Jan Huygen van Linschoten
Jan Huygen van Linschoten (1563 – 8 February 1611) was a Dutch traveller, born 1563 in Haarlem in Netherlands. He came then own travel drive spurred 1579 to Seville, there to study and subsequently to Lisbon the Indian trade from his compatriots. With the new Archbishop of India, Fonseca, whose protection he acquired 1583 travelled to Goa, where he remained until 1589, and crossed the Portuguese possessions and the neighboring countries.
He succeeded to the ausgebreitetsten knowledge not only of the States of India, the commercial relationships, the whole Colonialwesen of the Portuguese, but also about the different curse of outward and return travel to and from India, the distances, the currents and winds to collect filled in often even the most important points such as none of the many Germans and Dutch, which is pushed around in the India-controlled at the time by the Portuguese monopoly and East Asia and the inability of many Portuguese.
As a "Factor of pepper" on one of the caravels to Lisbon returned, he turned to his birthplace, which he desired to make subservient to the treasures of his experience. He had seen how rotten the building of the Portuguese Colonialmacht its naval supremacy was how weak, and relentlessly, he discovered the their observation in the book, which he mainly thanks to his name, "Itinerario, Voyagie naer Oost ofte apparently of" "April  India '; this with the purpose was written to show the Dutch, like the Portuguese since switched and occur such as the Dutch, if she only dared, there could. The book won a far nature celebrity soon, was translated into nearly all European languages, and published several times on the new. It was like a commercial and nautical Guide about India. Linschoten was not the man to work alone as a writer, as consultant, to the companies.
With Musheron, the Great Lord of Zeeland purchase, the preacher Plancius and the statesmen Valck from Seeland and Maelson from Enkhuizen, where L. had settled, he was one of the designers of the famous Voyages of discovery, to find a northeast passage to Asia around India to nay and bar ends, the leader (he was Commis on the ships of nay's) the first promising drive of j. 1594, on which so many countries, Islands and bays and the Carian sea were discovered. But the second, undertaken in the year 1595 with larger funds move failed completely. Ice and stormy weather forced the Dutch, despite all one language by bar ends to repentance. The third and most famous L. took no Antheil. He was appointed in the year 1596 to the Treasurer of his city Enkhuizen, which Office he managed until his death in the year 1611. Although L. also among the earliest North Pole riders earned his spot, it's above all his invaluable "Itinerario" that assures him a high place among the travelers of his time.
See de Jonge, Opkomst van het Nederlandsch gezag over Indie Vol I, Fruin, Tien jaren uit the Tachtigjarigen oorlog. Then many monographs in magazines and biographies, and almost all works that Act over the colonial - and trading history. Of older literature namely 'begin en Voortgang the Oost-Indische comp. Nederlandsche incentives, BOR and van Meteren. Linschoten's are only North Pole cruises Gerrits de Veer's famous book: 'Drie Seylagien' , s. w., which is translated and even now often printed in almost all languages, described. See also O. Peschel, history of geography, and the other Nordpollitteratur.
Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. Volume 18 (1883), pp. 720-721.