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Atlantic Ocean

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Atlantic Ocean Collection

History Archive - Atlantic Ocean Collection

The islands of the Atlantic Ocean are - except for those in one concentrated region - scattered far and wide, with little in common but their relative obscurity.

The most numerous group of islands are the so-called West Indies and their neighbors, located southeast of North America, east of Central America, and north of South America. Although part of the Atlantic, this sea forms its own region: the Caribbean.

Geologically, the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands in the Lucayan island chain are in the Atlantic Ocean but are culturally and tourism-wise considered part of the Caribbean (West Indies) and listed as such.

The near-polar islands to the far north and south are covered here among the islands of the Arctic Ocean (Arctic) and Southern Ocean (Antarctica). The remaining islands of the Atlantic run rather intermittently from the southwestern tip of Europe, past West Africa, across the equator, to the open waters of the South Atlantic:

Northern Hemisphere

Southern Hemisphere

Plutarch in his Parallel Lives (Sertorius, 75 AD) referring to the military commander Quintus Sertorius (d. 72 BC), relates that after his return to Cádiz, he met sailors who spoke of idyllic Atlantic islands: "The islands are said to be two in number separated by a very narrow strait and lie 10,000 furlongs (2,011.68 km) from Africa. They are called the Isles of the Blest." Archeological evidence suggests that the islands may have been visited by the Vikings sometime between AD 900 and 1030.

Regional Sub-Divisions

Available Books

Related Images

Image Name
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Chart, Showing the Track of the Steam-Ship Great Eastern on Her Voyage from Valentia to Newfoundland (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Title Page (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Priests in Different Attire (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Kornsa (1899)
A History of Madeira - Manner of Drawing Pipes etc. by Means of the Sledge (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Descent of Arnardals Skarth (1899)
A History of Madeira - A Farmer and His Daughter Going to Town (1821)
A History of Madeira - Drilling (1821)
The Atlantic Telegraph - View (Looking Aft) from the Port Paddle-Box of Great Eastern : Showing the Trough for Cable, etc. (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - The Horn at Sunrise (1899)
Views of St. Helena - View of James Town from the road leading to the Briars (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph [Chart] - The Atlantic Telegraph [Map] (1865) (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Members of the Senate (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - The Logberg and Nicolas Chasm (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Gill at Gilsbakki (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Title Page - Weighing Anchor off the Maplin Sands, Nore, July 15, 1865 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - Title Page (1909)
A History of Madeira - Usual Manner of Travelling in Hammocks (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Peasants in Usual Costume (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Longwood Old House (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - Back Cover (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Foilhummerum Bay, Valentia, Looking Seawards from the Point at Which the Cable Reaches the Shore (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Marshal Bertrand's Cottage (1857)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Splicing the Cable (After the First Accident) on Board the Great Eastern, July 25 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Kongsbakki Bjarnarhsn in the Distance (1899)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Telegraph House, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland : Interior of Mess-Room 1858 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - The Cliffs, Foilhummerum Bay : Point of the Landing of the Shore End of Cable, July 22 (1865)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Front Cover (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Rural Occupations (1821)
A History of Madeira - Country Musicians (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Title Page (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - H.M.S. Agamemnon Laying the Atlantic Telegraph Cable in 1858 : A Whale Crosses the Line (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - View of Upper Part of Main Street (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - Manner of Visiting Among the Ladies at Funchal (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Trinity Bay, Newfoundland : Exterior View of Telegraph House in 1857-1858 (1865)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - The Logberg and Thingvalla Vatn (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A Pilgrimage to the Saga-Steads of Iceland - Budar-Os (1899)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Views of St. Helena - Napoleon's Tomb (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - A Franciscan Friar on a Journey (1821)
Views of St. Helena - St. Paul's Church (1857)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
The Atlantic Telegraph - Searching for Fault After Recovery of the Cable from the Bed of the Atlantic, July 31 (1865)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
A History of Madeira - A Nun and Her Attendant (1821)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)
Madeira : Old and New - (1909)

Related Maps

Map Name
The Atlantic Telegraph - Chart, Showing the Track of the Steam-Ship Great Eastern on Her Voyage from Valentia to Newfoundland (1865)

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