Henri Mouhot (May 15, 1826 — November 10, 1861) was a French naturalist and explorer of the Orient in the mid-19th century. He was born in Montbeliard, Doubs, France near the Swiss border, but spent his childhood in Russia and possibly, parts of Asia. He is remembered mostly in connection to rediscovering Angkor Wat for the European world. He died near Naphan, Laos. Mouhot's tomb is located just outside of Ban Phanom, to the east of Luang Prabang.
Mouhot's travel journals are immortalized in Voyage dans les royaumes de Siam, de Cambodge, de Laos et autres parties centrales de l'Indochine (published 1863, 1864). [English: Travels in the Central Parts of Indo-China, Cambodia and Laos During the Years 1858,1859, and 1860].