Benjamin Butterworth (October 22, 1837 – January 16, 1898) was an American lawyer and Representative from Ohio. He was born near Maineville, Warren County, Ohio on October 22, 1837 and in his early years attended the common schools of Warren County, the academy in Maineville, Ohio, and later Ohio University in Athens where studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1861 and commenced practice in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Later he was appointed assistant United States district attorney in 1868 and member of the State senate in 1874 and 1875. He was then elected as a Republican to the Forty-sixth and Forty-seventh Congresses (March 4, 1879-March 3, 1883) and after an unsuccessful candidacy for reelection in 1882 to the Forty-eighth Congress he became the delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1880.
He also was appointed Regent of the Smithsonian Institution and a commissioner of the Northern Pacific Railroad by President Arthur in 1883. After this he was made special Government counsel to prosecute the South Carolina election cases in 1883 and elected to the Forty-ninth, Fiftieth, and Fifty-first Congresses between March 4, 1885 and March 3, 1891.'
He served as the chairman on the Committee on Patents of the Fifty-first Congress and was not a candidate for renomination in 1890. He resumed the practice of his legal profession in Washington, D.C after this but would soon be appointed secretary of the 1893 World's Fair Columbian Exposition project at Chicago. He later served as Commissioner of Patents from 1896 until his death in Thomasville, Ga., January 16, 1898. He is buried in Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress