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Riviera

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Riviera Collection

History Archive - Riviera Collection

The Riviera is the narrow belt of coast which lies between the mountains and the sea all round the Gulf of Genoa in the north of Italy, extending from Nice on the W. to Spezia on the E. It is usually spoken of as Riviera di Ponente ("the coast of the setting sun"), the portion between Nice and the city of Genoa; and as Riviera di Levante ("the coast of the rising sun"), the portion from Genoa to Spezia.

All this district, being open to the S. and sheltered from the N. and E. winds, enjoys a remarkably mild climate (winter mean, about 49° Fahr.); so much so that the vegetation in many places partakes of a subtropical character (e.g. the pomegranate, agave, prickly pear, date, palm and banana). Large numbers of flowers, especially roses, violets, hyacinths, &c., are grown near Nice, Mentone, Bordighera and other towns, and sent to the London and Paris markets.

Bordighera is particularly noted for its noble groves of date-palms, one of the few places in Europe where these trees grow. The uncommon mildness of the climate, conjoined with the natural beauty of the coast scenery, - the steep sea-crags, the ruined towers and the range of the Maritime Alps, - attracts thousands of invalids and convalescents to spend the winter in the chain of towns and villages which stretch from the one end of the Riviera to the other, while these resorts are frequented for sea-bathing in summer by the Italians.

Proceeding from W. to E. the following are the places to which visitors principally resort: Nice, Monaco (an independent principality), Monte Carlo, Mentone (the last town on the French Riviera), Ventimiglia, Bordighera, Ospedaletti, San Remo, Porto Maurizio, Oneglia, Diano Marina, Alassio, Arenzano, Pegli (in the Riviera di Ponente), and Nervi, Santa Margherita, Rapallo, Chiavari, Sestri Levante, Levanto, Spezia, and San Terenzo (Lerici) in the Riviera di Levante.

The Riviera labours, however, under the grave drawback of being liable to earthquakes. In the 19th century there were four such visitations, in 1818, 1831, 1854 and 1887, which especially affected the western Riviera. A railway runs close along the shore all through the Riviera, the distance from Nice to Genoa being 116 m., and the distance from Genoa to Spezia 56 m. In the latter stretch the line burrows through the many projecting headlands by means of more than eighty tunnels. The pearl of the eastern Riviera is the stretch (6 to 7 m.) between Rapallo and Chiavari.

Lord Byron and Shelley both lived and wrote on the shores of the Gulf of Spezia, and Dickens wrote The Chimes at Genoa.

References:

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Volume 23.

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Related Images

Image Name
The Riviera Painted & Described - In the Borrigo Valley, Mentone (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - On the Shore, Diano Marina - Cervo in the Distance (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Antibes (1870)
Die Riviera: Wanderziele und Winterasyle - Strand bei Nervi (1884)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Capo Lungo, Nervi (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Monastery of the Annonciade, Mentone, from the South (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Zoagli (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Finalmarina (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - S. Margherita Ligure (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - A Corner in Genoa (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - View of Cannes from La Bocca (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Autumn Tints in the Cypress Valley (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - Mentone, from Caravan (1915)
An Artist in the Riviera - Street in Cervo San Bartolommeo (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Monte Carlo from the East (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - Via deglo Speddale, Noli (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Genoa, from the Corso Magenta (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Dolceacqua, with the Castle of the Doria (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Apricale, from the West (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - Albenga from the Centa (1915)
An Artist in the Riviera - Back Cover (1915)
An Artist in the Riviera - S. Fruttuoso, Portofino (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Tower at Bergeggi (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - The Estrelles, from the Beau Site, Cannes (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Rocks on the Shore, Nervi (1907)
Die Riviera: Wanderziele und Winterasyle - Illustrated Title Page (1884)
An Artist in the Riviera - Piazza Mazzini, S. Margherita (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The Vegetable Market, Nice, looking South (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - A Rose Garden, Bordighera (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - Vicolo del Ponte, Villa Nuova di Albenga (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - S. Cassien, near Cannes (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - The Market at Nice (1915)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Back Cover (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Cervo (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Street in Villanuova, near Albenga (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Entrance to Vallebona (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - A Lane in Noli (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Ospedaletti (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Old Tower, Rapallo (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - La Piazza, Sestri Levante (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Title Page (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Street in Apricale (1907)
Die Riviera: Wanderziele und Winterasyle - Monaco, vom Cap Martin bei Mentone gesehen (1884)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Valley of the Var, from St. Romain (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - A Street Corner, Cagnes (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - La Penisola, Sestri Levante (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - On the Shore, Sori (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Behind Bordighera (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The Promenade, Nervi (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - The Carouba (1870)
An Artist in the Riviera - The Blessing of the Houses (1915)
An Artist in the Riviera - La Rocca, San Remo (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Street in Falicon (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - The Principality of Monaco (1915)
Die Riviera: Wanderziele und Winterasyle - Title Page (1884)
The Riviera Painted & Described - La Roquette, in the Var Valley (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Old Church, Hyeres (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - The Strand at Sestri Levante (1915)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - La Murtola (1870)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Title Page (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The Vegetable Market, Nice, looking West (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - S. Salvatore (1915)
An Artist in the Riviera - At S. Michele, Rapallo (1915)
An Artist in the Riviera - The Greengrocer Shop (1915)
An Artist in the Riviera - Front Cover (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Laigueglia, near Alassio (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - San Remo, Ancient and Modern (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Cap Martin (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The "Castello Brown," Portofino (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Old Bridge, Cagnes (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Front Cover (1870)
An Artist in the Riviera - A Procession in San Remo (1915)
An Artist in the Riviera - Camocli (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Church near Vallauris (1907)
Die Riviera: Wanderziele und Winterasyle - Mentone (1884)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Olive Mill, Dolcedo (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - At Loano (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The Old Town, Cannes (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - On the Shores near Carqueiranne (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - Title Page (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - The Old Castle, Levanto (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Part of the Old Town, San Remo (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Back Cover (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Antibes from the West (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Street in Hyeres (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - On the Shore, Alassio (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Church of Perti, near Castello Gavone (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - On the Shore, Bordighera - Early Morning (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Monaco - Evening (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Street in Grasse (1907)
An Artist in the Riviera - Noli (1915)
The Riviera Painted & Described - France and Italy. On the Shore, Mentone, looking towards Bordighera (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Old Walls, Ventimiglia, and Church of S. Michele (1907)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Street in the Old Town, Nice (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - At Albenga (1870)
The Riviera Painted & Described - Entrance Gate, Auribeau (1907)
The Riviera: Pen and Pencil Sketches from Cannes to Genoa - Finale, from the East (1870)
An Artist in the Riviera - Entrance to the Villa Centurione, S. Margherita Ligure (1915)
An Artist in the Riviera - In the Villa Piuma, Sestri Levante (1915)
Die Riviera: Wanderziele und Winterasyle - Vai di Sasso bei Bordighera (1884)

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