Eduard Mohr

Birth: 1828


Eduard Mohr or Nicolaus Carl Eduard Mohr (1828-1876) was born at Bremen on February 19, 1828. He distinguished himself as a boy by boldness and inclination to all sorts of pranks. After completing school and commercial apprenticeship he embarked in 1848 to Baltimore, intending to go from there to Havana to enter a commercial business.

On his arrival in America, the first news of California's gold wealth arrived, and now he joined a party of young people, who together bought a small schooner to sail to San Francisco. The adventurous journey around Cap Horn took almost a whole year. For some months, M. worked with considerable success in the gold mines, then returned to San Francisco, visited the Sandwich Islands in 1851 and undertook from Honolulu on a small ship a barter trade to Kamchatka and Behringstrasse.

After leading a salt business in Mexican Lower California for about two years, he embarked for Calcutta in 1855 and went from there to Akyab to enter his brother's rice business. He worked there for some years with good business successes, returned to Bremen in 1859, but went already in 1861 via New York to Batavia, from where he undertook a 14-day hunting trip through western Java, and then went back to India. From 1863-1868 he lived mostly in Bremen and used this stay to practice at the helm school in exact geographical position determinations.

After having visited South Africa temporarily in 1866 and roaming through the company of the renowned hunter John Dunn Natal and Zululand, in the years 1869 and 1870 he made a major hunting and exploration voyage on which he completely unknown from parts of Durban and Transvaal Areas up to the Victoria Falls of Zambesi. After his return he lived for several years in Bremen and especially in his rural simple apartment to Ottersberg; but when he had lost his fortune through foreign fault, he placed himself at the disposal of the German African society, which sent him to Angola in 1876, in order to thwart the African continent.

He died, however, even before entering the unknown region at Malange on the 26th of December, 1876. M. knew how to describe his adventurous expeditions and journeys in word and writing in an attractive manner; his communications on the last South African journey are also of scientific value.

Writings: "Travel and Hunting Pictures from the South Seas, California and South Africa" ??(1868); "After the Victoria Falls of the Zambezi" (1875); Essays in Petermann's Geographical Indications 1869, 1871, 1872, etc. - Selbstbiographie in Daheim 1872 p. 791, 809 (with portrait); Obituary in Arendts' Deutscher Rundschau f. Geogr. 1880, p. 240 (with portrait).

"Reise- und Jagdbilder aus der Sudsee, Californien und Sudafrika" (1868); "Nach den Victoriafällen des Zambesi" (1875); Aufsatze in Petermann's geographischen Mittheilungen 1869, 1871, 1872 etc. - Selbstbiographie in Daheim 1872 S. 791, 809 (mit Portrat); Nekrolog in Arendts' Deutscher Rundschau f. Geogr. 1880, S. 240 (mit Portrat).


W. O. Focke., Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie Band 22 (1885), S. 66-67

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