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Asia Collection

History Archive - Asia Collection

Asia is the largest continent of the globe. Its name comes probably from an Assyrian or Hebrew word meaning "the rising sun." It has the Arctic Ocean on the north, the Pacific on the east and the Indian Ocean on the south. On the west is Europe, the boundaries being the Ural Mountains, the Caspian Sea, Caucasus Mountains, the Black, Mediterranean and Red Seas. It is joined to Africa on the southwest by the Isthmus of Suez and on the northeast is separated from America by Bering Strait. The immense coast line of 35,000 miles is very irregular.

In the early 20th century Asia was partly independent, but two thirds of the area and nearly half of the people were controlled by Europe and the United States. Independent states include Afghanistan, Arabia (partly), Baluchistan (partly), Bhutan, China, Japan (including Formosa, Korea and part of Sakhalin), Nepal, Siam, some Malay states and Turkey. The dependencies were those of America, Britain, France, Germany, Holland, Portugal and Russia.

America held the Philippines. British colonial possessions included Baluchistan, British Borneo, Burmah, Ceylon, India, Hongkong, Labuan, Sarawak, the Straits Settlements and Weihaiwei. France had Anam, Cambodia, Laos, Tong-King and places in Hindustan. Germany owns Kiaochau. Holland possessed Borneo (partly), Celebes, Java, Sumatra and other islands. Portugal remains at Goa, Kambing, Macao and Timor. Armenia (partly), Caucasia, Siberia and part of Sakhalin belonged to Imperial Russia.

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History

In Asia history began. In Asia Minor originated man's oldest monuments and records outside of Egypt. Though Babylonian civilization ceased two thousand years ago, its contemporary exists yet in China. In Asia arose every great religion - Brahmanism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Zoroastrianism. (Confucianism is not a religion but a code of conduct.) Confucius, Gautama the Buddha, Mohammed, Moses, Paul and Zoraster were Asiatics, but each affected the world as powerfully as Alexander and Caesar.

The Aryans, possibly from east of the Caspian and north of the Hindu Kush, invaded Persia and India. Persia became the first world-empire, extending her dominion under Cyrus to the confines of Greece. Alexander in turn invaded Asia 330 B. C., conquered Persia, extended his power into India and carried Greek ideas and culture from the Bosporus to the Indus and Oxus. On the death of Alexander his empire fell to pieces and subsequently all western Asia came under the dominion of Rome, including Arabia in part, Asia Minor and Syria; Constantinople inheriting and holding this region for seven centuries after.

The power of Islam, dating from the seventh century, became dominant, building empires between the Mediterranean, Ganges and Caspian on the wreckage of Rome and extending its sway into Egypt and India. Palestine became a stage (1100-1300) for the wars of religion called crusades. Turks and Tartars issued from central Asia (1215-1415), destroyed the Saracen, Muscovite and Byzantine empires, and overthrew China temporarily. The Ottoman empire was establishes, however (1300), drove back the Mongols and in 1453 captured Constantinople. Mongols founded an Indian Empire (1525-1857) whose rulers included two of the best and ablest among monarchs, Akbar and Aurangzeb.

Portugal found a sea-road to Asia around Africa to India (1497), China (1517), and Japan (1542), and initiated Asia's modern era. Russia started across Siberia (1580), Holland gained footing in the East Indies (1596), England's East India Company arrived in 1600, and France entered India four years later. England's Indian empire began in 1757, and France, failing in Hindustan, built an empire in Indo-China during the 19th century.

America brought Japan into modern life (1854), though the Dutch had influenced it through commerce for two centuries, and in fifty years it entered among the world-powers. A war between China and Japan (1894) resulted in the cession of Formosa to Japan. The Philippines were transferred to the United States (1898) at the close of the Spanish-American war. A war between Russia and Japan (1904-5), the most sanguinary struggle of recent times, resulted in victory for Japan, with added prestige, the cession of part of Sakhalin and the control of Korea.

Inhabitants

The first culture to be mentioned about in Asia is the Mongolian, the typical Asiatic and three fifths of the population. The second is the Caucasian, consisting of the Semitic and the Aryan family. The third is the Malay, whose separateness as a race is questioned. One Mongolian group embraces the tribes of Siberia and Turkestan, the other the people of China, Indo-China and Tibet.

The Turks, Koreans and Japanese belong to the first group, the Chinese, Siamese and Tibetans to the second. A Caucasian group, the family of Aryans, includes Afghans, Armenians, Baluchs, Hindus, Kurds, and Persians, but excludes Europeans and Americans; while another, the family of Semites, consists of Jews and Arabs. The Malay prevails in Philippines. Near America live Eskimos; in tropical Asia and the Philippine Islands, Negritos; and Anatolia, Arabia and Persia have Negro slaves. Of unrelated tribes hundreds exist.

Geography

The Red Sea, bordering Arabia, has become, by the building of the Suez Canal, a highway of the first importance. The Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal are wide, open divisions of the Indian Ocean. The Persian Gulf is shut in by deserts and mountains. The archipelagoes of the Pacific form the two China Seas, which, with their three gulfs, Siam, Tonquin and the Yellow Sea, constitute the Mediterranean of Asia. It is these seas that are visited by the dreaded storms called typhoons. In the north are the seas of Japan, Okhotsk and Bering.

The length of the continent from north to south is about 5,300 miles. The area, including islands, is estimated at 17,256,000 square miles, one-third of the dry land of the globe. The peninsulas of Asia occupy one fifth of its area. On the south are the three greatest peninsulas, Arabia, India and Indo-China. On the west, Asia Minor projects Europe-ward, and all but closes the waters of the Black Sea from the Mediterranean. In the east, are Kamchatka, Korea and the peninsula of Tchuktchia. The islands of Asia cover one sixth of her area. In the south and east they form a dotted line running parallel to the coast.

Surface and Drainage

Central Asia has been called the roof of the world. It is a region of lofty mountain ranges and wide plateaus, the highest of the world. North of this elevated region lies the great plain of Siberia, extending to the Arctic, while east and south are narrower plains extending to the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Extending northeast and southwest are mountain ranges and high plateaus. The great mountains of Asia are the Himalayas, the highest in the world. They are 2,000 miles in length, and from 100 to 500 in breadth, rising along their whole length far above the line of perpetual snow. There are several peaks 20,000 feet high or more the loftiest that has been measured, Mount Everest, being more than 29,000 feet. The Ural and Caucasus ranges are on the border of Asia.

There are two great tablelands: that of Western Asia, stretching from the Black Sea to the valley of the Indus, and the higher and larger tableland of eastern Asia, stretching from the Himalayas to the northeastern point of Asia, where it meets the great central tableland of North America. The plain culminates in Tibet, the highest tableland in the world, its lowest valleys being higher than Mont Blanc. These great plains separate the lowlands of Siberia and the Aral-Caspian region from the lowlands of India and China. Across the mountains to the north of Tiber is a swamp, Lake Lob-Nor, which once was a huge area, and whose rapid drying up was probably the cause of the westward migration of the Huns and Mongols.

Drainage systems are numerous, but only those of importance demand enumeration. They include continental and oceanic drainage. The first, 4,900,000 square miles in area includes rivers emptying, as in Gobi desert, Syro-Arabia or Tiber, into the Aral, Caspian or Dead Seas, Lakes Baikal, Kalkhash or Van, or the numberless lakes, sinks or swamps of Persia, Siberia, Turkestan. The oceanic systems drain to the Arctic, Pacific and Indian Oceans and the Mediterranean. The Arctic area covers 4,367,000 miles, the Pacific 3,641,000 and the Indian 2,873,000. The Lena, Ob and Yenisei flow into the Arctic, these rivers and their tributaries, when unfrozen, giving navigation throughout Siberia. China and Tibet contribute the Amur, Hwang-Ho, Si-Kiang and Yang-Tsi-Kiang to the Pacific Ocean. Indo-China gives the Mekong, Salwin and Irawadi to the Indian Ocean; India the Brahmaputra, Ganges and Indus; Armenia the Tigris and Euphrates.

Climate and Rainfall

On the tablelands and north of the main mountains the climate is very dry and there are great extremes of temperature, long severe winters and hot, short summers. South of the mountains and on the Pacific the climate is tropical but modified by altitude and the monsoons or rain-winds from the southern areas. The mean temperature ranges from nearly zero in Arctic Siberia to nearly 90&172; in Arabia. The lowest temperature is 100&172; below zero, the highest 120&172; above. Rainfalls vary from five inches annually over the Aral to 550 on the Khasiya Mountains near Calcutta.

Animal and Vegetable Life

Animals of Asiatic origin include the ass, buffalo, camel, cobra, crocodile, dromedary, dugong, dolphin, elephant, goat, horse, leopard, lion, ox, pheasant, reindeer, sheep, silkworm, sturgeon, tiger, yak, zo and others. Among indigenous plants, the flora of southeastern Asia numbering 12,400 species, are the banyan, barley, breadfruit, cedar, cotton, coffee, fig, indigo, flax, lemon, mulberry, mango olive, orange, peach, pomegranate, poppy, rice, sago, spices, sandalwood, sugar, tea, teak, the vine, wheat and many more.

References:

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

Regional Sub-Divisions

Available Books

Book Title Date
Madras - Twenty Four Plates Illustrative of Bengal Twenty Four Plates Illustrative of Bengal 1832
Madras - A Voyage to Cochinchina A Voyage to Cochinchina 1806
Madras - Account of a Voyage of discovery to the West Coast of Corea Account of a Voyage of discovery to the West Coast of Corea 1818
Madras - A Residence of Eight Years in Persia A Residence of Eight Years in Persia 1843
Madras - Travels Through Some Parts of Germany, Moldavia and Turkey Travels Through Some Parts of Germany, Moldavia and Turkey 1818
Madras - Travels in China Travels in China 1806
Madras - Narrative of the Earl of Elgin's Mission Vol. 1 Narrative of the Earl of Elgin's Mission Vol. 1 1859
Madras - Narrative of the Earl of Elgin's Mission Vol. 2 Narrative of the Earl of Elgin's Mission Vol. 2 1859
Madras - Observations on the Neilgherries Observations on the Neilgherries 1834
Madras - Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Text-Vol. 1] Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Text-Vol. 1] 1873
Madras - Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Text-Vol. 2] Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Text-Vol. 2] 1873
Madras - Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 1] Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 1] 1873
Madras - Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] 1873
Madras - A Journey from London to Persepolis A Journey from London to Persepolis 1865
Madras - Letters Written in a Mahratta Camp Letters Written in a Mahratta Camp 1813
Madras - Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official Vol. 1 Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official Vol. 1 1844
Madras - Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official Vol. 2 Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official Vol. 2 1844
Madras - An Account of the Interior of Ceylon An Account of the Interior of Ceylon 1821
Madras - The History of Java Vol. 1 The History of Java Vol. 1 1817
Madras - The History of Java Vol. 2 The History of Java Vol. 2 1817
Madras - Journal of the Proceedings of the Late Embassy to China Journal of the Proceedings of the Late Embassy to China 1817
Madras - Narrative of a Journey in the Interior of China Narrative of a Journey in the Interior of China 1818
Madras - Travels through the Southern Provinces of the Russian Empire Vol. 1 Travels through the Southern Provinces of the Russian Empire Vol. 1 1813
Madras - Travels through the Southern Provinces of the Russian Empire Vol. 2 Travels through the Southern Provinces of the Russian Empire Vol. 2 1812
Madras - Sketches of Russia Sketches of Russia 1814
Madras - Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 1 Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 1 1815
Madras - Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 2 Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 2 1817
Madras - Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 3 Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 3 1817
Madras - Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 4 Le Costume Ancien et Moderne [Asie] Vol. 4 1818
Madras - The Indian Alps and How We Crossed Them The Indian Alps and How We Crossed Them 1876
Madras - Journal of a Residence in the Burmhan Empire Journal of a Residence in the Burmhan Empire 1821
Madras - The Ruins of Mandoo The Ruins of Mandoo 1860
Madras - Journal of a Route Across India Journal of a Route Across India 1819
Madras - Voyage a Athenes et a Constantinopole Voyage a Athenes et a Constantinopole 1825
Madras - Voyage en Perse Vol. 1 Voyage en Perse Vol. 1 1825
Madras - Voyage en Perse Vol. 2 Voyage en Perse Vol. 2 1825
Madras - Ladak, Physical, Statistical, and Historical Ladak, Physical, Statistical, and Historical 1854
Madras - Travels in Ladak, Tartary, and Kashmir Travels in Ladak, Tartary, and Kashmir 1862
Madras - Visits to High Tartary, Yarkand, and Kashgar Visits to High Tartary, Yarkand, and Kashgar 1871
Madras - Narrative of a Voyage, in His Majesty's late ship Alceste Narrative of a Voyage, in His Majesty's late ship Alceste 1818
Madras - A Narrative of the Mission to the Court of Ava A Narrative of the Mission to the Court of Ava 1858
Madras - The History and Doctrine of Budhism The History and Doctrine of Budhism 1829
Madras - Sketches Between the Persian Gulf and Black Sea Sketches Between the Persian Gulf and Black Sea 1852
Madras - Illustrations of Japan Illustrations of Japan 1822
Madras - De Zieke Reiziger, or, Rambles in Java and the Straits De Zieke Reiziger, or, Rambles in Java and the Straits 1853
Madras - Borneo and the Indian Archipelago Borneo and the Indian Archipelago 1848
Madras - The Duke of Edinburgh in Ceylon The Duke of Edinburgh in Ceylon 1871
Madras - Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia Vol. 1 Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia Vol. 1 1822
Madras - Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia Vol. 2 Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia Vol. 2 1822
Madras - China in a Series of Views Vol. 3 China in a Series of Views Vol. 3 1843
Madras - China in a Series of Views Vol. 2 China in a Series of Views Vol. 2 1843
Madras - Sketches and Incidents of the Siege of Lucknow Sketches and Incidents of the Siege of Lucknow 1857
Madras - China in a Series of Views Vol. 1 China in a Series of Views Vol. 1 1843
Madras - Asiatic Costumes Asiatic Costumes 1828
Madras - The Costume of Indostan The Costume of Indostan 1804
Madras - The Costume of Hindostan The Costume of Hindostan 1804
Madras - Incidents of Travel in Greece, Turkey, Russia and Poland Incidents of Travel in Greece, Turkey, Russia and Poland 1839
Madras - The Campaign in India The Campaign in India 1859
Madras - Views in the Eastern Archipelago Views in the Eastern Archipelago 1847
Madras - Sketches from Nipal Vol. 1 Sketches from Nipal Vol. 1 1880
Madras - Sketches from Nipal Vol. 2 Sketches from Nipal Vol. 2 1880
Madras - The Chinese Opium Smoker The Chinese Opium Smoker 1875
Madras - Views in India, China, and on the Shores of the Red Sea Views in India, China, and on the Shores of the Red Sea 1835
Madras - Historical Researches on the Wars and Sports of the Mongols and Romans Historical Researches on the Wars and Sports of the Mongols and Romans 1826
Madras - An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 3: Plates] An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 3: Plates] 1797
Madras - An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 1: Text] An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 1: Text] 1797
Madras - An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 2: Text] An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 2: Text] 1797
Madras - Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 1 Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 1 1809
Madras - Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 2 1809
Madras - Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 Voyages and Travels to India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia, and Egypt Vol. 3 1809
Madras - Twenty-Four Views Taken in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, Abyssinia, and Egypt Twenty-Four Views Taken in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, Abyssinia, and Egypt 1809
Madras - A Picturesque Voyage to India by the Way of China A Picturesque Voyage to India by the Way of China 1810
Madras - Travels in the Central Parts of Indo-China Vol. 1 Travels in the Central Parts of Indo-China Vol. 1 1864
Madras - A Literary & Historical Atlas of Asia A Literary & Historical Atlas of Asia 1912
Madras - Travels in the Central Parts of Indo-China Vol. 2 Travels in the Central Parts of Indo-China Vol. 2 1864
Madras - Journals Kept in Hyderabad, Kashmir, Sikkim, and Nepal Vol. 1 Journals Kept in Hyderabad, Kashmir, Sikkim, and Nepal Vol. 1 1887
Madras - Journals Kept in Hyderabad, Kashmir, Sikkim, and Nepal Vol. 2 Journals Kept in Hyderabad, Kashmir, Sikkim, and Nepal Vol. 2 1887
Madras - Scenes from the Japan-China War Scenes from the Japan-China War 1895
Madras - The Kingdom and People of Siam Vol. 1 The Kingdom and People of Siam Vol. 1 1857
Madras - The Kingdom and People of Siam Vol. 2 The Kingdom and People of Siam Vol. 2 1857
Madras - Ruins of Desert Cathay Vol. 1 Ruins of Desert Cathay Vol. 1 1912
Madras - Ruins of Desert Cathay Vol. 2 Ruins of Desert Cathay Vol. 2 1912
Madras - Sand-Buried Ruins of Khotan Sand-Buried Ruins of Khotan 1904
Madras - Ancient Khotan Vol. 1 Ancient Khotan Vol. 1 1907
Madras - Ancient Khotan Vol. 2 Ancient Khotan Vol. 2 1907
Madras - The Book of Ser Marco Polo Vol. 1 The Book of Ser Marco Polo Vol. 1 1871
Madras - The Book of Ser Marco Polo Vol. 2 The Book of Ser Marco Polo Vol. 2 1871
Madras - Travels in Circassia, Krim-Tartary &c Travels in Circassia, Krim-Tartary &c 1839
Madras - Journal of a Residence in Circassia Vol. 1 Journal of a Residence in Circassia Vol. 1 1840
Madras - Journal of a Residence in Circassia Vol. 2 Journal of a Residence in Circassia Vol. 2 1840
Madras - Turkey, Russia, the Black Sea, and Circassia Turkey, Russia, the Black Sea, and Circassia 1855
Madras - A Brief Narrative of an Unsuccessful Attempt to Reach Repulse Bay A Brief Narrative of an Unsuccessful Attempt to Reach Repulse Bay 1825
Madras - An Authentic Account of an Embassy from Great Britain to China Vol. 1 An Authentic Account of an Embassy from Great Britain to China Vol. 1 1797
Madras - An Authentic Account of an Embassy from Great Britain to China Vol. 2 An Authentic Account of an Embassy from Great Britain to China Vol. 2 1797
Madras - The History of Genghizcan the Great The History of Genghizcan the Great 1722
Madras - History of the Two Tartar Conquerors of China History of the Two Tartar Conquerors of China 1854
Madras - Diary of a Pedestrian in Cashmere and Thibet Diary of a Pedestrian in Cashmere and Thibet 1863
Madras - Narrative of a Journey in the Interior of China Narrative of a Journey in the Interior of China 1819
Madras - Voyage of the Barracouta to Japan, Kamtschatka, Siberia, China, etc Voyage of the Barracouta to Japan, Kamtschatka, Siberia, China, etc 1859
Madras - Temples and Elephants Temples and Elephants 1884
Madras - Our Trip to Burmah Our Trip to Burmah 1877
Madras - Eighteen Views taken at and near Rangoon Eighteen Views taken at and near Rangoon 1826
Madras - The Happy Valley: Sketches of Kashmir and the Kashmiris The Happy Valley: Sketches of Kashmir and the Kashmiris 1879
Madras - Travels on Horseback in Mantchu Tartary Travels on Horseback in Mantchu Tartary 1863
Madras - Under the Flag of the Orient Under the Flag of the Orient 1897
Madras - Life in the Forests of the Far East Vol. 1 Life in the Forests of the Far East Vol. 1 1862
Madras - Life in the Forests of the Far East Vol. 2 Life in the Forests of the Far East Vol. 2 1862
Madras - Oriental and Western Siberia Oriental and Western Siberia 1858
Madras - Keramic Art of Japan Vol. 1 Keramic Art of Japan Vol. 1 1875
Madras - Keramic Art of Japan Vol. 2 Keramic Art of Japan Vol. 2 1875
Madras - Journey from Riga to the Crimea Journey from Riga to the Crimea 1827
Madras - Notes Relating to the Manners and Customs of the Crim Tatars Notes Relating to the Manners and Customs of the Crim Tatars 1821
Madras - Travels to the Seat of War in the East Travels to the Seat of War in the East 1830
Madras - The Opening of Tibet The Opening of Tibet 1905
Madras - La Chine : Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 1 La Chine : Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 1 1825
Madras - La Chine : Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 2 La Chine : Moeurs, Usages, Costumes Vol. 2 1825
Madras - Costumes Civiles Vol. 2 - Asie Costumes Civiles Vol. 2 - Asie 1788
Madras - Across Coveted Lands Vol. 1 Across Coveted Lands Vol. 1 1903
Madras - China and the Allies Vol. 1 China and the Allies Vol. 1 1901
Madras - China and the Allies Vol. 2 China and the Allies Vol. 2 1901
Madras - Corea or Cho-sen, the Land of the Morning Calm Corea or Cho-sen, the Land of the Morning Calm 1895
Madras - In the Forbidden Land Vol. 1 In the Forbidden Land Vol. 1 1898
Madras - In the Forbidden Land Vol. 2 In the Forbidden Land Vol. 2 1898
Madras - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 1 Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 1 1861
Madras - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 2 Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 2 1862
Madras - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 3 Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 3 1863
Madras - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 4 Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Vol. 4 1866
Madras - Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Atlas Results of a Scientific Mission to India and High Asia Atlas 1866
Madras - Pioneers in India Pioneers in India 1913
Madras - Eine Reise um die Welt von Westen nach Osten durch Sibirien Eine Reise um die Welt von Westen nach Osten durch Sibirien 1854
Madras - Sport and Travel in Both Tibets Sport and Travel in Both Tibets 1909
Madras - Transcaucasia. Sketches of the Nations and Races Transcaucasia. Sketches of the Nations and Races 1854
Madras - The Long White Mountain The Long White Mountain 1888
Madras - A Lady's Visit to Manilla and Japan A Lady's Visit to Manilla and Japan 1863
Madras - The Medical Missionary in China The Medical Missionary in China 1861
Madras - Travels in the Regions of the Upper and Lower Amoor Travels in the Regions of the Upper and Lower Amoor 1860
Madras - The Story of the Campaign of Sebastopol The Story of the Campaign of Sebastopol 1855
Madras - Pictorial History of the Russian War Pictorial History of the Russian War 1856
Madras - Scutari and It's Hospitals Scutari and It's Hospitals 1855
Madras - The Emperor of China's Palace at Pekin The Emperor of China's Palace at Pekin 1753
Madras - Hindoo Excavations in the Mountain of Ellora Hindoo Excavations in the Mountain of Ellora 1803
Madras - Six Views of Singapore and Macao Six Views of Singapore and Macao 1840
Madras - Moeurs, Usages et Costumes de Tous les Peuples du Monde Vol. 1 Moeurs, Usages et Costumes de Tous les Peuples du Monde Vol. 1 1843
Madras - An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul Vol. 1 An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul Vol. 1 1839
Madras - An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul Vol. 2 An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul Vol. 2 1839
Madras - The Expedition into Affghanistan The Expedition into Affghanistan 1842
Madras - Sketches in Afghaunistan Sketches in Afghaunistan 1842
Madras - A Personal Narrative of a Visit to Ghuzni, Kabul, and Afghanistan A Personal Narrative of a Visit to Ghuzni, Kabul, and Afghanistan 1840
Madras - Views in the Burman Empire Views in the Burman Empire 1831
Madras - An Account of the Kingdom of Nepal An Account of the Kingdom of Nepal 1819
Madras - Scenery, Inhabitants, & Costumes, of Afghaunistan Scenery, Inhabitants, & Costumes, of Afghaunistan 1848
Madras - Bactria, the History of a Forgotten Empire Bactria, the History of a Forgotten Empire 1912
Madras - Journal of a Voyage, in 1811 and 1812, to Madras and China Journal of a Voyage, in 1811 and 1812, to Madras and China 1814
Madras - The Beautiful Scenery and Chief Places of Interest throughout the Crimea The Beautiful Scenery and Chief Places of Interest throughout the Crimea 1856
Madras - Marine and Coast Sketches of the Black Sea, Sea of Azoff &c. Marine and Coast Sketches of the Black Sea, Sea of Azoff &c. 1856
Madras - Travels from India to England Travels from India to England 1827
Madras - The World in Miniature: China Vol. 1 The World in Miniature: China Vol. 1 1823
Madras - The World in Miniature: China Vol. 2 The World in Miniature: China Vol. 2 1823
Madras - The World in Miniature: Japan The World in Miniature: Japan 1823
Madras - Siam by Pierre Loti Siam by Pierre Loti 1913
Madras - A Tarantasse Journey through Eastern Russia A Tarantasse Journey through Eastern Russia 1857
Madras - Narrative of a Pedestrian Journey through Russia and Siberian Tartary Narrative of a Pedestrian Journey through Russia and Siberian Tartary 1825
Madras - Turkey, Russia, the Black Sea, and Circassia Turkey, Russia, the Black Sea, and Circassia 1854
Madras - Sketches in the Crimea Sketches in the Crimea 1856
Madras - Narrative of a Journey into Khorasan Narrative of a Journey into Khorasan 1825
Madras - Views in Affghaunistaun Views in Affghaunistaun 1840
Madras - The Danube and the Black Sea The Danube and the Black Sea 1857
Madras - Klencke Atlas Klencke Atlas 1660
Madras - The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain 1676
Madras - The English and French Fleets in the Baltic The English and French Fleets in the Baltic 1855
Madras - Views in Bootan Views in Bootan 1813
Madras - 24 Views in Indostan by William Orme 24 Views in Indostan by William Orme 1802
Madras - Travel in Aquatint and Lithography Vol. 2 Travel in Aquatint and Lithography Vol. 2 1957
Madras - Theatrum Orbis Terrarum Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 1570
Madras - Catalan Atlas Catalan Atlas 1375
Madras - Life in Asiatic Turkey Life in Asiatic Turkey 1879
Madras - Geographia Antiqua Latinorum et Graecorum Geographia Antiqua Latinorum et Graecorum 1721
Madras - The Costume of the Russian Empire The Costume of the Russian Empire 1803
Madras - Russia: Being a Complete Picture of that Empire Russia: Being a Complete Picture of that Empire 1817
Madras - A Journey from India to England A Journey from India to England 1818
Madras - The Seat of War in the East Vol. 1 The Seat of War in the East Vol. 1 1855
Madras - The Seat of War in the East Vol. 2 The Seat of War in the East Vol. 2 1856

Images

Image Name
The Valley of Maidan
Monument ou sont representees VIX villes de l'Asie ancienne
Habillement des hommes de service
A Persian Lady at Home
The Pass of Yang-chow
Mah Chung Keow, Canton
Holy Iland, Garnsey, Farne and Iarsey [Copy II]
Entrance to the Cave of Elephanta
Typus Vindelicae
Portrait of Van-ta-Gin
Cavallerie
Sketch of the Engagement at Jubbulpoo
Back Cover
The Great Mogul Discoursing with a Humble Fakir - 17th Century
Ceremonies nuptiales
Rues de Nan-King
Officer of Imperial Guards
View from the Factory at Mocha
Interior of Hut in the Camp
Suakini Arab
Dieu de la volupte
Sketches of Camels Heads
Colonnade de l'Entree Quest et Vue Generale d'Angcor Wat
Ismael, Bey et Mehemet, Pacha, Fils de Veli, Pacha de Thessalie, et Petits-fils d'Ali-Tebeleu, Visir de Janina
Wounded Men at Dugshai
The Bosphorus
The City of Nanking
Illustrations of the Meterology of India and High Asia [IV]
The Salok Mountain, from the Buitenzorg Hotel
Califa (Eveque) nestorien
Les six premieres incarnations de Visnou
Russian Empire [Map]
A Chinese military post
Fort Square, from the South Side of the Parade, Fort St. George
Two Ladies of the Court of Shah Abbas
Courde des montagnes du Hekary
Angliae, Scotiae et Hiberniae sive Britannicar Insularum Descriptio
Mahomed Naib Shurreef, a celebrated Kuzzilbach chief of Caubul, and his peshkhidmut, or head attendant
A Boukharian of Siberia
Back Cover
Title Page
The Counti and City of Lyn
Encampment of the Kandahar army, under General Nott, outside the walls of Caubul, on the evacuation of Afghaunistaun by the British
Shaprasse, or Porter
Bohemia
Mucculla in Abyssinia
Exterior of Hut in the Camp
The Kilns at King-tan
Pettah The Citadel, & Pettah of Dowlutabad, a Fortress belonging to the Nizam, near Aurungabad
Arc de Laodicee
Silk and Cloth merchant
America Sive Novi Orbis Nova Descriptio
Tooloomerbo Green River
Se-Tseaou-Shan, or
Ruines du Baion (Monument aux 42 Tours)
Criminel Persan a la chaine
View of Massowah
Populations Mixtes du Sud du Yun-Nan
Montgomeryshire
Habillement et ornemens
Kureem Khan, who shot Mr. Fraser at Delhi
Back Cover
Front View of the Kylas Caves of Ellora
Illustrated Title Page
Ustensiles
From Canrobert's Look Out
Capt. Murray Maxwell
Title Page
L'entree du Kailassa
Zur-kaneh ou maison de divers exercices de corps
Scioe-Madou, Temple a Pegu
The Landing at Colombo
A Female of Kamtshatka, in her common dress
The Shalmar Gardens near Srinagar
The troops emerging from the narrow part of the defile [in the Koojah Pass]
Dagon Pagoda, near Rangoon
Dame georgienne en costume national
Macao
Docks at Sebastopol with Ruins of Fort St. Paul.
A Woman of Finland
Portrait of Rit Aurari Zogo Attacking a Foot Soldier
S.W. View Of Kailâsa
The second descent through the Koojah Pass
An Old Mordvine Woman of the Mokshan Tribe
The Mosque Picket
Ceremony of hoisting the British flag on the Island of Labuan
Map of Kashmir to Illustrate Routes
Temple of Buddha, Canton
The Valley of Kokos
The Peaks and Glaciers of the Sasser Pass in Nuba Tibet [II]
Toufangchi nestorien du Hekary
Honneurs rendus a Cook
Corean Chief and Attendants
Geological View of China [II]
Scene After the Prince of Loo Choo's Feast
Specimens of Humourous Bas-Reliefs on the Pavement of a Monastery at Amarapoora

Maps

Map Name
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Cumberland (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Merionethshire (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Natoliae / Aegypti, Recentior Descriptio / Carthaginis Celeberrim Sinus Typis (1570)
Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] - Carte Generale de l'Indo-Chine (1873)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Turcici Imperii Descriptio (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Regni Neapolitani (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A New Description of Carolina (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Shropshyre (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Saxoniae (1570)
Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] - Carte Itineraire No. 7 (1873)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Newe Mape of Y XVII Provinces of Low Germanie (1676)
Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] - Carte Itineraire No. 10 (1873)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Regni Hispaniae (1570)
Journals Kept in Hyderabad, Kashmir, Sikkim, and Nepal Vol. 1 - The Dominions of the Nizam of Haidarabad including Berar (1887)
Journal of the Proceedings of the Late Embassy to China - Track of the Barge and Cutter (1817)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Brabantiae (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Silesiae Typus (1570)
Journals Kept in Hyderabad, Kashmir, Sikkim, and Nepal Vol. 1 - City and Environs of Srinagar in Kashmir (1887)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Map of Russia (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Evrop [Europe] (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Cornwall (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Greece (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Hungariae Descriptio Wolfgang Lazio Auct. (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Countye Palatine of Chester (1676)
Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] - Carte Itineraire No. 3 (1873)
Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] - Carte Itineraire No. 5 (1873)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Palatinatus Bavariae Descriptio et Wirtenbergensis Duvatus Vera Descriptio (1570)
Voyage en Perse Vol. 2 - Carte de la Perse Pour le Voyage du Colonel G Dourville 1819 (1825)
Visits to High Tartary, Yarkand, and Kashgar - Sketch Map of the Country North of India (1871)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Germania (1570)
Narrative of the Earl of Elgin's Mission Vol. 2 - Map of the Yang-Tse-Kiang or Ta-Kiang (1859)
The Story of the Campaign of Sebastopol - Sketch Map of Sevastopol with the Siege Works - 1855 (1855)
Catalan Atlas - Leafs 5 & 6 (1375)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Province of Ulster (1676)
Journals Kept in Hyderabad, Kashmir, Sikkim, and Nepal Vol. 1 - Map of India (1887)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Spaine (1676)
Catalan Atlas - Leafs 9 & 10 (1375)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Countie Westmorland (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Turkisch Empire (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Surrey (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Schlavoniae, Croatiae, Carniae, Istriae, Bosniae, Finitimarumque Regionum Nova Descriptio (1570)
Account of a Voyage of discovery to the West Coast of Corea - Chart of the Great Loo Choo Island (1818)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Africae Tabula Nova (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Denbighshore (1676)
A Voyage to Cochinchina - A Chart of the Southern Extremity of Africa (1806)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Norfolk (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Hantshire (1676)
Voyage d'Exploration en Indo-Chine [Atlas-Vol. 2] - Carte Itineraire No. 2 (1873)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Indiae Orientalis Insularumque Adiacientium Typus (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Counti of Warwick (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Regni Bohemiae Descriptio (1570)
Observations on the Neilgherries - Map of the Neelgiries and the Different Approaches to Them [1834] (1834)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A New and Accvrat Map of the World (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Salisburgensis (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Zelandicarum et Prussiae Descriptio (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Countie of Radnor (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Typus Orbis Terrarum (1570)
Eine Reise um die Welt von Westen nach Osten durch Sibirien - Map of Far Eastern Asia Including Siberia and Manchuria (1854)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Thusciae (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - A Map of the Sommer Ilands (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Montgomeryshire (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Africae (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Kingdome of Irland (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Typus Vindelicae (1570)
Catalan Atlas - Leafs 7 & 8 (1375)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - America Sive Novi Orbis Nova Descriptio (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Wilshire (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Daniae Regni Typus (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Essex (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Stafford Countie and Towne (1676)
A Voyage to Cochinchina - View of the Land Round the Harbour of Rio de Janeiro (1806)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Lakii Lacus Vulgo Terretorii Romani Descrip Fori Iulii (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Glocestershire (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Austriae (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Kingdome of England (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Buckingham (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Europae (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Province of Mounster (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Bedfordshire (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Wales (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The West Ridinge of Yorkeshyre (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Countie Pallatine of Lancaster (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Gelriae, Cliviae Finitimorumque Locorumverissima Descriptio (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Palestinae Sive Totius Terrae (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Cambridgshire (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Caermarden (1676)
Temples and Elephants - Route from Bangkok to Kiang-Tsen (1884)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Countye of Monmouth (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Regionis Biturigum Limaniae (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - The Invasions of England and Ireland (1676)
Account of a Voyage of discovery to the West Coast of Corea - Napakiang Roads (1818)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - America (1676)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Portugalliae (1570)
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum - Caletensium / Verom. (1570)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Worcestershire (1676)
The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain - Canaan (1676)

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