Most of the world's land lies north of the equator, in the Northern hemisphere. Of the many specified regions, only Oceania lies entirely in the Southern hemisphere. Here you can view all of the collections by geographic or political region.
Not all of these geographic regions or nations exist today and many have different historical names than you may recognize today. Each region can also be sub-divided into smaller regional units. For each region a complete history based on historical encyclopedias and other texts is given along with all of the corresponding maps, images, books and people associated with that region.
Given our collections span from the 15th century through the modern era you can also view the images in a historical progression over time to see how the region may have changed over the centuries.
Overall our collections span nearly every region of the globe as early European explorers and travelers especially British and French were eager to paint and illustrate the new and exotic landscapes that unfolded in front of them as they ventured out into the world.
In essence these collections can help paint a vibrant picture of what life used to be like in many parts of the world during the golden age of travel and exploration while helping to dispel many myths and rumors related to an inaccurate understanding of history.
The geographic regions of the world can be divided into the following major regions: Africa, Antarctica, Arctic, Asia, Central America, Europe, Middle East (Near East), North America, Oceania (Australasia), South America, and the Caribbean (West Indies). There are many ways to organize the world and the countries in it. One way to do that is by geographic regions.
Africa: The second largest continent on Earth, Africa is about three times as large as the entire United States. It is connected to Asia via the Isthmus of Suez in Egypt. It features the longest river in the world, the Nile, as well as the venerated and massive Sahara Desert.
Asia: The planet's largest and most populous continent. As of 2020, Asia held the only two countries with a population of over 1 billion, China and India. Asia features the world's tallest mountain range (the Himalayas) and its tallest individual peak (Mount Everest).
Caribbean (West Indies): Consisting of many island nations throughout the Caribbean Sea including, Cuba, Jamaica, The Dominican Republic and many smaller ones, these tropical countries stretch from southeast of the U.S. proper toward northern South America.
Central America: As the name implies, Central America lies between North and South America, just north of the equator. Originally conquered by Spain from the Aztec and the Maya, this region is home to many ancient ruins and natural resource wealth along with geopolitical significance.
Europe. About the size of the United States, most of its countries are smaller than many of the larger individual U.S. states. The headquarters of the United Nations sit in Geneva, Switzerland. Most European countries have access to the Atlantic Ocean or a major waterway, which was vital in the exploration of the world in centuries past.
North America. This region includes the Unites States, Canada and Mexico as well as the massive island of Greenland. It includes grand mountain ranges, lush expansive soil and a range of climate-related and ecological variations.
Oceania. A unique region consisting of Australia, New Zealand and over a dozen smaller island nations. Australia is famously known as "The Land Down Under" because it lies entirely in the Southern Hemisphere, but even the southernmost portions are fairly close to the equator, and the region is very temperate weather-wise.
South America. Forming a distinctive pointed-triangle shape, tapering from north to south and featuring Brazil as its largest and most populous nation. The cities of Sao Paolo, Santiago, Caracas and Buenos Aires are world-revered Portuguese and Spanish cultural centers.
Arctic. The frigid and shifting seas of the Arctic provided an major catalyst for world exploration by offering the prospect of a lucrative Northwest Passage through the Americas. Many famous explorers tried their hand at the Arctic and many lost their lives in the pursuit.
Antarctica. The last continent to be discovered sits in the center of the treacherous Antarctic Ocean and is one of the coldest places on Earth. With zero permanent human habitation, Antarctica is home to for much scientific research.