo, Burmah, Ceylon, India, Hongkong, Labuan, Sarawak, the Straits Settlements and Weihaiwei. France had Anam, Cambodia, Laos, Tong-King and places in Hindustan. Germany owns Kiaochau. Holland possessed Borneo (partly), Celebes, Java, Sumatra and other islands. Portugal remains at Goa, Kambing, Macao and Timor. Armenia (partly), Caucasia, Siberia and part of Sakhalin belonged to Imperial Russia.

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History

In Asia history began. In Asia Minor originated man's oldest monuments and records outside of Egypt. Though Babylonian civilization ceased two thousand years ago, its contemporary exists yet in China. In Asia arose every great religion - Brahmanism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Zoroastrianism. (Confucianism is not a religion but a code of conduct.) Confucius, Gautama the Buddha, Mohammed, Moses, Paul and Zoraster were Asiatics, but each affected the world as powerfully as Alexander and Caesar.

The Aryans, possibly from east of the Caspian and north of the Hindu Kush, invaded Persia and India. Persia became the first world-empire, extending her dominion under Cyrus to the confines of Greece. Alexander in turn invaded Asia 330 B. C., conquered Persia, extended his power into India and carried Greek ideas and culture from the Bosporus to the Indus and Oxus. On the death of Alexander his empire fell to pieces and subsequently all western Asia came under the dominion of Rome, including Arabia in part, Asia Minor and Syria; Constantinople inheriting and holding this region for seven centuries after.

The power of Islam, dating from the seventh century, became dominant, building empires between the Mediterranean, Ganges and Caspian on the wreckage of Rome and extending its sway into Egypt and India. Palestine became a stage (1100-1300) for the wars of religion called crusades. Turks and Tartars issued from central Asia (1215-1415), destroyed the Saracen, Muscovite and Byzantine empires, and overthrew China temporarily. The Ottoman empire was establishes, however (1300), drove back the Mongols and in 1453 captured Constantinople. Mongols founded an Indian Empire (1525-1857) whose rulers included two of the best and ablest among monarchs, Akbar and Aurangzeb.

Portugal found a sea-road to Asia around Africa to India (1497), China (1517), and Japan (1542), and initiated Asia's modern era. Russia started across Siberia (1580), Holland gained footing in the East Indies (1596), England's East India Company arrived in 1600, and France entered India four years later. England's Indian empire began in 1757, and France, failing in Hindustan, built an empire in Indo-China during the 19th century.

America brought Japan into modern life (1854), though the Dutch had influenced it through commerce for two centuries, and in fifty years it entered among the world-powers. A war between China and Japan (1894) resulted in the cession of Formosa to Japan. The Philippines were transferred to the United States (1898) at the close of the Spanish-American war. A war between Russia and Japan (1904-5), the most sanguinary struggle of recent times, resulted in victory for Japan, with added prestige, the cession of part of Sakhalin and the control of Korea.

Inhabitants

The first culture to be mentioned about in Asia is the Mongolian, the typical Asiatic and three fifths of the population. The second is the Caucasian, consisting of the Semitic and the Aryan family. The third is the Malay, whose separateness as a race is questioned. One Mongolian group embraces the tribes of Siberia and Turkestan, the other the people of China, Indo-China and Tibet.

The Turks, Koreans and Japanese belong to the first group, the Chinese, Siamese and Tibetans to the second. A Caucasian group, the family of Aryans, includes Afghans, Armenians, Baluchs, Hindus, Kurds, and Persians, but excludes Europeans and Americans; while another, the family of Semites, consists of Jews and Arabs. The Malay prevails in Philippines. Near America live Eskimos; in tropical Asia and the Philippine Islands, Negritos; and Anatolia, Arabia and Persia have Negro slaves. Of unrelated tribes hundreds exist.

Geography

The Red Sea, bordering Arabia, has become, by the building of the Suez Canal, a highway of the first importance. The Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal are wide, open divisions of the Indian Ocean. The Persian Gulf is shut in by deserts and mountains. The archipelagoes of the Pacific form the two China Seas, which, with their three gulfs, Siam, Tonquin and the Yellow Sea, constitute the Mediterranean of Asia. It is these seas that are visited by the dreaded storms called typhoons. In the north are the seas of Japan, Okhotsk and Bering.

The length of the continent from north to south is about 5,300 miles. The area, including islands, is estimated at 17,256,000 square miles, one-third of the dry land of the globe. The peninsulas of Asia occupy one fifth of its area. On the south are the three greatest peninsulas, Arabia, India and Indo-China. On the west, Asia Minor projects Europe-ward, and all but closes the waters of the Black Sea from the Mediterranean. In the east, are Kamchatka, Korea and the peninsula of Tchuktchia. The islands of Asia cover one sixth of her area. In the south and east they form a dotted line running parallel to the coast.

Surface and Drainage

Central Asia has been called the roof of the world. It is a region of lofty mountain ranges and wide plateaus, the highest of the world. North of this elevated region lies the great plain of Siberia, extending to the Arctic, while east and south are narrower plains extending to the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Extending northeast and southwest are mountain ranges and high plateaus. The great mountains of Asia are the Himalayas, the highest in the world. They are 2,000 miles in length, and from 100 to 500 in breadth, rising along their whole length far above the line of perpetual snow. There are several peaks 20,000 feet high or more the loftiest that has been measured, Mount Everest, being more than 29,000 feet. The Ural and Caucasus ranges are on the border of Asia.

There are two great tablelands: that of Western Asia, stretching from the Black Sea to the valley of the Indus, and the higher and larger tableland of eastern Asia, stretching from the Himalayas to the northeastern point of Asia, where it meets the great central tableland of North America. The plain culminates in Tibet, the highest tableland in the world, its lowest valleys being higher than Mont Blanc. These great plains separate the lowlands of Siberia and the Aral-Caspian region from the lowlands of India and China. Across the mountains to the north of Tiber is a swamp, Lake Lob-Nor, which once was a huge area, and whose rapid drying up was probably the cause of the westward migration of the Huns and Mongols.

Drainage systems are numerous, but only those of importance demand enumeration. They include continental and oceanic drainage. The first, 4,900,000 square miles in area includes rivers emptying, as in Gobi desert, Syro-Arabia or Tiber, into the Aral, Caspian or Dead Seas, Lakes Baikal, Kalkhash or Van, or the numberless lakes, sinks or swamps of Persia, Siberia, Turkestan. The oceanic systems drain to the Arctic, Pacific and Indian Oceans and the Mediterranean. The Arctic area covers 4,367,000 miles, the Pacific 3,641,000 and the Indian 2,873,000. The Lena, Ob and Yenisei flow into the Arctic, these rivers and their tributaries, when unfrozen, giving navigation throughout Siberia. China and Tibet contribute the Amur, Hwang-Ho, Si-Kiang and Yang-Tsi-Kiang to the Pacific Ocean. Indo-China gives the Mekong, Salwin and Irawadi to the Indian Ocean; India the Brahmaputra, Ganges and Indus; Armenia the Tigris and Euphrates.

Climate and Rainfall

On the tablelands and north of the main mountains the climate is very dry and there are great extremes of temperature, long severe winters and hot, short summers. South of the mountains and on the Pacific the climate is tropical but modified by altitude and the monsoons or rain-winds from the southern areas. The mean temperature ranges from nearly zero in Arctic Siberia to nearly 90&172; in Arabia. The lowest temperature is 100&172; below zero, the highest 120&172; above. Rainfalls vary from five inches annually over the Aral to 550 on the Khasiya Mountains near Calcutta.

Animal and Vegetable Life

Animals of Asiatic origin include the ass, buffalo, camel, cobra, crocodile, dromedary, dugong, dolphin, elephant, goat, horse, leopard, lion, ox, pheasant, reindeer, sheep, silkworm, sturgeon, tiger, yak, zo and others. Among indigenous plants, the flora of southeastern Asia numbering 12,400 species, are the banyan, barley, breadfruit, cedar, cotton, coffee, fig, indigo, flax, lemon, mulberry, mango olive, orange, peach, pomegranate, poppy, rice, sago, spices, sandalwood, sugar, tea, teak, the vine, wheat and many more.

References:

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

Regional Sub-Divisions

Available Books

Book Title Date
Madras - Twenty Four Plates Illustrative of Bengal Twenty Four Plates Illustrative of Bengal 1832
Madras - A Voyage to Cochinchina A Voyage to Cochinchina 1806
Madras - Account of a Voyage of discovery to the West Coast of Corea Account of a Voyage of discovery to the West Coast of Corea 1818
Madras - A Residence of Eight Years in Persia A Residence of Eight Years in Persia 1843
Madras - Travels Through Some Parts of Germany, Moldavia and Turkey Travels Through Some Parts of Germany, Moldavia and Turkey 1818
Madras - Travels in China Travels in China 1806
Madras - Narrative of the Earl of Elgin's Mission Vol. 1 Narrative of the Earl of Elgin's Mission Vol. 1 1859
Madras - Narrative of the Earl of Elgin's Mission Vol. 2 Narrative of the Earl of Elgin's Mission Vol. 2 1859
Madras - Observations on the Neilgherries Observations on the Neilgherries 1834
Madras - Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Text-Vol. 1] Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Text-Vol. 1] 1873
Madras - Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Text-Vol. 2] Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Text-Vol. 2] 1873
Madras - Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 1] Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 1] 1873
Madras - Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] 1873
Madras - A Journey from London to Persepolis A Journey from London to Persepolis 1865
Madras - Letters Written in a Mahratta Camp Letters Written in a Mahratta Camp 1813
Madras - Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official Vol. 1 Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official Vol. 1 1844
Madras - Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official Vol. 2 Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official Vol. 2 1844
Madras - An Account of the Interior of Ceylon An Account of the Interior of Ceylon 1821
Madras - The History of Java Vol. 1 The History of Java Vol. 1 1817
Madras - The History of Java Vol. 2 The History of Java Vol. 2 1817
Madras - Journal of the Proceedings of the Late Embassy to China Journal of the Proceedings of the Late Embassy to China 1817
Madras - Narrative of a Journey in the Interior of China Narrative of a Journey in the Interior of China 1818
Madras - Travels through the Southern Provinces of the Russian Empire Vol. 1 Travels through the Southern Provinces of the Russian Empire Vol. 1 1813
Madras - Travels through the Southern Provinces of the Russian Empire Vol. 2 Travels through the Southern Provinces of the Russian Empire Vol. 2 1812
Madras - Sketches of Russia Sketches of Russia 1814
Madras - Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 1 Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 1 1815
Madras - Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 2 Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 2 1817
Madras - Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 3 Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 3 1817
Madras - Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 4 Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 4 1818
Madras - The Indian Alps and How We Crossed Them The Indian Alps and How We Crossed Them 1876
Madras - Journal of a Residence in the Burmhan Empire Journal of a Residence in the Burmhan Empire 1821
Madras - The Ruins of Mandoo The Ruins of Mandoo 1860
Madras - Journal of a Route Across India Journal of a Route Across India 1819
Madras - Voyage a Athenes et a Constantinopole Voyage a Athenes et a Constantinopole 1825
Madras - Voyage en Perse Vol. 1 Voyage en Perse Vol. 1 1825
Madras - Voyage en Perse Vol. 2 Voyage en Perse Vol. 2 1825
Madras - Ladak, Physical, Statistical, and Historical Ladak, Physical, Statistical, and Historical 1854
Madras - Travels in Ladak, Tartary, and Kashmir Travels in Ladak, Tartary, and Kashmir 1862
Madras - Visits to High Tartary, Yarkand, and Kashgar Visits to High Tartary, Yarkand, and Kashgar 1871
Madras - Narrative of a Voyage, in His Majesty's late ship Alceste Narrative of a Voyage, in His Majesty's late ship Alceste 1818
Madras - A Narrative of the Mission to the Court of Ava A Narrative of the Mission to the Court of Ava 1858
Madras - The History and Doctrine of Budhism The History and Doctrine of Budhism 1829
Madras - Sketches Between the Persian Gulf and Black Sea Sketches Between the Persian Gulf and Black Sea 1852
Madras - Illustrations of Japan Illustrations of Japan 1822
Madras - De Zieke Reiziger, or, Rambles in Java and the Straits De Zieke Reiziger, or, Rambles in Java and the Straits 1853
Madras - Borneo and the Indian Archipelago Borneo and the Indian Archipelago 1848
Madras - The Duke of Edinburgh in Ceylon The Duke of Edinburgh in Ceylon 1871
Madras - Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia Vol. 1 Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia Vol. 1 1822
Madras - Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia Vol. 2 Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia Vol. 2 1822
Madras - China in a Series of Views Vol. 3 China in a Series of Views Vol. 3 1843
Madras - China in a Series of Views Vol. 2 China in a Series of Views Vol. 2 1843
Madras - Sketches and Incidents of the Siege of Lucknow Sketches and Incidents of the Siege of Lucknow 1857
Madras - China in a Series of Views Vol. 1 China in a Series of Views Vol. 1 1843
Madras - Asiatic Costumes Asiatic Costumes 1828
Madras - The Costume of Indostan The Costume of Indostan 1804
Madras - The Costume of Hindostan The Costume of Hindostan 1804
Madras - Incidents of Travel in Greece, Turkey, Russia and Poland Incidents of Travel in Greece, Turkey, Russia and Poland 1839
Madras - The Campaign in India The Campaign in India 1859
Madras - Views in the Eastern Archipelago Views in the Eastern Archipelago 1847
Madras - Sketches from Nipal Vol. 1 Sketches from Nipal Vol. 1 1880
Madras - Sketches from Nipal Vol. 2 Sketches from Nipal Vol. 2 1880
Madras - The Chinese Opium Smoker The Chinese Opium Smoker 1875
Madras - Views in India, China, and on the Shores of the Red Sea Views in India, China, and on the Shores of the Red Sea 1835
Madras - Historical Researches on the Wars and Sports of the Mongols and Romans Historical Researches on the Wars and Sports of the Mongols and Romans 1826
Madras - An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 3: Plates] An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 3: Plates] 1797
Madras - An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 1: Text] An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 1: Text] 1797
Madras - An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 2: Text] An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 2: Text] 1797
Madras - Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 1 Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 1 1809
Madras - Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 1809
Madras - Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 1809
Madras - Twenty-Four Views Taken in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, Abyssinia, and Egypt Twenty-Four Views Taken in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, Abyssinia, and Egypt 1809
Madras - A Picturesque Voyage to India by the Way of China A Picturesque Voyage to India by the Way of China 1810
Madras - Travels in the Central Parts of Indo-China Vol. 1 Travels in the Central Parts of Indo-China Vol. 1 1864
Madras - A Literary & Historical Atlas of Asia A Literary & Historical Atlas of Asia 1912
Madras - Travels in the Central Parts of Indo-China Vol. 2 Travels in the Central Parts of Indo-China Vol. 2 1864
Madras - Journals Kept in Hyderabad, Kashmir, Sikkim, and Nepal Vol. 1 Journals Kept in Hyderabad, Kashmir, Sikkim, and Nepal Vol. 1 1887
Madras - Journals Kept in Hyderabad, Kashmir, Sikkim, and Nepal Vol. 2 Journals Kept in Hyderabad, Kashmir, Sikkim, and Nepal Vol. 2 1887
Madras - Scenes from the Japan-China War Scenes from the Japan-China War 1895
Madras - The Kingdom and People of Siam Vol. 1 The Kingdom and People of Siam Vol. 1 1857
Madras - The Kingdom and People of Siam Vol. 2 The Kingdom and People of Siam Vol. 2 1857
Madras - Ruins of Desert Cathay Vol. 1 Ruins of Desert Cathay Vol. 1 1912
Madras - Ruins of Desert Cathay Vol. 2 Ruins of Desert Cathay Vol. 2 1912
Madras - Sand-Buried Ruins of Khotan Sand-Buried Ruins of Khotan 1904
Madras - Ancient Khotan Vol. 1 Ancient Khotan Vol. 1 1907
Madras - Ancient Khotan Vol. 2 Ancient Khotan Vol. 2 1907
Madras - The Book of Ser Marco Polo Vol. 1 The Book of Ser Marco Polo Vol. 1 1871
Madras - The Book of Ser Marco Polo Vol. 2 The Book of Ser Marco Polo Vol. 2 1871
Madras - Travels in Circassia, Krim-Tartary &c Travels in Circassia, Krim-Tartary &c 1839
Madras - Journal of a Residence in Circassia Vol. 1 Journal of a Residence in Circassia Vol. 1 1840
Madras - Journal of a Residence in Circassia Vol. 2 Journal of a Residence in Circassia Vol. 2 1840
Madras - Turkey, Russia, the Black Sea, and Circassia Turkey, Russia, the Black Sea, and Circassia 1855
Madras - A Brief Narrative of an Unsuccessful Attempt to Reach Repulse Bay A Brief Narrative of an Unsuccessful Attempt to Reach Repulse Bay 1825
Madras - An Authentic Account of an Embassy from Great Britain to China Vol. 1 An Authentic Account of an Embassy from Great Britain to China Vol. 1 1797
Madras - An Authentic Account of an Embassy from Great Britain to China Vol. 2 An Authentic Account of an Embassy from Great Britain to China Vol. 2 1797
Madras - The History of Genghizcan the Great The History of Genghizcan the Great 1722
Madras - History of the Two Tartar Conquerors of China History of the Two Tartar Conquerors of China 1854
Madras - Diary of a Pedestrian in Cashmere and Thibet Diary of a Pedestrian in Cashmere and Thibet 1863
Madras - Narrative of a Journey in the Interior of China Narrative of a Journey in the Interior of China 1819
Madras - Voyage of the Barracouta to Japan, Kamtschatka, Siberia, China, etc Voyage of the Barracouta to Japan, Kamtschatka, Siberia, China, etc 1859
Madras - Temples and Elephants Temples and Elephants 1884
Madras - Our Trip to Burmah Our Trip to Burmah 1877
Madras - Eighteen Views taken at and near Rangoon Eighteen Views taken at and near Rangoon 1826
Madras - The Happy Valley: Sketches of Kashmir and the Kashmiris The Happy Valley: Sketches of Kashmir and the Kashmiris 1879
Madras - Travels on Horseback in Mantchu Tartary Travels on Horseback in Mantchu Tartary 1863
Madras - Under the Flag of the Orient Under the Flag of the Orient 1897
Madras - Life in the Forests of the Far East Vol. 1 Life in the Forests of the Far East Vol. 1 1862
Madras - Life in the Forests of the Far East Vol. 2 Life in the Forests of the Far East Vol. 2 1862
Madras - Oriental and Western Siberia Oriental and Western Siberia 1858
Madras - Keramic Art of Japan Vol. 1 Keramic Art of Japan Vol. 1 1875
Madras - Keramic Art of Japan Vol. 2 Keramic Art of Japan Vol. 2 1875
Madras - Journey from Riga to the Crimea Journey from Riga to the Crimea 1827
Madras - Notes Relating to the Manners and Customs of the Crim Tatars Notes Relating to the Manners and Customs of the Crim Tatars 1821
Madras - Travels to the Seat of War in the East Travels to the Seat of War in the East 1830
Madras - The Opening of Tibet The Opening of Tibet 1905
Madras - La Chine : Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 1 La Chine : Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 1 1825
Madras - La Chine : Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 2 La Chine : Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 2 1825
Madras - Costumes Civiles Vol. 2 - Asie Costumes Civiles Vol. 2 - Asie 1788
Madras - Across Coveted Lands Vol. 1 Across Coveted Lands Vol. 1 1903
Madras - China and the Allies Vol. 1 China and the Allies Vol. 1 1901
Madras - China and the Allies Vol. 2 China and the Allies Vol. 2 1901
Madras - Corea or Cho-sen, the Land of the Morning Calm Corea or Cho-sen, the Land of the Morning Calm 1895
Madras - In the Forbidden Land Vol. 1 In the Forbidden Land Vol. 1 1898
Madras - In the Forbidden Land Vol. 2 In the Forbidden Land Vol. 2 1898
Madras - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 1 Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 1 1861
Madras - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 2 Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 2 1862
Madras - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 3 Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 3 1863
Madras - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 4 Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 4 1866
Madras - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Atlas Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Atlas 1866
Madras - Pioneers in India Pioneers in India 1913
Madras - Eine Reise um die Welt von Westen nach Osten durch Sibirien Eine Reise um die Welt von Westen nach Osten durch Sibirien 1854
Madras - Sport and Travel in Both Tibets Sport and Travel in Both Tibets 1909
Madras - Transcaucasia. Sketches of the Nations and Races Transcaucasia. Sketches of the Nations and Races 1854
Madras - The Long White Mountain The Long White Mountain 1888
Madras - A Lady's Visit to Manilla and Japan A Lady's Visit to Manilla and Japan 1863
Madras - The Medical Missionary in China The Medical Missionary in China 1861
Madras - Travels in the Regions of the Upper and Lower Amoor Travels in the Regions of the Upper and Lower Amoor 1860
Madras - The Story of the Campaign of Sebastopol The Story of the Campaign of Sebastopol 1855
Madras - Pictorial History of the Russian War Pictorial History of the Russian War 1856
Madras - Scutari and It's Hospitals Scutari and It's Hospitals 1855
Madras - The Emperor of China's Palace at Pekin The Emperor of China's Palace at Pekin 1753
Madras - Hindoo Excavations in the Mountain of Ellora Hindoo Excavations in the Mountain of Ellora 1803
Madras - Six Views of Singapore and Macao Six Views of Singapore and Macao 1840
Madras - Moeurs, Usages et Costumes de Tous les Peuples du Monde Vol. 1 Moeurs, Usages et Costumes de Tous les Peuples du Monde Vol. 1 1843
Madras - An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul Vol. 1 An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul Vol. 1 1839
Madras - An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul Vol. 2 An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul Vol. 2 1839
Madras - The Expedition into Affghanistan The Expedition into Affghanistan 1842
Madras - Sketches in Afghaunistan Sketches in Afghaunistan 1842
Madras - A Personal Narrative of a Visit to Ghuzni, Kabul, and Afghanistan A Personal Narrative of a Visit to Ghuzni, Kabul, and Afghanistan 1840
Madras - Views in the Burman Empire Views in the Burman Empire 1831
Madras - An Account of the Kingdom of Nepal An Account of the Kingdom of Nepal 1819
Madras - Scenery, Inhabitants, & Costumes, of Afghaunistan Scenery, Inhabitants, & Costumes, of Afghaunistan 1848
Madras - Bactria, the History of a Forgotten Empire Bactria, the History of a Forgotten Empire 1912
Madras - Journal of a Voyage, in 1811 and 1812, to Madras and China Journal of a Voyage, in 1811 and 1812, to Madras and China 1814
Madras - The Beautiful Scenery and Chief Places of Interest throughout the Crimea The Beautiful Scenery and Chief Places of Interest throughout the Crimea 1856
Madras - Marine and Coast Sketches of the Black Sea, Sea of Azoff &c. Marine and Coast Sketches of the Black Sea, Sea of Azoff &c. 1856
Madras - Travels from India to England Travels from India to England 1827
Madras - The World in Miniature: China Vol. 1 The World in Miniature: China Vol. 1 1823
Madras - The World in Miniature: China Vol. 2 The World in Miniature: China Vol. 2 1823
Madras - The World in Miniature: Japan The World in Miniature: Japan 1823
Madras - Siam by Pierre Loti Siam by Pierre Loti 1913
Madras - A Tarantasse Journey through Eastern Russia A Tarantasse Journey through Eastern Russia 1857
Madras - Narrative of a Pedestrian Journey through Russia and Siberian Tartary Narrative of a Pedestrian Journey through Russia and Siberian Tartary 1825
Madras - Turkey, Russia, the Black Sea, and Circassia Turkey, Russia, the Black Sea, and Circassia 1854
Madras - Sketches in the Crimea Sketches in the Crimea 1856
Madras - Narrative of a Journey into Khorasan Narrative of a Journey into Khorasan 1825
Madras - Views in Affghaunistaun Views in Affghaunistaun 1840
Madras - The Danube and the Black Sea The Danube and the Black Sea 1857
Madras - Klencke Atlas Klencke Atlas 1660
Madras - The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain 1676
Madras - The English and French Fleets in the Baltic The English and French Fleets in the Baltic 1855
Madras - Views in Bootan Views in Bootan 1813
Madras - 24 Views in Indostan by William Orme 24 Views in Indostan by William Orme 1802
Madras - Travel in Aquatint and Lithography Vol. 2 Travel in Aquatint and Lithography Vol. 2 1957
Madras - Theatrum Orbis Terrarum Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 1570
Madras - Catalan Atlas Catalan Atlas 1375
Madras - Life in Asiatic Turkey Life in Asiatic Turkey 1879
Madras - Geographia Antiqua Latinorum et Graecorum Geographia Antiqua Latinorum et Graecorum 1721
Madras - The Costume of the Russian Empire The Costume of the Russian Empire 1803
Madras - Russia: Being a Complete Picture of that Empire Russia: Being a Complete Picture of that Empire 1817
Madras - A Journey from India to England A Journey from India to England 1818
Madras - The Seat of War in the East Vol. 1 The Seat of War in the East Vol. 1 1855
Madras - The Seat of War in the East Vol. 2 The Seat of War in the East Vol. 2 1856

Images

Image Name
Ningpo River
Tombs of the Kings, Nakchi Rustum
Monuments Khmers - Angcor Wat - Elevation de la Facade Quest
Powder Horn
A Nantch, or Singing Girl [I]
Winter Walking Dress
Hartfordshire
A Theweda or Angel
The third descent of the Koojah Pass
The Pyramids from Old Cairo
Front Cover
Cheribon, as seen from the Steamer Koningen
Back Cover
Title Page
Seaou-Koo-Shan from the East
Priest Abraham of Ooroomiah
A Nantch Girl, or Singing Girl [IV]
Tiger Island
A view of Fusy - Yama (from a Japanese drawing)
Un Sultan sans son harem
Harbour of Eneada, Black Sea
The West Ridinge of Yorkeshyre
The Monastery of St. George and Cape Fiolente. Looking West.
Grand Chancelier, Mandarins, Lettres, etc
El Wuish, Red Sea
A Female Yakouti
Architectural Details of Remains at Pagan
Cabanes
Tomb of Hoomaseeoon
A view of part of the great wall of China
Sculptures in the Mount at Nimroud
Rajah's Palace, Ladak
Sketch of the Engagements near Poonah
Tooloomerbo Green River
Salle des audiences solennelles
The Delhi Gate
Key to "The Town Batteries or Interior Fortifications of Sebastopol."
The Ruins of Sebastopol
Franciae Orientalis Monasteriensis
Fetes de Bassac : Illumination du Fleuve
The Town of Adowe
Steppes between Perekop and Simferopol
A Newe Mape of Poland
Pompe solennelle de Cyrus a Babylone
Key to "View from the Heights above Balaklava, Looking Towards Sebastopol."
Key to "The North Side of the Harbour of Sebastopol, From the Top of the Harbour, June 22nd 1855."
Redout Kaleh
Clive at the Siege of Arcot - 1751
Palm Grove and Singhalese Habitations near Galle Ceylon
Javanese and wounded Shark
Chasse des elephans
A Ryot, or Ploughman
Balaclava, Seen from the Shore
The First Bengal Fusiliers Marching Down from Dugshai
Book Display
Tunguses
Wounded Men at Dugshai
A Gardener
View of the Cazan's Church in St. Petersburg
A village and Cottages
Plan of the Compounds in the Cantonment of Ootacamund [1834]
Sketch of the Battle of Meinpoor
View from the Factory at Mocha
Kamiesch.
Palicare de la Selleide
Scene upon the Terrace of the Great Dagon Pagoda at Rangoon taken near the Great Bell
Soldat en uniforme complet
Camp in Pagong Nullah
Le Garde des Sceaux d'Ali-Pacha
Cocotier, Chacal, Cobra de capello, Solitaire etc
Back Cover
Village of Echmiadzin with Mount Ararat
Hyder Khan, the governor of Ghuznee
The Town of Abha in Abyssinia
Index Map of Routes
Viswakarmâ
Voitures
The Foochun Hill, in the Province of Che-keang
Search for the Wounded
The Marble Mausoleum of the Sultan Hoossain Shah Ghuree
Ruins of the Fort at Juanpore on the River Goomtee
Bedfordshire
Tseih-Sing-Yen, or
View of the Great Pagoda at Mengoon as Shattered by the Earthquake of 1839
Dame curde paree au Harem
The Darbar at Patan
The Tibetan Horn-Book from a Tibetian Wooden Block
Houches ou pipes diverses
View of Sandy Bay, St. Helena
The Valley of the Yarkand River Downwards from Dera Bullu in Turkistan
Key to "The Gale off the Port of Balaklava 14th Novr. 1854."
Advance of the Siege Train
America Sive Novi Orbis Nova Descriptio
Le combat des Amazones Hyppolite et Dinomaque
Indiae Orientalis Insularumque Adiacientium Typus
Ancient Jain Temple

Maps

Map Name
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Province of Mounster (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Cumberland (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Descriptio Germaniae Inferioris (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Schlavoniae, Croatiae, Carniae, Istriae, Bosniae, Finitimarumque Regionum Nova Descriptio (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Insularum Aliquot Maris Mediterranei Descriptio (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Caermarden (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Dorsetshyre (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Italia Novissima Descriptio (1570)
Account of a Voyage of discovery to the West Coast of Corea - Napakiang Roads (1818)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Typus Vindelicae (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Africae Tabula Nova (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Palestinae Sive Totius Terrae (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Caletensium / Verom. (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Daniae Regni Typus (1570)
Catalan Atlas - Leafs 9 & 10 (1375)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Surrey (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Asiae Nova Descriptio (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Caernarvon (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Cambridgshire (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Regni Bohemiae Descriptio (1570)
Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] - Carte Itineraire No. 9 (1873)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Province of Connaugh (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Russiae, Moscoviae et Tartariae Descriptio (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Barkshire (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Hungariae Descriptio Wolfgang Lazio Auct. (1570)
Account of a Voyage of discovery to the West Coast of Corea - Chart of the Gulf of Pee-Chee-Lee (1818)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Galliae Narbonensis / Sabaundiae et Burgundiae (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Glamorganshyre (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Worcestershire (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Newe Mape of Tartary (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Natoliae / Aegypti, Recentior Descriptio / Carthaginis Celeberrim Sinus Typis (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Counti of Nottingham (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Cyprus Insula (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Counti of Warwick (1676)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 1 - Carte Generale de l'Asie (1815)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Province of Ulster (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Saxoniae (1570)
Catalan Atlas - Leafs 11 & 12 (1375)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Greece (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Newe Mape of Poland (1676)
The Story of the Campaign of Sebastopol - Sketch Map of Sevastopol with the Siege Works - 1855 (1855)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Breknoke (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Hartfordshire (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Pedemontanae (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Germania (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Brabantiae (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Galliae Regni Potentiss (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Kingdome of Denmarke (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Bishophrick and Citie of Durham (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Kingdome of Persia (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Map of the Sommer Ilands (1676)
Visits to High Tartary, Yarkand, and Kashgar - Map of the Route from Leh to Yarkand and Kashgar (1871)
Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 1 - Mappemonde (1815)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Regni Hispaniae (1570)
Journals Kept in Hyderabad, Kashmir, Sikkim, and Nepal Vol. 2 - Sketch Map to Illustrate the Diaries in Nepal and Sikkim (1887)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Newe Mape of the Romane Empire (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Wales (1676)
Catalan Atlas - Leafs 5 & 6 (1375)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Franciae Orientalis Monasteriensis (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Map of Jamaica and Barbados (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Helvetiae Descriptio Aegidio (1570)
Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] - Carte Itineraire No. 8 (1873)
Journal of the Proceedings of the Late Embassy to China - Map of the Route of the British Embassy (II) (1817)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Kingdome of Scotland (1676)
Narrative of the Earl of Elgin's Mission Vol. 2 - Map of the City of Yedo and Vicinity (1859)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Asia (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Tartariae Sive Magni Chami Regni (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Counti and City of Lyn (1676)
Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] - Carte Itineraire No. 1 - Carte des Rapides de Khong (1873)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Kent (1676)
A Voyage to Cochinchina - View of the Land Round the Harbour of Rio de Janeiro (1806)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Countie Westmorland (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Salisburgensis (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Map of New England and New York (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Devonshire (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Mape of Hungari (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - America Sive Novi Orbis Nova Descriptio (1570)
Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] - Carte Itineraire No. 2 (1873)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Lakii Lacus Vulgo Terretorii Romani Descrip Fori Iulii (1570)
Catalan Atlas - Leafs 7 & 8 (1375)
Eine Reise um die Welt von Westen nach Osten durch Sibirien - Map of Far Eastern Asia Including Siberia and Manchuria (1854)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Europae (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Kingdome of Irland (1676)
Life in Asiatic Turkey - Map of Asia Minor Shewing the District Visited by Revd E. J. Davis (1879)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Flandria (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Merionethshire (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Denbighshore (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Map of Russia (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Invasions of England and Ireland (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Silesiae Typus (1570)
Observations on the Neilgherries - Map of the Neelgiries and the Different Approaches to Them [1834] (1834)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Essex (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Norhamtonshire (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Bohemia (1676)
Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] - Carte Itineraire No. 4 (1873)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Glocestershire (1676)

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