Lord Charles Beauclerk was an officer commanding British soldiers at Saint-Charles during the two Rebellions of 1837-1838 in Canada. Discontent raged in particular over British dominance of the affairs of what were then still two separate colonies, Lower Canada (the southern portion of the present-day province of Quebec) and Upper Canada (the southern portion of the present-day province of Ontario). Both rebellions were motivated by frustrations with political reform. A key shared goal was responsible government, which was eventually achieved in the incidents' aftermath.

In the rebellion, the reform leaders of Lower Canada, the most prominent being Louis Joseph Papineau (1786-1871), drew on long-simmering political tensions to recruit a large number of supporters. The rebels presented little challenge to the government military forces, which included a sizable loyal militia under the command of General John Colborne coming from Upper Canada.

Patriote (rebel) forces faced British troops and militia on three occasions: at Saint-Denis, Saint-Charles, and Saint-Eustache. Martial law was declared and many rebels, including Papineau, fled to the United States. Hundreds were arrested, many were transported to Australia, and others were hanged at the Pied-du-Courant prison in Montreal. The rebellions led directly to Lord Durham's Report on the Affairs of British North America and to The British North America Act, 1840 which partially reformed the British provinces into a unitary system and eventually led to the British North America Act, 1867 which created Canada and its government.

[4], 24 p., [7] f. de planches : ill. (1 carte, 6 lithographies en couleurs by Nathaniel Hartnell) ; 36 cm (fol.)

Publisher: London : Published by A. Flint,1840




ISBN-10: N/A

Date Added: 2019-04-19

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