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Abyssinia Collection

History Archive - Abyssinia Collection

Abyssinia was a country of eastern Africa, southwest of the Red Sea. It resided on a tableland, from which rise flat-topped mountains, intersected by deep valleys and gorges. The area of Abyssinia was over 400,000 square miles, with an estimated population of five and a half millions. There were many small towns, few with a population exceeding 5,000.

Little land was cultivated, the chief pursuit of the people being the herding of cattle, sheep and goats. A railway line connected Dire Dawa in southeastern Abyssinia with the port of Jibuti, 186 miles distant. Telegraph and telephone systems were also in use in the country. Barley, wheat, millet, hops and tobacco were produced in considerable quantities. The annual product of coffee was about 50,000 bags.

Later History

In 1850 Theodorus, a military adventurer, revolted and was crowned emperor. He first sent embassies to England and France and received a British consul at his court. It was his imprisonment of the consul and of an embassy sent to inquire into the matter that caused the English government to send Sir Robert Napier from Bombay with a relief expedition. The capital, Magdala, was stormed and captured, Theodorus shooting himself when told that the city gates had given way. This occurred in 1868, and for some time after the English forces withdrew lawlessness prevailed.

In 1872 John II was crowned emperor. He was killed in battle in 1889 and was succeeded by his adversary, Menelek, the present king, who reigns under the title of Menelek II. In 1885 Italy occupied the port of Massowah, and sought to acquire territory inland, claiming, by treaty in 1889, a protectorate over Abyssinia. This led to a protracted war, and in 1896 the Italian army of invasion was beaten with great loss. As a result, Italy withdrew her claim to a protectorate over Abyssinia. In 1902 the boundary between Abyssinia and the British Sudan was adjusted by treaty.


The New Student's Reference Work pg. 6 (1914)

Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)

Available Books


Image Name
Part of Abyssinia
Axoro Tishai at Adowe
Ancient Towers at Bhaugulpore
An Abyssinian Slave Girl
The Governor General's Seat at Barrackpore
Back Cover
Ruins of a Bridge, Across the Cauveri
Genater, the Capital of Agowma
Sketch of a Building in Avergale
Front Cover
Distant View of the Island of Valentia
The Pyramids at Cairo
The Town of Abha in Abyssinia
A Group of the Torah Shiho
Inscription Found at Acum
Title Page
Cufic Tomb-Stone at Dhalac [I]
Chart of the Red Sea
Entrance to Hadas Pass, Illeleia
Mosque at Lucknow
A View near the Roode Sand Pass at the Cape of Good Hope
1. A Samaulie, 2. The Son of the Dola of Moosa
Front Cover
Abyssinians Resting on a March
Sketch of the Rocky Coast of One of the Islands of Amphilia
Plan of the Harbour and Adjacent Territories of Mosambique
Der Gemp in Gondar [I]
Map of Abyssinia
Rhynchopetalum Montanum
Ancient Excavations at Carli
An Arabian Child Dressed in his Holiday Suit
Dofter Esther, a Learned Abyssinian
Pagoda at Conjeveram
Abyssinians Reposing
Front Cover
Back Cover
View of the Church of Hannes, on the Way to Axum
Pagoda at Trinchicunum
View on the Banks of the Tacazze
Outline of an Abyssinian Drawing
Chart of the Environs of Valentia Island
Pagoda at Ramisseram
Devil's Staircase, Sooroo Pass
Title Page
Abyssinian Young Priest, Woodcutter, Galla Playing on the Pipe
Title Page
View from the Ras's-House at Antalow
Camels After a March
Chart of the Bay of Zeyla
Obelisk at Axum
Landing Place, Zulla
Kirche von Aksum
Priest at Jidda
The Manner of Passing a River Between Point de Galle & Columbo
The Mountains of Samayut
1. A Small Obelisk, 2. Pedestals or Altars, 3. A Large Altar near the Square, 4. The Pedestal of a Fallen Obelisk, 5. A Detached Stone in the Church Yard
View of the South Quarter of Mocha
Hamed Chamie
The King's Seat at Axum
The Pyramids from Old Cairo
Erodia Amphilensis
Ruinen von Aksum
View in the Neighbourhood of the River Tacazze
A Sketch of Mr. Pearce's House at Chelicut
Ayto Debib and Guebra Mehedin
The Rumi Derwazah, & the New Palace at Lucknow
Tsad Amba [I]
Mucculla in Abyssinia
Watchtower Between Mocha & Musa
A Geometrical Survey of the City of Alexandria
Plan of the Ruins of Axum
Baharnegash Yasous, Baharn Subhart, A Lasta Soldier
View from Rachmah
Suakini Arab
Sketch of a Daro-Tree at the bottom of Taranta
Castle of the Sultaun of Aden at Lahadj
Pierce in his Abyssinian Dress, A Young Gall of High Rank
A View at Lucknow
Pagoda at Tanjore
View of the Besselely Gaut
Tsad Amba [II]
Waterfall at Sevasummoodra
View of the Village in Valentia
View near Point de Galle, Ceylon
A Schehch's Tomb in Arabia
Chart of Amphilia Bay
Front Cover
Pass of Taranta
Water Spouts Seen in the Mozambique Channel
Ground Plan of Carli Cave
Portrait of Rit Aurari Zogo Attacking a Foot Soldier
View of Moosa


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