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Alps

Alps Collection

History Archive - Alps Collection

Alps, the largest and highest mountains in Europe. The average height of the central chain is 7,700 feet, a region where snow never melts, while several hundred peaks rise still higher. From these snow-capped mountains the avalanches rush down, sweeping along snow, rocks, forests and even villages. Here, also, in the valleys between the peaks, gather the huge masses of snow which form the long streams of ice called glaciers.

The most beautiful of these glaciers is the Mer de Glace. The highest peak is Mt. Blanc, 15,732 feet in height; though Monte Rosa, the Matterhorn and several others are almost as high. There are some sixteen great passes over the Alps. Famous marches have been made over them by large armies: Hannibal's march was through the Little St. Bernard Pass and Napoleon's through the Great St. Bernard.

Bridges, terraces and long galleries have been built of stone to give protection against avalanches and whirlwinds. Places of shelter from storms, called hospices, have also been erected, where huge St. Bernard dogs are kept to help in searching for unfortunate wanderers who may be lost in the snow. The Alps are now pierced by four railroad tunnels, the Arlberg, Mt. Cenis, Mt. St. Gothard and Simplon.

The scenery of the Alps is famous for its grandeur, and every season the mountains are so crowded with tourists that the Alps have been called "the play-ground of Europe." Of the many objects of grandeur or beauty, the most famous are Mt. Blanc and the Valley of the Chamouni. Austria, Switzerland, Italy, France and Bavaria share in the possession of the Alps.

References:

The New Student's Reference Work (1914)

Available Books

Images

Image Name
View of Interlaken
View from the Promenade at St Sauveur
Front Cover
Mills at Faido
A Mountain Path, Grindelwald
The Matterhorn
Falls of the Madesimo
View of the Glaciers of Roselouvi
The Wengern Alp
Cirque of the Croda Malcora, near Cortina
Lucerne and Lake from the Drei Linden
Bridge of Sia
Weishorn and Mischabel from the Bettensee
The Marjelen See
The Falls of the Rhine at Schaffhausen
Caswell Bay from Caswell Road
On the Tete Noire [I]
Fall of the Staubbach
The Lyskamm
Pilatus and Lake of Lucerne from the Slopes of the Rigi
The Blumlisalp from Kandersteg
Map of the Range of Monte Rosa
Martinsloch and the Sgnes Pass from the South-East
Monte-Rosa von der Pedriolo Alpe [I]
View of the Glaciers of Grindelwald
Map of the Blumlisalp and Doldenhorn Group
At Meiringen
View to the North
Via Mala
[Untitled]
Monte Civita and Lake and Village of Alleghe
Map of Monte Rosa
Approach to Bellinzona
Varenna from Menaggio
The Voice of Many Waters
Title Page
In the Val Bavona
Vitznau and Lake of Lucerne
Mont Cervin (from above Zermatt), Sunset
The Castle of Lourdes
Eiger, Monch, and Jungfrau from Scherzligen, near Thun
Chalets and Church. Riederalp
Village of Cauterets
View of the Village of Brienz
Etumnen
The Gletscherhorn from the Pavilion, Hotel Cathrein, close to Concordia Hut
Illustrated Title Page
Title Page
Title Page
The Lake of Brienz Showing the Giessbach
Bath of La Ralliere, looking towards Cauterets
Looking over Lucerne from the Drei Linden
Troyes Cathedral
Francis Ridley Havergal
Sketch Map Showing the Course of the Glaciers of Snowden and It's Neighbourhood
Monte Rosa from the Belvedere
The Handek Falls
View from the Chalet de Villard
St. Urbains, Troyes
Bellaggio
Post Office, Interlachen
The Castle of Chillon
Glaciers of the Canton of Berne
The Monte Rosa Chain
Montreux, Lake of Geneva
Lausanne
Village of Pierre-Fitte
Title Page
Pfaffers
Rimpfischorn and Strahlhorn from the Riffelberg
The Dom and Weisshorn from the Aeggisch Horn
Title Page
The Blumlisalp from the Oeschinengrat
The Rigi from Lucerne
In the Val d'Aosta
In the Woods of Chamonix
The Matterhorn, Twilight
Fluelen at end of Lake of Uri, South Arm of Lake of Lucerne
View from the Bridge of Sia
View from Finshaut's Glacier du Trient
The Road from Vitznau to Gersau
Map to Illustrate the Mountains and Lakes of Switzerland and Italy
The Madonna del Sasso, Locarno
Melchior Anderegg
Airolo
Defile near the Bridge of Sia
Looking down the Aletsch Glacier from Concordia Hut
The Falls of Tosa, Val Formazza
Meyringen
Mont Blanc and Glacier du Géant from the Jardin
The Severn Peaks of the Blumlisalp
Front Cover
Pallanza - Evening
In the Val d'Aosta
Orta
Island of San Giulin

Maps

Map Name
Mountains and Lakes of Switzerland and Italy - Map to Illustrate the Mountains and Lakes of Switzerland and Italy (1871)
A Lady's Tour Round Monte Rosa - Map of Monte Rosa (1859)
Das Hochgebirge von Grindelwald - Karte des Hochgebirge von Grindelwald (1865)
The Dolomite Mountains - Geological Map of the District of Predazzo, St. Cassian and the Seisser Alp (1864)
Picturesque Tour through the Oberland - Glaciers of the Canton of Berne (1823)
The Dolomite Mountains - Map of the South Eastern Alps Showing the Routes Followed by the Authors (1864)
The Doldenhorn and Weisse Frau - Map of the Blumlisalp and Doldenhorn Group (1863)

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