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Abyssinia Collection

History Archive - Abyssinia Collection

Abyssinia was a country of eastern Africa, southwest of the Red Sea. It resided on a tableland, from which rise flat-topped mountains, intersected by deep valleys and gorges. The area of Abyssinia was over 400,000 square miles, with an estimated population of five and a half millions. There were many small towns, few with a population exceeding 5,000.

Little land was cultivated, the chief pursuit of the people being the herding of cattle, sheep and goats. A railway line connected Dire Dawa in southeastern Abyssinia with the port of Jibuti, 186 miles distant. Telegraph and telephone systems were also in use in the country. Barley, wheat, millet, hops and tobacco were produced in considerable quantities. The annual product of coffee was about 50,000 bags.

Later History

In 1850 Theodorus, a military adventurer, revolted and was crowned emperor. He first sent embassies to England and France and received a British consul at his court. It was his imprisonment of the consul and of an embassy sent to inquire into the matter that caused the English government to send Sir Robert Napier from Bombay with a relief expedition. The capital, Magdala, was stormed and captured, Theodorus shooting himself when told that the city gates had given way. This occurred in 1868, and for some time after the English forces withdrew lawlessness prevailed.

In 1872 John II was crowned emperor. He was killed in battle in 1889 and was succeeded by his adversary, Menelek, the present king, who reigns under the title of Menelek II. In 1885 Italy occupied the port of Massowah, and sought to acquire territory inland, claiming, by treaty in 1889, a protectorate over Abyssinia. This led to a protracted war, and in 1896 the Italian army of invasion was beaten with great loss. As a result, Italy withdrew her claim to a protectorate over Abyssinia. In 1902 the boundary between Abyssinia and the British Sudan was adjusted by treaty.


The New Student's Reference Work pg. 6 (1914)

Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)

Available Books


Image Name
Hazorta Family
Chart of the Environs of Valentia Island
Back Cover
Pass of Taranta
Ground Plan of Carli Cave
View of Grand Cairo
Gebirgslandschaft der Provinz Ada
Waterfall at Sevasummoodra
Castle of the Sultaun of Aden at Lahadj
Suakini Arab
Title Page
Back Cover
The Town of Adowe
The Pass of Atbara in Abyssinia
Front Cover
Kufisches Grabmal auf der Insel Dahlack
Greek Inscription Found at Axum
Joseph's Hall
Ruins of a Bridge, Across the Cauveri
Front Cover
Landing Place, Zulla
A View at Lucknow
The Mountains of Samayut
Tsad Amba [I]
A General Chart of the East Coast of Africa
Title Page
Sketch of a Building in Avergale
Axoro Tishai at Adowe
The Pyramids at Cairo
Abyssinian Locust
Ayto Debib and Guebra Mehedin
View from the Ras's-House at Antalow
Back Cover
Assorted Figures
Front Cover
Front Cover
1. Inscription on a Column at Damietta, 2. Copper Dovetail found at Bahbeit, 3. Ancient Column found at Mafsowah
Der Gemp in Gondar [I]
Pagoda at Ramisseram
Devil's Staircase, Sooroo Pass
Water-Fall at French Hoek
The Pyramids from Old Cairo
Distant View of the Island of Valentia
Chart of the Bay of Arkeeko and Harbour of Masuah
The Obelisk at Axum
Church at Axum
Sketch of the Rocky Coast of One of the Islands of Amphilia
Pierce in his Abyssinian Dress, A Young Gall of High Rank
Plan of the Harbour and Adjacent Territories of Mosambique
Water Spouts Seen in the Mozambique Channel
Sketch of the Sanga or Galla Oxen
Erodia Amphilensis
The Rumi Derwazah, & the New Palace at Lucknow
The Governor General's Seat at Barrackpore
Ground Plan of Ruins near Dioclesian's Column
A Geometrical Survey of the City of Alexandria
View of Adam's Peak, and Point de Galle
A Schehch's Tomb in Arabia
1. A Samaulie, 2. The Son of the Dola of Moosa
View of Moosa
A View of the Mountains of Samen & the River Tacazze
View of the Church of Hannes, on the Way to Axum
Assorted Figures
Part of Abyssinia
A Group of the Torah Shiho
Interior of a House at Dhalac
A view within the Fort of Monghyr
Title Page
Chart of Port Mornington
Title Page
View of the Government House on the Island of Mozambique
Back Cover
An Abyssinian Slave Girl
Salt Plain
Peons of Mysore [I]
Pagodas at Mahabalipuram
A View near the Roode Sand Pass at the Cape of Good Hope
Baharnegash Yasous, Baharn Subhart, A Lasta Soldier
Hamed Chamie
View from Rachmah
Rhynchopetalum Montanum
Outline of an Abyssinian Drawing
Genater, the Capital of Agowma
Wangaboo Plain and Galata Jungle
Mountains of Tigre from Dixan
A Sketch of Mr. Pearce's House at Chelicut
Pagoda at Conjeveram
Chart of the Red Sea
Berilla, an Edjow Galla
Interior of Carli Cave
Abyssinians Resting on a March
View from the Factory at Mocha


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