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Alps

Alps Collection

History Archive - Alps Collection

Alps, the largest and highest mountains in Europe. The average height of the central chain is 7,700 feet, a region where snow never melts, while several hundred peaks rise still higher. From these snow-capped mountains the avalanches rush down, sweeping along snow, rocks, forests and even villages. Here, also, in the valleys between the peaks, gather the huge masses of snow which form the long streams of ice called glaciers.

The most beautiful of these glaciers is the Mer de Glace. The highest peak is Mt. Blanc, 15,732 feet in height; though Monte Rosa, the Matterhorn and several others are almost as high. There are some sixteen great passes over the Alps. Famous marches have been made over them by large armies: Hannibal's march was through the Little St. Bernard Pass and Napoleon's through the Great St. Bernard.

Bridges, terraces and long galleries have been built of stone to give protection against avalanches and whirlwinds. Places of shelter from storms, called hospices, have also been erected, where huge St. Bernard dogs are kept to help in searching for unfortunate wanderers who may be lost in the snow. The Alps are now pierced by four railroad tunnels, the Arlberg, Mt. Cenis, Mt. St. Gothard and Simplon.

The scenery of the Alps is famous for its grandeur, and every season the mountains are so crowded with tourists that the Alps have been called "the play-ground of Europe." Of the many objects of grandeur or beauty, the most famous are Mt. Blanc and the Valley of the Chamouni. Austria, Switzerland, Italy, France and Bavaria share in the possession of the Alps.

References:

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

Available Books

Images

Image Name
Melchior Anderegg
Evening in Zermatt
Ponte Brolla
Meyringen
The Road from Vitznau to Gersau
The Chalet on the Bundalp
Title Page
The Dom and Weisshorn from the Aeggisch Horn
On the Tete Noire [I]
View of the Lake of Thun from upper Island
The Wetterhorn
Chalets and Church. Riederalp
Monte Civita and Lake and Village of Alleghe
Map Range of Mont Blanc
A Corner of the Town of Altdorf
The Pier at Seherzligen, Lake of Thun - Evening
Morgenhorn and Wilde Frau from the Bundalp
The Falls of Tosa, Val Formazza
Troyes Cathedral
Canobbia
Caswell Bay from Caswell Road
View of Interlaken
Looking up Valley towards Zermatt from near Randa
Bath of La Ralliere, looking towards Cauterets
Berne
Furggen Glacier Icefall
In the Val Bavona
The Rigi from Lucerne
The Corpus Christi Procession to the Hofkirche of St. Leodegar
Title Page
Zurich
The Wengern Alp
Sasso di Pelmo from Monte Zucco
View from the Chalets of Corbassiere looking South
Front Cover
Weisshorn and Matterhorn from Fiescheralp
The Lyskamm
The Castle of Zahringen-Kyburg, Thun
Grindelwald looking towards the Wengen Alp
View from Finshaut's Glacier du Trient
Mont Blanc and Glacier du Géant from the Jardin
The Blumlisalp from the Oeschinengrat
After the Sunset
The Castle and part of the Valley of Luz
Title Page
Tells Chapel
Glaciers of the Canton of Berne
Map of Monte Rosa
Sion
Thunderstorm breaking over Pallanza
Fluelen at end of Lake of Uri, South Arm of Lake of Lucerne
Mont Blanc from Chamouni
Erster Upsrung des Hinter Rheins
The Castle of Lourdes
Rosenlaui
The Jungfrau from Interlaken
Village of Pierre-Fitte
Entrance to Saint Sauveur
The Castle of Chillon
Chatillon, Val d'Aosta
Locarno from the Banks of the Lake
The Lake of Brienz Showing the Giessbach
The Matterhorn, Twilight
The Severn Peaks of the Blumlisalp
Pallanza - Evening
The Falls of the Rhine at Schaffhausen
Bareges
Defile near the Bridge of Sia
Mills at Faido
Varenna from Menaggio
Title Page
The "Schnapsfluh"
Coire
Lausanne
Map of the South Eastern Alps Showing the Routes Followed by the Authors
View of the Bernese Alps from the Gurten, near Bern
Chiavenna
The "Leiterfluhli"
Back Cover
Bellaggio
On the Tete Noire [II]
Map of the Blumlisalp and Doldenhorn Group
Bern from the Schanzli
Front Cover
Doldenhorn - Group from Kandersteg
View of the Castle of Spiez
The Blumlisalp from Kandersteg
Back Cover
Grindelwald
View from the Chalet de Villard
The Marjelen See
Das Hochgebirge von Grindelwald
Pilatus and Lake of Lucerne from the Slopes of the Rigi
Astley Church
Title Page
The Valley of Argeles

Maps

Map Name
Mountains and Lakes of Switzerland and Italy - Map to Illustrate the Mountains and Lakes of Switzerland and Italy (1871)
A Lady's Tour Round Monte Rosa - Map of Monte Rosa (1859)
Picturesque Tour through the Oberland - Glaciers of the Canton of Berne (1823)
Das Hochgebirge von Grindelwald - Karte des Hochgebirge von Grindelwald (1865)
The Dolomite Mountains - Geological Map of the District of Predazzo, St. Cassian and the Seisser Alp (1864)
The Dolomite Mountains - Map of the South Eastern Alps Showing the Routes Followed by the Authors (1864)
The Doldenhorn and Weisse Frau - Map of the Blumlisalp and Doldenhorn Group (1863)

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