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Alps

Alps Collection

History Archive - Alps Collection

Alps, the largest and highest mountains in Europe. The average height of the central chain is 7,700 feet, a region where snow never melts, while several hundred peaks rise still higher. From these snow-capped mountains the avalanches rush down, sweeping along snow, rocks, forests and even villages. Here, also, in the valleys between the peaks, gather the huge masses of snow which form the long streams of ice called glaciers.

The most beautiful of these glaciers is the Mer de Glace. The highest peak is Mt. Blanc, 15,732 feet in height; though Monte Rosa, the Matterhorn and several others are almost as high. There are some sixteen great passes over the Alps. Famous marches have been made over them by large armies: Hannibal's march was through the Little St. Bernard Pass and Napoleon's through the Great St. Bernard.

Bridges, terraces and long galleries have been built of stone to give protection against avalanches and whirlwinds. Places of shelter from storms, called hospices, have also been erected, where huge St. Bernard dogs are kept to help in searching for unfortunate wanderers who may be lost in the snow. The Alps are now pierced by four railroad tunnels, the Arlberg, Mt. Cenis, Mt. St. Gothard and Simplon.

The scenery of the Alps is famous for its grandeur, and every season the mountains are so crowded with tourists that the Alps have been called "the play-ground of Europe." Of the many objects of grandeur or beauty, the most famous are Mt. Blanc and the Valley of the Chamouni. Austria, Switzerland, Italy, France and Bavaria share in the possession of the Alps.

References:

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

Available Books

Images

Image Name
Francis Ridley Havergal
Troyes Cathedral
The Bridge over the Gave at Betharem
The Breitliorn from Schwarz See
View of the Lake of Thun from upper Island
Title Page
Coire
Title Page
Illustrated Title Page
Back Cover
Title Page
The Madonna del Sasso, Locarno
The Finsteraar Horn from the South-East
The Dom and Weisshorn from the Aeggisch Horn
Fall of the Staubbach
The Voice of Many Waters
The Village of Soldimo, at the Entrance of the Val Maggia
The Castle of Chillon
Vitznau and Lake of Lucerne
Town Hall, Basle
Map of the Range of Monte Rosa
The Blumlisalp from Kandersteg
Weisshorn and Matterhorn from Fiescheralp
Francis Devouassoud
At Meiringen
Mont Cervin from Breuil
Moonlight in the Val Formazzafrom the Tosa Falls
In the Val Bavona
Cascades and Circle of Gavarnie
On the Tete Noire [II]
Rimpfischorn and Strahlhorn from the Riffelberg
View of the Castle of Spiez
Bern
Astley Church
The Langkofel and Plattkogel from the Seisser Alp
The Corpus Christi Procession to the Hofkirche of St. Leodegar
Pallanza
Front Cover
Etumnen
Geneva
Entrance to Saint Sauveur
Cascades & Village of Grip
Porlezza
Looking over Lucerne from the Drei Linden
The Pier at Seherzligen, Lake of Thun - Evening
The Marjelen See
Monte-Rosa von der Pedriolo Alpe [I]
Pallanza - Evening
Notre Dame, Dijon
The Lyskamm
Front Cover
In the Val d'Aosta
The Trugberg
On the Tete Noire [I]
Zurich
View near Thun
Back Cover
Broletto at Como
The Lyskamm from near Gressonay
View of the Glaciers of Grindelwald
View of the Bernese Alps from the Gurten, near Bern
Bath of La Ralliere, looking towards Cauterets
Weishorn and Mischabel from the Bettensee
The "Leiterfluhli"
St. Urbains, Troyes
Chalets and Church. Riederalp
In a Garden at Locarno
Meyringen
View from the Chalets of Corbassiere looking South
Pfaffers
Front Cover
Looking up Valley towards Zermatt from near Randa
Mont Blanc and Glacier du Géant from the Jardin
Back Cover
Map to Illustrate the Mountains and Lakes of Switzerland and Italy
Amstag
View from the Bridge of Sia
The Castle and part of the Valley of Luz
Title Page
Lausanne
Furggen Glacier Icefall
Via Mala
Village of Cauterets
Chatillon, Val d'Aosta
Bern from the North-West
Pallanza - Sunset
A Corner of the Town of Altdorf
Front Cover
Erster Upsrung des Hinter Rheins
The Aletschhorn
Defile near the Bridge of Sia
Mont Cervin (from above Zermatt), Sunset
View of the Cavern of St. Beat, near the Lake of Thun
Doldenhorn - Group from Kandersteg
Asconia - on Lago Maggiore
Zmutt-Gletscher am Fuss des Matterhorns

Maps

Map Name
A Lady's Tour Round Monte Rosa - Map of Monte Rosa (1859)
The Dolomite Mountains - Map of the South Eastern Alps Showing the Routes Followed by the Authors (1864)
The Dolomite Mountains - Geological Map of the District of Predazzo, St. Cassian and the Seisser Alp (1864)
Picturesque Tour through the Oberland - Glaciers of the Canton of Berne (1823)
Mountains and Lakes of Switzerland and Italy - Map to Illustrate the Mountains and Lakes of Switzerland and Italy (1871)
The Doldenhorn and Weisse Frau - Map of the Blumlisalp and Doldenhorn Group (1863)
Das Hochgebirge von Grindelwald - Karte des Hochgebirge von Grindelwald (1865)

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