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Abyssinia Collection

History Archive - Abyssinia Collection

Abyssinia was a country of eastern Africa, southwest of the Red Sea. It resided on a tableland, from which rise flat-topped mountains, intersected by deep valleys and gorges. The area of Abyssinia was over 400,000 square miles, with an estimated population of five and a half millions. There were many small towns, few with a population exceeding 5,000.

Little land was cultivated, the chief pursuit of the people being the herding of cattle, sheep and goats. A railway line connected Dire Dawa in southeastern Abyssinia with the port of Jibuti, 186 miles distant. Telegraph and telephone systems were also in use in the country. Barley, wheat, millet, hops and tobacco were produced in considerable quantities. The annual product of coffee was about 50,000 bags.

Later History

In 1850 Theodorus, a military adventurer, revolted and was crowned emperor. He first sent embassies to England and France and received a British consul at his court. It was his imprisonment of the consul and of an embassy sent to inquire into the matter that caused the English government to send Sir Robert Napier from Bombay with a relief expedition. The capital, Magdala, was stormed and captured, Theodorus shooting himself when told that the city gates had given way. This occurred in 1868, and for some time after the English forces withdrew lawlessness prevailed.

In 1872 John II was crowned emperor. He was killed in battle in 1889 and was succeeded by his adversary, Menelek, the present king, who reigns under the title of Menelek II. In 1885 Italy occupied the port of Massowah, and sought to acquire territory inland, claiming, by treaty in 1889, a protectorate over Abyssinia. This led to a protracted war, and in 1896 the Italian army of invasion was beaten with great loss. As a result, Italy withdrew her claim to a protectorate over Abyssinia. In 1902 the boundary between Abyssinia and the British Sudan was adjusted by treaty.


The New Student's Reference Work pg. 6 (1914)

Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)

Available Books


Image Name
Hazorta Family
Title Page
View of Benares
Ayto Debib and Guebra Mehedin
Tsad Amba [II]
Title Page
Abyssinians Reposing
Pagoda at Ramisseram
Title Page
A Geometrical Survey of the City of Alexandria
Map of Abyssinia
View near the Village of Asceriah in Abyssinia
Cufic Tomb-Stone at Dhalac [II]
Baharnegash Yasous, Baharn Subhart, A Lasta Soldier
The Great Hall of Joseph
Pagoda at Trinchicunum
Water-Fall at French Hoek
Peons of Mysore [II]
Back Cover
Church at Axum
The Mountains of Samayut
Sketch of the Rocky Coast of One of the Islands of Amphilia
Front Cover
View of the Obelisk and Church at Axum
Sketch of a Daro-Tree at the bottom of Taranta
Waterfall at Sevasummoodra
Der Gemp in Gondar [I]
A Brind Feast
Mucculla in Abyssinia
View from Panwell
The Town of Dixan in Abyssinia
Back Cover
Sketch of the Mountains of Adowa
Inscription Found at Acum
Castle of the Sultaun of Aden at Lahadj
1. Inscription on a Column at Damietta, 2. Copper Dovetail found at Bahbeit, 3. Ancient Column found at Mafsowah
Axoro Tishai at Adowe
The Pass of Atbara in Abyssinia
View of Grand Cairo
View at Car Nicobar
A View near the Roode Sand Pass at the Cape of Good Hope
A view within the Fort of Monghyr
An Arabian Child Dressed in his Holiday Suit
Ancient Excavations at Carli
The Rumi Derwazah, & the New Palace at Lucknow
View in the Neighbourhood of the River Tacazze
Chart of the Red Sea
View on the Banks of the Tacazze
Joseph's Hall
Cufic Tomb-Stone at Dhalac [I]
Plan of the Ruins of Axum
Front Cover
Chart of the Environs of Valentia Island
Front Cover
Back Cover
Chart of Howakil Bay and Annesley Bay
The Pyramids from Old Cairo
View from the Ras's-House at Antalow
Plan of the Harbour and Adjacent Territories of Mosambique
Der Gemp in Gondar [II]
A View at Lucknow
Greek Inscription Found at Axum
Suakini Arab
Priest at Jidda
Outline of an Abyssinian Drawing
Abyssinian Locust
Pass of Taranta
Abyssinians Resting on a March
The Residence of the Ras at Antalow
Ruins of a Bridge, Across the Cauveri
Front View of the Cave of Kenneri
Peons of Mysore [I]
View of the Government House at Mesuril
Ancient Towers at Bhaugulpore
Part 2nd, Chart of the Red Sea
Assorted Figures
Assorted Figures
Ruinen von Aksum
Abyssinian Young Priest, Woodcutter, Galla Playing on the Pipe
View of Ossour
Mountains of Tigre from Dixan
Gebirgslandschaft der Provinz Ada
Landing Place, Zulla
A Massowah Pilot
Interior of a House at Dhalac
Chart of the Bay of Arkeeko and Harbour of Masuah
View of the Besselely Gaut
A Group of the Torah Shiho
The Obelisk at Axum
Title Page
Salt Plain
Camels After a March


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