[Volume 6] Civitates Orbis Terrarum (Civitates Orbis Terrarvm)

Creator(s):

Date: 1617

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Topics:

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum was the first atlas of world cities and one of the most important books published in the late 16th century. Edited by Georg Braun and largely engraved by Franz Hogenberg, the work eventually contained 546 prospects, bird-eye views and map views of cities from all over the world. The first volume of the Civitates Orbis Terrarum was published in Cologne in 1572. The sixth and the final volume appeared in 1617. Although led by Braun and Hogenberg, the books were created by a large team of writers, engravers, and artists. R.V. Tooley writes:

"The Civitates is one of the great books of the World... it was the first serious attempt to give graphic representations of the main cities of the World, with a wealth of factual detail. In the main, the buildings in each view are shown in elevation, and while the ordinary buildings are stylized, the principal buildings are reproduced from actual drawings on the spot, and these, and the main streets, can be recognized today.

Further, the editors gave additional factual information as a deliberately planned policy, such as the heraldic arms of the city, and the nature of the surrounding countryside, whether wooded or arable, grazing land, vineyards, or gardens. The importance of waterways is stressed by the careful delineation of stone bridges, wooden pontoons, flat-bottomed ferries, moles, wharves and jetties; the ports with ocean-going craft, the inland waters with river traffic. Varieties of land travel are depicted, pedestrians, horsemen, wagons, coaches, and palanquins.

Small vignettes illustrate the trade, occupations and habits of the locality, agriculture, paper-making and textiles. The law is represented by various forms of punishment, gibbets, wheels, floggings etc. A distinctive feature of the plates is the insertion of large figures in the foreground to illustrate local costume. Those figures are out of proportion necessarily. The general multiplication of detail slightly offends certain commentators who fail to appreciate the purpose of the editors.

Their primary aim was not to produce well-balanced landscapes, but to give as much information as possible in a pleasing visual form, in reality a kind of super guide book. This was done so magnificently that the result was an art as decorative as it was informative. The whole forms a wonderful compendium of life in Europe in the sixteenth century. And as city growth in early times, with a few obvious exceptions, was more or less static, even further it gives a visual printed record of mediaeval Europe, and is one of the most valuable sources remaining to the student and historian of these periods." (Tooley)

Braun, a cleric of Cologne, was the principal editor of the work, and was greatly assisted in his project by the close, and continued interest of Abraham Ortelius, whose Theatrum Orbis Terrarum of 1570 was, as a systematic and comprehensive collection of maps of uniform style, the first true atlas. The Civitates, indeed, was intended as a companion for the Theatrum, as indicated by the similarity in the titles and by contemporary references regarding the complementary nature of two works.

Nevertheless, the Civitates was designs to be more popular in approach, no doubt because the novelty of a collection of city plans and views represented a more hazardous commercial undertaking than a world atlas, for which there had been a number of successful precedents. Franz Hogenberg (1535-1590) was the son of a Munich engraves who settled in Malines. He engraved most of the plates for Ortelius's Theatrum and the majority of those in the Civitates, and may have been responsible for originating the project.

Over a hundred of different artists and cartographers, the most significant of whom was Antwerp artist Georg (Joris) Hoefnagel (1542-1600), engraved the cooper-plates of the Civitates from drawings. He not only contributed most of the original material for the Spanish and Italian towns but also reworked and modified those of other contributors. After Hoefnagel's death his son Jakob continued the work for the Civitates.

A large number of Jacob van Deventer (1505-1575), also known as Jacob Roelofszof, unpublished works, plans of towns of the Netherlands were copied, as were Stumpf's woodcuts from the Schweizer Chronik of 1548, and Munster's German views from the 1550 and 1572 editions of his Cosmographia. Another important source for maps was the Danish cartographer Heinrich van Rantzau (1526-1599), better known under his Latin name Rantzovius, who provided maps of Northern Europe, specially of Danish cities. The Civitates provided a uniquely comprehensive view of urban life at the turn of the sixteenth century. Other sources were the maps of Sebastian Munster from around 1550 and and of.

Braun added to the maps figures in local dress. This feature was anticipated in Hans Lautensack's etched view of Nuremberg, 1552, those groups of citizens in the rural foreground add further authenticity to the highly accurate topographical details of what was effectively Germany's cultural capital at that time. Braun's motives for adding figures to the views, however, went further: as stated in his introduction to book 1, he believed, perhaps optimistically, that his plans would not in consequence be scrutinized for military secrets by the Turks, as their religion forbade them from looking on representations of the human form.

The plans, each accompanies by Braun's printed account of the town's history, situation and commerce, form an armchair traveler's compendium, which the scholar Robert Burton in The Anatomy of Melancholy of 1621 asserted would not only provide instructions but would uplift the spirit as well.

Volumes:

  • [1] Civitates orbis terrarum, first edition 1572.
  • [2] De praecipuis, totius universi urbibus, liber secundus, first edition 1575.
  • [3] Urbium praecipuarum totius mundi, liber tertius, first edition 1581.
  • [4] Urbium praecipuarum totius mundi, liber quartus, first edition 1588.
  • [5] Urbium praecipuarum mundi theatrum quintum, first edition 1596.
  • [6] Theatri praecipuarum totius mundi urbium liber sextus, first edition 1617.

"Privilegium Caesareae maiestatis, which occurs in each volume generally on the reverse of the title page, refers to Francis Hogenberg as the author's collaborator."--Phillips. Colophon of v. 1: Coloniae Agrippinae, apud Petrum Brachel, sumptibus auctorum. Colophon of v. 6: Coloniae Agrippinae, Antonius Hierat & Abrahamus Hoghenberg. Collaborators and artists whose works these maps were based on include George and Jacob Hoefnagel, Simon Novellanus, Jacob van Deventer, Heinrich Rantzau, etc.

Includes indexes. Descriptive text on verso of plates.

1 atlas (6 v. in 3) : hand col. ill., hand col. maps (some folded) ; 43 cm.

Library of Congress Call Number/Physical Location: G1028 .B7 1612.

References:

Ronald VereTooley, Tooley's Dictionary of Mapmakers, 1979,N.Y

R.V. Tooley, preface to the reproduction edition of Civitates Orbis Terrarum, World Publishing, 1966

Koeman B&H 1-6; van der Krogt 41:1.1 (1640). This is van der Krogt's XVIII edition, c. 1640, the last edition of six volumes. Van der Krogt dates the individual volumes as 1 (c. 1640, 11th ed.), 2 (c. 1640, 9th ed.), 3 (c. 1623, 7th ed.), 4 (c. 1635, 7th ed.), 5 (c. 1640, 5th ed.), 6 (c. 1635, 3rd ed.). All six volumes are printed by Peter von Brachel between 1823 and 1640, with the texts reset by him and the plates used generally from first or second editions. We date the volumes, texts and plates separately, using Van der Krogt's listings. There are 546 plans/views of cities on 363 plates. The title for the series of six volumes is taken from the first volume which is general practice. The other five volumes are titled individually. The original publication dates are vol I, 1572; vol II, 1575; vol III, 1581; vol IV, c.1588; vol V, c.1598; vol VI, 1617.

 
0. Book Display
1. Front Cover
10. Description De La Ville De Bar Faicte L An 1617
11. Hagae Comitis
12. Amstelodamvm
13. Ostenda
14. Dillenbvrg et Segen
15. Bvdingen 1617
16. Scopa Vulgo Schvepa 1617
17. Bambergae
18. Hailbrvnna Mvlhvsivm et Revtlinga
19. Lipsiae Insignnis Saxoniae Urbis 1617
2. Theatri Praecipvarvm Totivs Mvndi Vrbivs Liber Sextvs
20. Nissa Silesior et Ligincivm
21. Marienberg Misniae Civitas
22. Penigk 1617
23. Vienna Austriae
24. Eisenstadivm Vulgo Eisnstat et Mannersdorf 1617
25. Ens 1617
26. S. Polid Vulgo Sanpolten
27. Czaslavivm Vulgo Czasla Bohemiae Civitas et Commoda Vulgo Comethav
28. Lavna Vulgo Lavn Bohemiae Civitates et Schlanivm Vulgo Schlani
29. Polna Volga Polm
3. Civitas Exoniae Vulgo Excester
30. Castanowiz 1617
31. Brvnn Vulgo Brinn Marchionatus Morauiae Ciuitas insignis
32. Bvda Citerioris Hvngariae
33. Cassovia Svperioris Hvngariae Civitatas Primaria
34. Agria Vulgo Erla
35. Zolnock Superioris Hungariae Civitas
36. Dotis
37. Papa Inferioris Hungariae Oppidvm
38. Petrina
39. Sanctonicolavm
4. Yorke Shrowesbvry Lancaster et Richmont
40. Zaros Superioris Hungariae Civitatas and Propugnaculum
41. Palanka Superioris Hungariae Civitatas
42. Varadinvm
43. Clavdiopolis Coloswar Vulgo Clavsenbvrg Transiluaniae Civitas Primaria
44. Castanowiz Civitiae Propugnaculum
45. Cracovia Metropolis Regni Poloniae
46. Cracovia Minoris Poloniae Metropolis
47. Mons Calvariae 1600
48. Posnania et Crosno
49. Varsovia
5. Galwaye Dvbline Lymericke et Corcke
50. Tipvs Civitatis Lvblinesi In Regno Poloniae
51. Leopolis
52. Sendomiria et Biecz
53. Lovicensis Civitas
54. Arx Premislia Celebris Rvssiae Civitas
55. Zamoscivm Noua Poloniae Ciuitas
56. Moscovia Vrbs Metropolis Totius Russiae Albae
57. Patavivm Nobilissima
58. Novara
59. Tricaricvm Basilicatae Civitas
6. Scenographia Totivs Fabricae S Laurentii In Escorali
60. Prospectuvs Freti Sicvli Vulgo Il Faro Di Messina 1617
61. Back Cover
7. Cordvba
8. Portrait Sainct Germain En Laye Portrait Fontaine Belleav
9. Vrbs Nancei Lotharingiae et La Ville De Nancy 1617

Publisher: [Coloniae Agrippinae : apud Petrum à Brachel, sumptibus auctorum, 1575-1618]

Language(s):

Latin

ISBN-10: N/A

Date Added: 2019-08-06

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Maps

Map Name
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Civitas Exoniae Vulgo Excester (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Yorke Shrowesbvry Lancaster et Richmont (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Galwaye Dvbline Lymericke et Corcke (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Scenographia Totivs Fabricae S Laurentii In Escorali (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Cordvba (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Portrait Sainct Germain En Laye Portrait Fontaine Belleav (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Vrbs Nancei Lotharingiae et La Ville De Nancy 1617 (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Description De La Ville De Bar Faicte L An 1617 (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Hagae Comitis (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Amstelodamvm (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Ostenda (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Dillenbvrg et Segen (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Bvdingen 1617 (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Scopa Vulgo Schvepa 1617 (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Bambergae (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Hailbrvnna Mvlhvsivm et Revtlinga (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Lipsiae Insignnis Saxoniae Urbis 1617 (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Nissa Silesior et Ligincivm (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Marienberg Misniae Civitas (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Penigk 1617 (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Vienna Austriae (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Eisenstadivm Vulgo Eisnstat et Mannersdorf 1617 (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Ens 1617 (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - S. Polid Vulgo Sanpolten (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Czaslavivm Vulgo Czasla Bohemiae Civitas et Commoda Vulgo Comethav (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Lavna Vulgo Lavn Bohemiae Civitates et Schlanivm Vulgo Schlani (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Polna Volga Polm (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Castanowiz 1617 (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Brvnn Vulgo Brinn Marchionatus Morauiae Ciuitas insignis (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Bvda Citerioris Hvngariae (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Cassovia Svperioris Hvngariae Civitatas Primaria (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Agria Vulgo Erla (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Zolnock Superioris Hungariae Civitas (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Dotis (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Papa Inferioris Hungariae Oppidvm (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Petrina (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Sanctonicolavm (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Zaros Superioris Hungariae Civitatas and Propugnaculum (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Palanka Superioris Hungariae Civitatas (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Varadinvm (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Clavdiopolis Coloswar Vulgo Clavsenbvrg Transiluaniae Civitas Primaria (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Castanowiz Civitiae Propugnaculum (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Cracovia Metropolis Regni Poloniae (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Cracovia Minoris Poloniae Metropolis (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Mons Calvariae 1600 (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Posnania et Crosno (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Varsovia (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Tipvs Civitatis Lvblinesi In Regno Poloniae (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Leopolis (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Sendomiria et Biecz (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Lovicensis Civitas (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Arx Premislia Celebris Rvssiae Civitas (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Zamoscivm Noua Poloniae Ciuitas (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Moscovia Vrbs Metropolis Totius Russiae Albae (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Patavivm Nobilissima (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Novara (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Tricaricvm Basilicatae Civitas (1617)
Civitates Orbis Terrarum Vol. 6 - Prospectuvs Freti Sicvli Vulgo Il Faro Di Messina 1617 (1617)

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