Punishment of the Tcha
<img src="https://historyarchive.org/images/books/books-a/an-authentic-account-of-an-embassy-from-the-king-of-great-britain-to-the-emperor-of-china-v03-1797/plates/29-punishment-of-the-tcha.jpg" alt="Punishment of the Tcha from An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China [Vol. 3: Plates] (1797)" />
This, usually called by Europeans the Cangue, is a common punishment in China for petty offences. It consists of an enormous tablet of wood, with a hole in the middle to receive the neck, and two smaller ones for the hands, of the offender, who is sometimes sentenced to wear it for weeks or months together. He is suffered, provided his strength will enable him, to walk about; but the burden is so great, that he is generally glad to seek for a support of it against a wall or a tree. If a servant, or runner of the civil magistrate, takes it into his head that he has rested too long, he beats him with a whip made of leathern thongs till he rises. Near the gate of the Embassadors liotel, in Pekin, half a dozen of these instruments were placed in readiness, to clap upon the shoulders of any of the Chinese servants who should happen to transgress.