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Alps

Alps Collection

History Archive - Alps Collection

Alps, the largest and highest mountains in Europe. The average height of the central chain is 7,700 feet, a region where snow never melts, while several hundred peaks rise still higher. From these snow-capped mountains the avalanches rush down, sweeping along snow, rocks, forests and even villages. Here, also, in the valleys between the peaks, gather the huge masses of snow which form the long streams of ice called glaciers.

The most beautiful of these glaciers is the Mer de Glace. The highest peak is Mt. Blanc, 15,732 feet in height; though Monte Rosa, the Matterhorn and several others are almost as high. There are some sixteen great passes over the Alps. Famous marches have been made over them by large armies: Hannibal's march was through the Little St. Bernard Pass and Napoleon's through the Great St. Bernard.

Bridges, terraces and long galleries have been built of stone to give protection against avalanches and whirlwinds. Places of shelter from storms, called hospices, have also been erected, where huge St. Bernard dogs are kept to help in searching for unfortunate wanderers who may be lost in the snow. The Alps are now pierced by four railroad tunnels, the Arlberg, Mt. Cenis, Mt. St. Gothard and Simplon.

The scenery of the Alps is famous for its grandeur, and every season the mountains are so crowded with tourists that the Alps have been called "the play-ground of Europe." Of the many objects of grandeur or beauty, the most famous are Mt. Blanc and the Valley of the Chamouni. Austria, Switzerland, Italy, France and Bavaria share in the possession of the Alps.

References:

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

Available Books

Images

Image Name
The Lyskamm
The Gletscherhorn from the Pavilion, Hotel Cathrein, close to Concordia Hut
Cirque of the Croda Malcora, near Cortina
View of the Castle of Rinkenberg
The Madonna del Sasso, Locarno
The Aletschhorn
The Staubbach
Front Cover
Valley of Saas
Etumnen
Fluelen at end of Lake of Uri, South Arm of Lake of Lucerne
View of the Lake of Thun from upper Island
The Severn Peaks of the Blumlisalp
Cascades & Village of Grip
The Valley of Argeles
The Defile leading to Gavarnie
Melchior Anderegg
Entrance to Saint Sauveur
Saas Grat and the Fletschhorn
Chatillon, Val d'Aosta
Kranzberg - Rotthalhorn - and Jungfrau : Sunset
Bellaggio
Como Cathedral
Looking up Valley towards Zermatt from near Randa
Back Cover
View of the Castle of Spiez
Pallanza - Sunset
The Village of Splugen
The Falls of the Rhine at Schaffhausen
Title Page
Alps of Glarus and Part of Neighbouring Cantons
Priory of St Paul, the Pic du Midi in the Distance
The Marjelen See
Karte des Hochgebirge von Grindelwald
The Chateau of Henri Quatre at Pau
Evelyn from a Photograph by Francis Early Worcester - 1867
The Dent Blanche from the Riffelberg
Front Cover
Looking over Lucerne from the Drei Linden
Monte-Rosa von der Pedriolo Alpe [I]
The Giessbach
Doldenhorn - Group from Kandersteg
Title Page
Zermatt
The Lake of Brienz Showing the Giessbach
St. Urbains, Troyes
Bern
Furggen Glacier Icefall
Twilight at Varese
Lucerne and Lake from the Drei Linden
Lake Near the Grimsel Hospice
Cascade of L'Escoubous
View of the Cavern of St. Beat, near the Lake of Thun
View of the Trift Pass from the Gornergrat
Weisshorn and Matterhorn from Fiescheralp
View from the Chalets of Corbassiere looking South
The Lyskamm from near Gressonay
Via Mala
Porlezza
Interlachen from the Lake of Brienz
Bains de Loueche and Leuck Bad
View near Thun
Erster Upsrung des Hinter Rheins
Approach to Bellinzona
Rosenlaui
The Trugberg
In the Val Bavona
Map of the Blumlisalp and Doldenhorn Group
Glaciers of the Canton of Berne
A Mountain Path, Grindelwald
Church and Village of Gavarnie
In the Val d'Aosta
The Dom and Weisshorn from the Aeggisch Horn
Ascent of the Schwarze Glacier
Das Hochgebirge von Grindelwald
A view of the Jungfrau
Evening in Zermatt
Monte Civita and Lake and Village of Alleghe
View of Unterseen
Vitznau and Lake of Lucerne
Astley Church
Cascades and Circle of Gavarnie
The Pier at Seherzligen, Lake of Thun - Evening
Monte Rosa from the Belvedere
[Untitled]
Storm Clouds over the Lake of Thun
Front Cover
The Blumlisalp from Kandersteg
Coire
Francis Devouassoud
Panorama from the Little Doldenhorn towards the East
On the Tete Noire [II]
Front Cover
The Langkofel and Plattkogel from the Seisser Alp
Illustrated Title Page
In the Woods of Chamonix

Maps

Map Name
The Dolomite Mountains - Map of the South Eastern Alps Showing the Routes Followed by the Authors (1864)
A Lady's Tour Round Monte Rosa - Map of Monte Rosa (1859)
The Doldenhorn and Weisse Frau - Map of the Blumlisalp and Doldenhorn Group (1863)
The Dolomite Mountains - Geological Map of the District of Predazzo, St. Cassian and the Seisser Alp (1864)
Das Hochgebirge von Grindelwald - Karte des Hochgebirge von Grindelwald (1865)
Mountains and Lakes of Switzerland and Italy - Map to Illustrate the Mountains and Lakes of Switzerland and Italy (1871)
Picturesque Tour through the Oberland - Glaciers of the Canton of Berne (1823)

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