The importance of the Cape of Good Hope as a colony to Great Britain : independently of the advantages it possesses as a military and naval station and the key to our territorial possessions in India

Creator(s):

Date: 1816

Regions:

Topics:

The exiled Napoleon, on learning of the terms of the November 1815 Treaty of Paris, reacted with contemptuous incredulity to their moderation, finding it inconceivable that Castlereagh had not pushed home Britain's advantage as victor to make significant territorial gains, both in Europe and beyond. For Castlereagh, however, the aim of the treaty was to secure a lasting European peace, and for this a balance of power and a stable France, still possessed of many of its pre-war colonial territories, were essential.

This did not mean to say that Britain left the 1815 conference tables empty-handed in terms of territorial gains. On the contrary, its control of several former French or Dutch possessions was confirmed, and Britain thereby gained Ceylon, Guyana, the Ionian Islands, Malta, Tobago, and perhaps most important of all, the Cape of Good Hope. The location and nature of these gains indicate Castlereagh's prime concerns in 1815: to safeguard Britain's naval domination of the Mediterranean, to secure the sea route to India and to bolster an empire which was then based on trade, rather than colonization.

A Dutch colonial possession since 1652, the Cape of Good Hope had first been seized by British forces in 1795, following republican France's invasion of the Netherlands and establishment of the Batavian Republic as a client state. Briefly restored to the Dutch in 1802 by the Treaty of Amiens, it had been retaken by the British in 1806.

Preoccupied with its war with France, Britain initially saw the Cape primarily as a strategic staging post on the route to its Indian possessions. However, as the title page of Richard Fisher's book suggests, by 1818 the Cape's potential value as a civil settler colony was becoming apparent.

Fisher points to the immense scope it offered to 'the spirit and enterprize of thousands, who by the sudden and unexpected return of peace, will want employment', and in 1820 a program of assisted emigration brought 4,000 British settlers to the eastern Cape. The British government hoped thereby not only to bolster the colony against attack by the indigenous Xhosa people but to further the Anglicization of Cape society, countering the prevalent Dutch Boer culture.

References:

Kings College, London

Abbey, J.R. Travel

Publisher: London : Printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies

Language(s):

English

Contributor(s):

Source(s):

ISBN-10: N/A

Date Added: 2019-05-09

Book Reviews

No Reviews Yet

Submit Review

Related Books

Sabalico Logo
Sabali Mail Logo
Domain Search Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website On Logo
Code Editor Logo
ASCII Table Logo
HTML Symbols Logo
Emoji Symbols Logo
Encode File Logo
Generator Password Logo
QR Code Generator Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Online Sign Logo
Dictionary Online Logo
Counter Word Logo
Text Convert Logo
Lorem Ipsum Generator Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Resize Image Logo
Image Compress Logo
Image Color Logo
Image Crop Logo
Combine Images Logo
Color Picker Logo
Color Convert Logo
CSS Gradient Logo
To-Do List Logo
Calendar Free Logo
Generator Meme Logo
Word Spinner Logo
Phone Country Logo
Sabalytics Logo
Senty Logo
World Map Logo
SEO Guide Logo
Keyword Tool Logo
What is my IP Logo
My Device Logo
My Browser Logo
My Location Logo
Time Zone Logo
Day Map Logo
My Weather Logo
My Galaxy Logo
The Moon Logo
Periodic Table Logo
rStatistics Logo
Unit Convert Logo
Data Convert Logo
Coordinate Converter Logo
Temperature Convert Logo
2020 Election Logo
Currency Convert Logo
Free Calculator Logo
Finance Calculator Logo
Loan Calculator Logo
Calculator Mortgage Logo
Stock Calculator Logo
Bond Calculator Logo
Tax Calculator Logo
Tip Calculator Logo
Gas Mileage Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo
History of Humanity - Mafia History Logo