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Abyssinia Collection

History Archive - Abyssinia Collection

Abyssinia was a country of eastern Africa, southwest of the Red Sea. It resided on a tableland, from which rise flat-topped mountains, intersected by deep valleys and gorges. The area of Abyssinia was over 400,000 square miles, with an estimated population of five and a half millions. There were many small towns, few with a population exceeding 5,000.

Little land was cultivated, the chief pursuit of the people being the herding of cattle, sheep and goats. A railway line connected Dire Dawa in southeastern Abyssinia with the port of Jibuti, 186 miles distant. Telegraph and telephone systems were also in use in the country. Barley, wheat, millet, hops and tobacco were produced in considerable quantities. The annual product of coffee was about 50,000 bags.

Later History

In 1850 Theodorus, a military adventurer, revolted and was crowned emperor. He first sent embassies to England and France and received a British consul at his court. It was his imprisonment of the consul and of an embassy sent to inquire into the matter that caused the English government to send Sir Robert Napier from Bombay with a relief expedition. The capital, Magdala, was stormed and captured, Theodorus shooting himself when told that the city gates had given way. This occurred in 1868, and for some time after the English forces withdrew lawlessness prevailed.

In 1872 John II was crowned emperor. He was killed in battle in 1889 and was succeeded by his adversary, Menelek, the present king, who reigns under the title of Menelek II. In 1885 Italy occupied the port of Massowah, and sought to acquire territory inland, claiming, by treaty in 1889, a protectorate over Abyssinia. This led to a protracted war, and in 1896 the Italian army of invasion was beaten with great loss. As a result, Italy withdrew her claim to a protectorate over Abyssinia. In 1902 the boundary between Abyssinia and the British Sudan was adjusted by treaty.


The New Student's Reference Work pg. 6 (1914)

Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)

Available Books


Image Name
Abyssinians Reposing
Ancient Towers at Bhaugulpore
Shrine at Timai
Chart of the Bay of Arkeeko and Harbour of Masuah
Berilla, an Edjow Galla
The Great Hall of Joseph
Baharnegash Yasous, Baharn Subhart, A Lasta Soldier
The Pyramids at Cairo
The Town of Adowe
The Pyramids from Old Cairo
Obelisk at Axum
View of Benares
Suakini Arab
Sketch of the Sanga or Galla Oxen
A Massowah Pilot
View of the Government House at Mesuril
View of Moosa
Entrance to Hadas Pass, Illeleia
The Mountains of Samayut
Der Gemp in Gondar [II]
The Manner of Passing a River Between Point de Galle & Columbo
A Geometrical Survey of the City of Alexandria
Chart of the Bay of Zeyla
View of the Obelisk and Church at Axum
Pagoda at Conjeveram
Wangaboo Plain and Galata Jungle
Back Cover
Gebirgslandschaft der Provinz Ada
Ruins of the Fort at Juanpore on the River Goomtee
A View at Lucknow
A Brind Feast
A View near the Roode Sand Pass at the Cape of Good Hope
Abyssinian Young Priest, Woodcutter, Galla Playing on the Pipe
Front Cover
Front Cover
Church at Axum
Title Page
Abyssinians Resting on a March
Ancient Excavations at Carli
Ruins of a Bridge, Across the Cauveri
A view within the Fort of Monghyr
Sketch of a Daro-Tree at the bottom of Taranta
A Group of the Torah Shiho
The Obelisk at Axum
View of the South Quarter of Mocha
Mountains of Tigre from Dixan
Assorted Figures
Tsad Amba [II]
Peons of Mysore [II]
View of Adam's Peak, and Point de Galle
View near the Village of Asceriah in Abyssinia
The Vale of Calaat
Mucculla in Abyssinia
Cufic Tomb-Stone at Dhalac [I]
Front Cover
Tsad Amba [I]
Title Page
View on the Banks of the Tacazze
Ayto Debib and Guebra Mehedin
Portrait of Rit Aurari Zogo Attacking a Foot Soldier
Salt Plain
Title Page
Pagoda at Ramisseram
Cufic Tomb-Stone at Dhalac [II]
Part of Abyssinia
Title Page
Assorted Figures
Front Cover
View from Panwell
The Pass of Atbara in Abyssinia
The Governor General's Seat at Barrackpore
Back Cover
A View of the Mountains of Samen & the River Tacazze
Sketch of the Rocky Coast of One of the Islands of Amphilia
1. Inscription on a Column at Damietta, 2. Copper Dovetail found at Bahbeit, 3. Ancient Column found at Mafsowah
View of Grand Cairo
View of the Besselely Gaut
Pagodas at Talicut
The Rumi Derwazah, & the New Palace at Lucknow
The King's Seat at Axum
View of the Church of Hannes, on the Way to Axum
Plan of the Harbour and Adjacent Territories of Mosambique
Abyssinian Locust
Part 2nd, Chart of the Red Sea
A Schehch's Tomb in Arabia
Interior of Carli Cave
Back Cover
Interior of a House at Dhalac
View of Ossour
Front View of the Cave of Kenneri
Outline of an Abyssinian Drawing
Hamed Chamie


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